Now showing items 248-267 of 429

    • A machine learning examination of hydroxyl radical differences among model simulations for CCMI-1 

      Nicely, Julie M.; Duncan, Bryan; Hanisco, Thomas F.; Wolfe, Glenn M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Deushi, Makoto; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Jöckel, Patrick; Josse, Béatrice; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Klekociuk, Andrew; Manyin, Michael E.; Marécal, Virginie; Morgenstern, Olaf; Murray, Lee T.; Myhre, Gunnar; Oman, Luke D.; Pitari, Giovanni; Pozzer, Andrea; Quaglia, Ilaria; Revell, Laura E.; Rozanov, Eugene; Stenke, Andrea; Stone, Kane; Strahan, Susan E.; Tilmes, Simone; Tost, Holger; Westervelt, Daniel M.; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The hydroxyl radical (OH) plays critical roles within the troposphere, such as determining the lifetime of methane (CH4), yet is challenging to model due to its fast cycling and dependence on a multitude of sources and ...
    • Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement 

      Koasidis, Konstantinos; Karamaneas, Anastasios; Nikas, Alexandros; Neofytou, Hera; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Vaillancourt, Kathleen; Doukas, Haris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Transport is associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted. Most transport means operate using fossil fuels, creating the urgent need for a rapid transformation of the sector. In this research, ...
    • Mapping ice in the Norwegian Arctic – on the edge between science and policy 

      Bay-Larsen, Ingrid Agathe; Bjørndal, Tone Gjesdal; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      n the Norwegian Arctic, petroleum exploration is prohibited north of the ice edge (the zone between solid sea ice and open ocean); the mapping and definition of the ice edge becomes the boundary for petroleum exploration. ...
    • Mapping the dependence of black carbon radiative forcing on emission region and season 

      Räisänen, Petri; Merikanto, Joonas; Makkonen, Risto; Savolahti, Mikko; Kirkevåg, Alf; Sand, Maria; Seland, Øyvind; Partanen, Antti-Ilari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      For short-lived climate forcers such as black carbon (BC), the atmospheric concentrations, radiative forcing (RF), and, ultimately, the subsequent effects on climate, depend on the location and timing of the emissions. ...
    • Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds 

      Ahlm, Lars; Jones, Andy; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Kravitz, Ben; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • Market and Non-market Policies for Renewable Energy Diffusion: A Unifying Framework and Empirical Evidence from China’s Wind Power Sector 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We provide a comprehensive framework of analyzing the diffusion process of renewable technology, incorporating epidemic and pecuniary effects. Relying on a panel dataset consisting of information from 1207 CDM wind projects ...
    • Market and policy risk under different renewable electricity support schemes 

      Boomsma, Trine Krogh; Linnerud, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Worldwide, renewable electricity projects are granted production support to ensure competitiveness. Depending on the design of these support schemes, the cash inflows to investment projects will be more or less exposed to ...
    • Mean-curvature watersheds: A simple method for segmentation of a digital elevation model into terrain units 

      Romstad, Bård; Etzelmuller, Bernd (Journal article, 2012)
      Terrain segmentation is the process of subdividing a continuous terrain surface into discrete terrain units. If the resulting units represent meaningful geomorphic objects the approach may facilitate studies of not only ...
    • Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions 

      Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Solomon, Susan; Friedlingstein, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Policy makers have called for a 'fair and ambitious' global climate agreement. Scientific constraints, such as the allowable carbon emissions to avoid exceeding a 2 °C global warming limit with 66% probability, can help ...
    • Measuring precipitation in Eastern Himalaya: Ground validation of eleven satellite, model and gauge interpolated gridded products 

      Kumar, Manish; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Sen, Sumit; Badiger, Shrinivas; Krishnaswamy, Jagdish (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Precipitation plays a key role in shaping land surface processes in Himalaya. It is also the most challenging meteorological variable to model in climate change studies due to inadequate ground data. Gridded Precipitation ...
    • Metagoverning through intermediaries: the role of the Norwegian “Klimasats” Fund in translating national climate goals to local implementation 

      Farstad, Fay Madeleine; Tønnesen, Anders; Christensen, Ingrid; Sødal Grasbekk, Bård; Brudevoll, Kristiane (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      There is little knowledge of how policymakers manage governance networks (“metagovern”) within climate policy and especially at non-executive levels of public management. One strategy to metagovern is through using ...
    • Methane and the Paris Agreement temperature goals 

      Cain, Michelle; Jenkins, Stuart; Allen, Myles R.; Lynch, John; Frame, David J.; MacEy, Adrian H.; Peters, Glen Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Meeting the Paris Agreement temperature goal necessitates limiting methane (CH4)-induced warming, in addition to achieving net-zero or (net-negative) carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. In our model, for the median 1.5°C ...
    • Methane's Solar Radiative Forcing 

      Byrom, Rachael; Shine, K.P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Methane (CH4) has significant absorption bands at wavelengths of 1.7, 2.3, 3.3 and 7.6 μm which absorb incoming solar ‘shortwave’ (SW) radiation and contribute to radiative forcing (RF). A comprehensive quantification of ...
    • Metodikk for framstilling av klimaeffekt på kort og lang sikt 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren (CICERO Report, Research report, 2021)
      CICERO Senter for klimaforskning har på oppdrag fra Miljødirektoratet utviklet og illustrert metodikk for framstilling av klimaeffekt på kort og lang sikt. Vi har vurdert klimaeffekt på to forskjellige måter, med vektfaktorer ...
    • Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes 

      Shine, Keith P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed ...
    • Mobility in Blue-Green Spaces Does Not Predict COVID-19 Transmission: A Global Analysis 

      Venter, Zander; Sadilek, Adam; Stanton, Charlotte; Barton, David Nicholas; Aunan, Kristin; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Schneider, Aaron; Iacus, Stefano Maria (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Mobility restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic ostensibly prevented the public from transmitting the disease in public places, but they also hampered outdoor recreation, despite the importance of blue-green spaces ...
    • Model evaluation of short-lived climate forcers for the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme: a multi-species, multi-model study 

      Whaley, Cynthia; Mahmood, Rashed; von Salzen, Knut; Winter, Barbara; Eckhardt, Sabine; Arnold, Stephen R.; Beagley, Stephen; Becagli, Silvia; Chien, Rong-You; Christensen, Jesper; Damani, Sujay Manish; Dong, Xinyi; Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Evangeliou, Nikolaos; Faluvegi, Gregory; Flanner, Mark G.; Fu, Joshua S.; Gauss, Michael; Giardi, Fabio; Gong, Wanmin; Hjorth, Jens Liengaard; Huang, Lin; Im, Ulas; Kanaya, Yugo; Srinath, Krishnan; Klimont, Zbigniew; Kuhn, Thomas; Langner, Joakim; Law, Kathy S.; Marelle, Louis; Massling, Andreas; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Onishi, Tatsuo; Oshima, Naga; Peng, Yiran; Plummer, David A.; Pozzoli, Luca; Popovicheva, Olga; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Sand, Maria; Saunders, Laura; Schmale, Julia; Sharma, Sangeeta; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Skov, Henrik; Taketani, Fumikazu; Thomas, Manu Anna; Traversi, Rita; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Turnock, Steven T; Vitale, Vito; Walker, Kaley A.; Wang, Minqi; Watson-Parris, Duncan; Weiss-Gibbons, Tahya (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      While carbon dioxide is the main cause for global warming, modeling short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) such as methane, ozone, and particles in the Arctic allows us to simulate near-term climate and health impacts for a ...
    • Model Validity and Transferability Informing Behavioral Energy Policies 

      Kontogianni, Areti; Damigos, Dimitris; Skourtos, Michail; Tourkolias, Christos; Denny, Eleanor; Galarraga, Ibon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Lakic, Edin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A number of microeconomic choice models are currently applied to demonstrate systematic biases in energy consumer behavior. The models highlight the hidden potential of energy savings from policies that target the so-called ...
    • Modeling Global Carbon Costs of Plant Nitrogen and Phosphorus Acquisition 

      Braghiere, R.K.; Fisher, J.B.; Allen, K.; Brzostek, E.; Shi, M.; Yang, X.; Ricciuto, D.M.; Fisher, Rosie; Zhu, Q.; Phillips, R.P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Most Earth system models (ESMs) do not explicitly represent the carbon (C) costs of plant nutrient acquisition, which leads to uncertainty in predictions of the current and future constraints to the land C sink. We integrate ...
    • Modeling the Joint Effects of Vegetation Characteristics and Soil Properties on Ecosystem Dynamics in a Panama Tropical Forest 

      Cheng, Yanyan; Leung, L. Ruby; Huang, Maoyi; Koven, Charles; Detto, Matteo; Knox, Ryan; Bisht, Gautam; Bretfeld, Mario; Fisher, Rosie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      In tropical forests, both vegetation characteristics and soil properties are important not only for controlling energy, water, and gas exchanges directly but also determining the competition among species, successional ...