Now showing items 755-774 of 987

    • Satellite-based evaluation of AeroCom model bias in biomass burning regions 

      Zhong, Qirui; Schutgens, Nick; Van Der Werf, Guido; Van Noije, Twan; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Mielonen, Tero; Kirkevåg, Alf; Seland, Øyvind; Kokkola, Harri; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Neubauer, David; Kipling, Zak; Matsui, Hitoshi; Ginoux, Paul; Takemura, Toshihiko; Le Sager, Philippe; Rémy, Samuel; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Zhang, Kai; Zhu, Jialei; Tsyro, Svetlana; Curci, Gabriele; Protonotariou, Anna; Johnson, Ben; Penner, Joyce E.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global models are widely used to simulate biomass burning aerosol (BBA). Exhaustive evaluations on model representation of aerosol distributions and properties are fundamental to assess health and climate impacts of BBA. ...
    • SBAB Group 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2019:001, Report, 2019-01-07)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Banking, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Medium Green
    • Science as a "fixed point" Quantification and boundary objects in international climate politics 

      Lahn, Bård; Sundqvist, Göran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Our understanding of climate change is dominated by quantified scientific knowledge, with science and politics usually seen as operating separately and autonomously from one another. By investigating a particular fact box ...
    • Science-policy interaction in the global greenhouse: Institutional design and institutional performance in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 

      Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Working Paper;1999:03, Working paper, 1999)
      Research input constitutes a key component in the development of effective international environmental regimes. Scientific knowledge is called for not only in the design of policies that are effective in terms of solving ...
    • Scientific data from precipitation driver response model intercomparison project 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Sandstad, Marit; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Sillmann, Jana; Andrews, Timothy; Boucher, Olivier; Faluvegi, Gregory; Iversen, Trond; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kramer, Ryan J.; Liu, Longbo; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Quaas, Johannes; Richardson, Thomas B.; Shawki, Dilshad; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Chris; Stier, Philip; Tang, Tao; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This data descriptor reports the main scientific values from General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the Precipitation Driver and Response Model Intercomparison Project (PDRMIP). The purpose of the GCM simulations has been ...
    • Scientific management of the environment? Science, politics and institutional design 

      Andresen, Steinar; Skodvin, Tora; Underdal, Arild; Wettestad, Jørgen (CICERO Working Paper;1994:04, Working paper, 1994)
      Internasjonalt miljø- og ressurssamarbeid karakteriseres av en nær kobling mellom forskning og politikk. Vitenskapelige organer for frembringelse av ny og oppdatert kunnskap utgjør som regel en integrert del av internasjonale ...
    • Seizing policy windows: Policy Influence of climate advocacy coalitions in Brazil, China, and India, 2000?2015 

      Aamodt, Solveig; Stensdal, Iselin Phoebe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      What drives the development of climate policy? Brazil, China, and India have all changed their climate policies since 2000, and single-case analyses of climate policymaking have found that all three countries have had ...
    • Sensitivity of black carbon concentrations and climate impact to aging and scavenging in OsloCTM2-M7 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Accurate representation of black carbon (BC) concentrations in climate models is a key prerequisite for understanding its net climate impact. BC aging and scavenging are treated very differently in current models. Here, ...
    • Separating the shortwave and longwave components of greenhouse gas radiative forcing 

      Shine, Keith P.; Byrom, Rachael; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Many important greenhouse gases (including water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and ozone) absorb solar radiation. When gas concentrations change, this absorption exerts a radiative forcing that modifies the thermal ...
    • Shades of Climate Risk. Categorizing climate risk for investors 

      Clapp, Christa; Lund, Harald Francke; Aamaas, Borgar; Lannoo, Elisabeth (CICERO Report;2017:01, Research report, 2017)
      Taking a starting point in the latest climate science, this report categorizes climate change risk according to timeframe and probability by region and highlights risks that require immediate attention from investors. ...
    • Shaming and Framing: Norwegian Nongovernmental Organizations in the Climate Change Negotiations 

      Tjernshaugen, Andreas; Lee, Ho-Ching (CICERO Working Paper;2004:09, Working paper, 2004)
      This paper discusses the strategies chosen by Norwegian-based environmental non-governmental organizations(ENGOs) and their international allies in the Climate Action Network (CAN) in seeking to influence Norway’s behaviour ...
    • Share-On – prosjekt om lokalsamfunnsdeling og bærekraft 

      Westskog, Hege; Arnslett, Astrid; Solberg, Nina; Aasen, Marianne; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Standal, Karina (CICERO Report;2020:04, Report, 2020-06)
      ShareOn har sett på motivasjon og betingelser for å få til deling samt hvilke effekter deling har på forbruk og sosial interaksjon. Vi har også gjort beregninger av utslippseffekter av deling ut fra ulike forsetninger når ...
    • ShareOn – midtveisrapport mai 2019 

      Westskog, Hege; Standal, Karina; Kallbekken, Steffen; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Aasen, Marianne; Wang, Lars; Aase, Tor Halfdan; Tellefsen, Sølvi (CICERO Report;2019:06, Report, 2019-04)
      ShareOn prosjektet er et samarbeidprosjekt hvor både forskningsmiljøer, offentlige aktører, næringsaktører og idedrevne (ideelle) organisasjoner deltar. Prosjektet er rettet mot å belyse deling som strategi i omstillingen ...
    • Sharing a quota on cumulative carbon emissions 

      Raupach, Michael R.; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jotzo, Frank; Le Quéré, Corinne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Any limit on future global warming is associated with a quota on cumulative global CO2 emissions. We translate this global carbon quota to regional and national scales, on a spectrum of sharing principles that extends from ...
    • Sharing among neighbours in a Norwegian suburb 

      Westskog, Hege; Aase, Tor Halfdan; Standal, Karina; Tellefsen, Sølvi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Sharing goods and services has been promoted as fostering more sustainable consumption. In this paper, we explore sharing in a middle-class neighbourhood in a Norwegian city. We ask what influences and frames neighbours’ ...
    • Sharing the burden of greenhouse gas mitigation: Final report of the joint CICERO-ECN project on the global differentiation of emission mitigation targets among countries 

      Jansen, J.C.; Battjes, J.J.; Ormel, F.T.; Sijm, J.; Volkers, C.; Ybema, J.R.; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ringius, Lasse; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Working Paper;2001:05, Working paper, 2001)
    • Shifting strategies in the global climate negotiations 

      Bang, Guri; Heggelund, Gørild; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:08, Research report, 2005)
      Although the international climate change regime represents a genuinely global policy process, some actors have a more pivotal role than others – either as dynamos that drive the process, or as barriers to further development. ...
    • Should developing countries take on binding commitments in a climate agreement? A cost-benefit analysis 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Westskog, Hege (CICERO Working Paper;2003:09, Working paper, 2003)
      This paper explores the costs and benefits for all parties to a future climate agreement of developing countries taking on binding commitments. Such commitments would allow developing countries to participate in emissions ...
    • Side-payments: an effective instrument for building climate clubs? 

      Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Climate clubs have been suggested as a gateway to substantial reductions in global emissions. The club approach begins with a small number of enthusiastic countries. This paper asks under what conditions such clubs are ...
    • Silos as barriers to public sector climate adaptation and preparedness: insights from road closures in Norway 

      Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Jacobsen, Jens Kristian Steen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Organisational perspectives propose that structural arrangements affect policy outcomes. Drawing on these perspectives, it is worthwhile to find out whether and how disagreements among public authorities create barriers ...