Now showing items 52-71 of 104

    • Market and Non-market Policies for Renewable Energy Diffusion: A Unifying Framework and Empirical Evidence from China’s Wind Power Sector 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We provide a comprehensive framework of analyzing the diffusion process of renewable technology, incorporating epidemic and pecuniary effects. Relying on a panel dataset consisting of information from 1207 CDM wind projects ...
    • Mean-curvature watersheds: A simple method for segmentation of a digital elevation model into terrain units 

      Romstad, Bård; Etzelmuller, Bernd (Journal article, 2012)
      Terrain segmentation is the process of subdividing a continuous terrain surface into discrete terrain units. If the resulting units represent meaningful geomorphic objects the approach may facilitate studies of not only ...
    • Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions 

      Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Solomon, Susan; Friedlingstein, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Policy makers have called for a 'fair and ambitious' global climate agreement. Scientific constraints, such as the allowable carbon emissions to avoid exceeding a 2 °C global warming limit with 66% probability, can help ...
    • Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes 

      Shine, K. P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed ...
    • Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, W; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, M.; Forster, Piers; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Mulmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Prather, Michael J.; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schnell, Jordan; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Over the past few decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and air pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...
    • Percentile indices for assessing changes in heavy precipitation events 

      Schaer, Christoph; Ban, Nikolina; Fischer, Erich M.; Rajczak, Jan; Schmidli, Juerg; Frei, Christoph; Giorgi, Filippo; Karl, Thomas R.; Kendon, Elisabeth J.; Klein Tank, Albert M. G.; O'Gorman, Paul A.; Sillmann, Jana; Zhang, Xuebin; Zwiers, Francis W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Many climate studies assess trends and projections in heavy precipitation events using precipitation percentile (or quantile) indices. Here we investigate three different percentile indices that are commonly used. We ...
    • Policy invention and entrepreneurship: Bankrolling the burying of carbon in the EU 

      Boasson, Elin Lerum; Wettestad, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      This article presents the case of a policy invention where various kinds of entrepreneurship and a window of opportunity played important roles. In 2008 the EU adopted a new Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) policy with an ...
    • Predicting Paris: Multi-Method Approaches to Forecast the Outcomes of Global Climate Negotiations 

      Sprinz, Detlef; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Kallbekken, Steffen; Stokman, Frans; Sælen, Håkon; Thomson, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We examine the negotiations held under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change in Paris, December 2015. Prior to these negotiations, there was considerable uncertainty about whether an ...
    • Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Young, P.J.; Archibald, A.T.; Bowman, K.W.; Lamarque, J. F.; Naik, V.; Stevenson, DS; Tilmes, S.; Voulgarakis, A.; Wild, O.; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Cionni, Irene; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, RM; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, B.; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; Plummer, D. A.; Righi, M.; Rumbold, Steven T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Strode, S.A.; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, Guangming (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Present day tropospheric ozone and its changes between 1850 and 2100 are considered, analysing 15 global models that participated in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP). The ensemble ...
    • Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Naik, V; Voulgarakis, A; Fiore, AM; Horowitz, LW; Lamarque, JF; Lin, M; Prather, MJ; Young, PJ; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Cionni, I; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, R; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, GA; Josse, B; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; van Noije, TPC; Plummer, DA; Righi, M; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Stevenson, DS; Strode, S; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, G (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We have analysed time-slice simulations from 17 global models, participating in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), to explore changes in present-day (2000) hydroxyl radical (OH) ...
    • Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations 

      Shindell, D.T.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M.; Jiao, C.; Chin, M.; Young, P.J.; Lee, Y.H.; Rotstayn, L.; Mahowald, N.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W.J.; Conley, A.J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Easter, R.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, X.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, J.-H.; Lo, F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of ...
    • Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N; Chin, M; Diehl, T; Easter, R. C.; Feichter, J; Ghan, SJ; Hauglustaine, D; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S; Kirkevåg, A; Lamarque, J. F.; Lin, G; Liu, X.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Luo, G; Ma, X; van Noije, T; Penner, JE; Rasch, P. J.; Ruiz, A.; Seland, Ø.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K; Wang, P.; Wang, Z; Xu, L.; Yu, H; Yu, F.; Yoon, J.-H.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, H.; Zhou, C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We report on the AeroCom Phase II direct aerosol effect (DAE) experiment where 16 detailed global aerosol models have been used to simulate the changes in the aerosol distribution over the industrial era. All 16 models ...
    • Reaching peak emissions 

      Jackson, Robert B; Canadell, Josep G.; Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Nakicenovic, Neboisa (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Rapid growth in global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and industry ceased in the past two years, despite continued economic growth. Decreased coal use in China was largely responsible, coupled with slower global growth ...
    • Recommendations for diagnosing effective radiative forcing from climate models for CMIP6 

      Forster, Piers M.; Richardson, T.; Maycock, A. C.; Smith, C. J.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Andrews, T.; Pincus, R.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The usefulness of previous Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) exercises has been hampered by a lack of radiative forcing information. This has made it difficult to understand reasons for differences between model ...
    • Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China 

      Liu, Z; Guan, Dabo; Wei, Wei; Davis, Steven J; Ciais, Philippe; Bai, Jin; Peng, Shushi; Zhang, Qiang; Hubacek, Klaus; Marland, Gregg; Andres, Robert J; Crawford-Brown, Douglas; Lin, Jintai; Zhao, Hongyan; Hong, Chaopeng; Boden, Thomas A; Feng, Kuishuang; Peters, Glen Philip; Xi, Fengming; Liu, Junguo; Li, Yuan; Zhao, Yu; Zeng, Ning; He, Kebin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      early three-quarters of the growth in global carbon emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement production between 2010 and 2012 occurred in China1, 2. Yet estimates of Chinese emissions remain subject to large ...
    • Reducing uncertainties in decadal variability of the global carbon budget with multiple datasets 

      Li, Wei; Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Peng, Shushi; Broquet, Grégoire; Ballantyne, Ashley P.; Canadell, Josep G.; Cooper, Leila; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Le Quéré, Corinne; Myneni, Ranga B.; Peters, Glen Philip; Piao, Shilong; Pongratz, Julia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Conventional calculations of the global carbon budget infer the land sink as a residual between emissions, atmospheric accumulation, and the ocean sink. Thus, the land sink accumulates the errors from the other flux terms ...
    • Regional temperature change potentials for short-lived climate forcers based on radiative forcing from multiple models 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Shine, Keith P; Collins, William J (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We calculate the absolute regional temperature change potential (ARTP) of various short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) based on detailed radiative forcing (RF) calculations from four different models. The temperature response ...
    • Research priorities for negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Peters, Glen Philip; Smith, Pete; Tavoni, Massimo; van Vuuren, Detlef Peter; Canadell, Josep G.; Jackson, Robert B.; Milne, Jennifer L.; Moreira, José Roberto; Nakicenovic, Nebosja; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Yamagata, Yoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere (CDR)—also known as 'negative emissions'—features prominently in most 2 °C scenarios and has been under increased scrutiny by scientists, citizens, and policymakers. Critics argue ...