Now showing items 93-112 of 938

    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Broadening the climate regime: Design and feasibility of multi-stage climate agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bang, Guri; Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:02, Research report, 2005)
      To meet a climate target like maximum 2 ºC temperature increase by 2100, participation in efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases must be broader than that in the Kyoto Protocol. It will also require emission ...
    • Bruk av delte og selvkjørende kjøretøy i norske boligområder: hva synes innbyggerne? 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Kallbekken, Steffen (CICERO Policy Note;2021:01, Working paper, 2021)
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Criteria for evaluation and development of burden-sharing rules 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Working Paper;2000:01, Working paper, 2000)
      This article discusses nine criteria for evaluation of potential Burden Sharing Rules (BSRs) in climate policy agreements. Three of the criteria reflect fairness principles while six of them are operational requirements. ...
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Fairness principles and proposals 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Working Paper;1999:13, Working paper, 1999)
      This report is the second working paper of the joint CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo) and ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) project ‘Rules for Burden Differentiation of ...
    • Burden differentiation: GHG emissions, undercurrents and mitigation costs 

      Ybema, J.R.; Battjes, J.J.; Jansen, J.C.; Ormel, F.T. (CICERO Working Paper;1999:14, Working paper, 1999)
    • Business as UNusual: the implications of fossil divestment and green bonds for financial flows, economic growth and energy market 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan (CICERO Working Paper;2016:01, Working paper, 2016)
      Green bonds and fossil divestment has emerged as a bottom-up approach to climate action within the business community. Recent pledges by large banks and institutional investors have reached levels that have the potential ...
    • Business Models for Negative Emissions From Waste-to-Energy Plants 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Negative emissions of carbon dioxide will likely be needed to meet the <2°C warming above the pre-industrial level goal of the Paris Agreement. A major technology option is combining Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and ...
    • BVOC-aerosol-climate feedbacks investigated using NorESM 

      Sporre, Moa Kristina; Blichner, Sara Marie; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Makkonen, Risto; Berntsen, Terje Koren (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Both higher temperatures and increased CO2 con centrations are (separately) expected to increase the emis sions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). This has been proposed to initiate negative climate feedback ...
    • Byvekstavtaler i et flernivåperspektiv: helhetlig styringsverktøy med demokratiske utfordringer 

      Amundsen, Helene; Christiansen, Petter; Hanssen, Gro Sandkjær; Hofstad, Hege; Tønnesen, Anders; Westskog, Hege (CICERO Report;2019:13, Report, 2019-09)
      Prosjektet «Byvekstavtaler som redskap for bærekraftig bo-, areal- og transportutvikling» har som formål å studere byvekstavtalenes potensial for å oppnå en bærekraftig bo-, areal- og transportutvikling. CICERO Senter for ...
    • Bærekraftig deling i norske kommuner: status og nye muligheter 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik (CICERO Policy Note;2021:01, Working paper, 2020)
      Denne studien er del av prosjektet UPSCALE, der formålet er å undersøke mulighetene for å øke omfanget av bærekraftig utlån og deling med utgangspunkt i lokale biblioteker. For å få vite mer om bruk av eksisterende dele- ...
    • Bærekraftig matproduksjon - En diskursiv tilnærming til koordinering 

      Skagen, Katrine (CICERO Report;2020:06, Report, 2020-09)
      Fremveksten av komplekse og grenseoverskridende utfordringer har økt nødvendigheten av samarbeid og koordinering på tvers av sektorielle linjer. I denne masteroppgaven kombineres en kritisk diskursanalyse med koordineringsteori ...
    • California?s cap-and-trade system: Diffusion and lessons 

      Bang, Guri; Victor, David G.; Andresen, Steinar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article investigates the roles of policy diffusion and policy learning in shaping the design of California’s cap-and-trade system. On the surface, it is very similar to other cap-and-trade programs, but in practice ...
    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Can geological carbon storage be competitive? 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2004:05, Working paper, 2004)
      In this paper we review the literature on the costs and benefits of geological carbon storage and the estimates of greenhouse gas permit prices under the Kyoto Protocol commitment period and beyond. Combining these results ...
    • Can multi-criteria rules fairly distribute climate burdens? OECD results from three burden-sharing rules 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1998:06, Working paper, 1998)
      An important feature of the Protocol concluded in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 is the differentiation of the climate targets of the industrialized countries. A more systematic approach to burden sharing than that leading ...
    • Can the Clean Development Mechanism attain both cost-effectiveness and sustainable development objectives? 

      Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:08, Working paper, 2001)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as defined in the Kyoto Protocol, has two objectives: to promote sustainable development in host developing countries, and to improve global cost-effectiveness by assisting developed ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Car sharing and transformations in households travel patterns: Insights from emerging proto-practices in Norway 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Farstad, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Over the last decades car sharing has been recognized as a socio-technical innovation that can help to reduce or replace the use of fossil-fueled private cars in urban regions. To understand how car sharing may be used in ...