Now showing items 21-40 of 429

    • African heritage sites threatened as sea-level rise accelerates 

      Vousdoukas, Michalis I.; Clarke, Joanne; Ranasinghe, Roshanka; Reimann, Lena; Khalaf, Nadia; Duong, Trang Minh; Ouweneel, Birgitt; Sabour, Salma; Iles, Carley Elizabeth; Trisos, Christopher H.; Feyen, Luc; Mentaschi, Lorenzo; Simpson, Nicholas P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The African coast contains heritage sites of ‘Outstanding Universal Value’ that face increasing risk from anthropogenic climate change. Here, we generated a database of 213 natural and 71 cultural African heritage sites ...
    • An agenda for future Social Sciences and Humanities research on energy efficiency: 100 priority research questions 

      Foulds, Chris; Royston, Sarah; Berker, Thomas; Nakopoulou, Efi; Bharucha, Zareen Pervez; Robison, Rosie; Abram, Simone; Ančić, Branko; Arapostathis, Stathis; Badescu, Gabriel; Bull, Richard; Cohen, Jed; Dunlop, Tessa; Dunphy, Niall; Dupont, Claire; Fischer, Corinna; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten; Grandclément, Catherine; Heiskanen, Eva; Labanca, Nicola; Jeliazkova, Maria; Jörgens, Helge; Keller, Margit; Kern, Florian; Lombardi, Patrizia; Mourik, Ruth; Ornetzeder, Michael; Pearson, Peter J. G.; Rohracher, Harald; Sahakian, Marlyne; Sari, Ramazan; Standal, Karina; Živčič, Lidija (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Decades of techno-economic energy policymaking and research have meant evidence from the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH)—including critical reflections on what changing a society’s relation to energy (efficiency) even ...
    • Air pollution and child health impacts of decarbonization in 16 global cities: Modelling study 

      Milner, James; Hughes, Robert; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Picetti, Roberto; Ghosh, Rakesh; Yeung, Shunmay; Lelieveld, Jos; Dangour, Alan D.; Wilkinson, Paul (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Most research on the air pollution-related health effects of decarbonization has focused on adults. We assess the potential health benefits that could be achieved in children and young people in a global sample of 16 cities ...
    • Air pollution impacts on in-hospital case-fatality rate of ischemic stroke patients 

      Keller, Karsten; Haghi, Seyed Hamed Rastguye; Hahad, Omar; Schmidtmann, Irene; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Lelieveld, Jos; Münzel, Thomas; Hobohm, Lukas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Background: A growing body of evidence suggests that air pollution exposure is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Data regarding the impact of long-term air pollution exposure on ischemic stroke ...
    • An application of automated mediation to international climate treaty negotiation 

      Ding, P; Gerst, MD; Bang, Guri; Borsuk, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      A generic framework for automated mediation of multi-attribute negotiation has recently been reported (Lai and Sycara in Group Decis Negot 18:169–187, 2009). This framework seeks to shorten time to agreement, achieve ...
    • An economic evaluation of solar radiation management 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Romstad, Bård; Wei, Taoyuan; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Muri, Helene; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
    • Anthropogenic sulfate aerosol pollution in South and East Asia induces increased summer precipitation over arid Central Asia 

      Xie, Xiaoning; Myhre, Gunnar; Shindell, Drew; Faluvegi, Gregory; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Shi, Zhengguo; Li, Xinzhou; Xie, Xiaoxun; Liu, Heng; Liu, Xiaodong; Liu, Yangang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Precipitation has increased across the arid Central Asia region over recent decades. However, the underlying mechanisms of this trend are poorly understood. Here, we analyze multi-model simulations from the Precipitation ...
    • Arctic air pollution: Challenges and opportunities for the next decade 

      Arnold, Steve R.; Law, Kathy S.; Brock, Charles A.; Thomas, Jennie L.; Starkweather, Sandra M.; von Salzen, Knut; Stohl, Andreas; Sharma, Sangeeta; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Flanner, Mark G.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Tanimoto, Hiroshi; Gamble, Jim; Dibb, Jack E.; Melamed, Megan; Johnson, Noor; Fidel, Maryann; Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka; Baklanov, Alexander; Eckhardt, Sabine; Monks, Sarah A.; Browse, Jo; Bozem, Heike (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
    • The Arctic has warmed nearly four times faster than the globe since 1979 

      Rantanen, Mika; Karpechko, Alexey Yu.; Lipponen, Antti; Nordling, Kalle; Hyvärinen, Otto; Ruosteenoja, Kimmo; Vihma, Timo Pekka; Laaksonen, Ari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In recent decades, the warming in the Arctic has been much faster than in the rest of the world, a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification. Numerous studies report that the Arctic is warming either twice, more than twice, ...
    • Arctic tropospheric ozone: assessment of current knowledge and model performance 

      Whaley, Cynthia; Law, Kathy S.; Hjorth, Jens Liengaard; Skov, Henrik; Arnold, Stephen R.; Langner, Joakim; Pernov, Jakob Boyd; Bergeron, Garance; Bourgeois, Ilann; Christensen, Jesper H.; Chien, Rong-You; Deushi, Makoto; Dong, Xinyi; Effertz, Peter; Faluvegi, Gregory; Flanner, Mark G.; Fu, Joshua S.; Gauss, Michael; Huey, Greg L.; Im, Ulas; Kivi, Rigel; Marelle, Louis; Onishi, Tatsuo; Oshima, Naga; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Peischl, Jeff; Plummer, David A.; Pozzoli, Luca; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Ryerson, Tom; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Solberg, Sverre; Thomas, Manu Anna; Thompson, Chelsea R.; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Turnock, Steven T.; von Salzen, Knut; Tarasick, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      As the third most important greenhouse gas (GHG) after carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), tropospheric ozone (O3) is also an air pollutant causing damage to human health and ecosystems. This study brings together ...
    • Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal 

      Ensor, Jonathan Edward; Wennstroem, Patrick; Bhatterai, Anil; Nightingale, Andrea Joslyn; Eriksen, Siri; Sillmann, Jana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Adaptation research and practice too often overlooks the wider social context within which climate change is experienced. Mainstream approaches frame adaptation problems in terms of the consequences that flow from biophysical ...
    • Assessment of the European Climate Projections as Simulated by the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional and Global Climate Model Ensemble 

      Coppola, Erika; Nogherotto, Rita; Ciarlo', James M.; Giorgi, Filippo; Van Meijgaard, Erik; Kadygrov, N.; Iles, Carley; Corre, Lola; Sandstad, Marit; Somot, Samuel; Nabat, Pierre; Vautard, Robert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Kjellström, Erik; Nikulin, Grigory; Aalbers, Emma; Lenderink, Geert; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Boberg, Fredrik; Sørland, Silje Lund; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Bülow, Katharina; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper analyzes the ensemble of regional climate model (RCM) projections for Europe completed within the EURO-CORDEX project. Projections are available for the two greenhouse gas concentration scenarios RCP2.6 (22 ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Atmospheric concentrations of black carbon are substantially higher in spring than summer in the Arctic 

      Jurányi, Zsófia; Zanatta, Marco; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sharma, Sangeeta; Wendisch, Manfred; Herber, Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      A key driving factor behind rapid Arctic climate change is black carbon, the atmospheric aerosol that most efficiently absorbs sunlight. Our knowledge about black carbon in the Arctic is scarce, mainly limited to long-term ...
    • Atmospheric methane evolution the last 40 years 

      Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Gomez-Pelaez, Angel J.; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Weiss, Ray F.; Harth, Christina M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations at surface sites show an increase in global mean surface methane (CH4) of about 180 parts per billion (ppb) (above 10 %) over the period 1984–2012. Over this period there are large fluctuations in the annual ...
    • Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK 

      Bang, Guri; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Böhringer, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Europe’s two largest economies – Germany and the UK – are phasing out coal from electricity production as part of European efforts to fulfil increased climate policy ambitions that require comprehensive energy system ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Black carbon aerosol reductions during COVID-19 confinement quantified by aircraft measurements over Europe 

      Krüger, Ovid O.; Holanda, Bruna A.; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Pozzer, Andrea; Walter, David; Pöhlker, Christopher; Hernández, Maria Dolores Andrés; Burrows, John P.; Voigt, Christiane; Lelieveld, Jos; Quaas, Johannes; Pöschl, Ulrich; Pöhlker, Mira L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The abrupt reduction in human activities during the first lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented atmospheric conditions. To quantify the changes in lower tropospheric air pollution, we conducted the BLUESKY ...