• A machine learning examination of hydroxyl radical differences among model simulations for CCMI-1 

      Nicely, Julie M.; Duncan, Bryan; Hanisco, Thomas F.; Wolfe, Glenn M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Deushi, Makoto; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Jöckel, Patrick; Josse, Béatrice; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Klekociuk, Andrew; Manyin, Michael E.; Marécal, Virginie; Morgenstern, Olaf; Murray, Lee T.; Myhre, Gunnar; Oman, Luke D.; Pitari, Giovanni; Pozzer, Andrea; Quaglia, Ilaria; Revell, Laura E.; Rozanov, Eugene; Stenke, Andrea; Stone, Kane; Strahan, Susan E.; Tilmes, Simone; Tost, Holger; Westervelt, Daniel M.; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The hydroxyl radical (OH) plays critical roles within the troposphere, such as determining the lifetime of methane (CH4), yet is challenging to model due to its fast cycling and dependence on a multitude of sources and ...
    • Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement 

      Koasidis, Konstantinos; Karamaneas, Anastasios; Nikas, Alexandros; Neofytou, Hera; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Vaillancourt, Kathleen; Doukas, Haris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Transport is associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted. Most transport means operate using fossil fuels, creating the urgent need for a rapid transformation of the sector. In this research, ...
    • Mapping ice in the Norwegian Arctic – on the edge between science and policy 

      Bay-Larsen, Ingrid Agathe; Bjørndal, Tone Gjesdal; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      n the Norwegian Arctic, petroleum exploration is prohibited north of the ice edge (the zone between solid sea ice and open ocean); the mapping and definition of the ice edge becomes the boundary for petroleum exploration. ...
    • Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds 

      Ahlm, Lars; Jones, Andy; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Kravitz, Ben; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • Market and Non-market Policies for Renewable Energy Diffusion: A Unifying Framework and Empirical Evidence from China’s Wind Power Sector 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We provide a comprehensive framework of analyzing the diffusion process of renewable technology, incorporating epidemic and pecuniary effects. Relying on a panel dataset consisting of information from 1207 CDM wind projects ...
    • Market and policy risk under different renewable electricity support schemes 

      Boomsma, Trine Krogh; Linnerud, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Worldwide, renewable electricity projects are granted production support to ensure competitiveness. Depending on the design of these support schemes, the cash inflows to investment projects will be more or less exposed to ...
    • Mean-curvature watersheds: A simple method for segmentation of a digital elevation model into terrain units 

      Romstad, Bård; Etzelmuller, Bernd (Journal article, 2012)
      Terrain segmentation is the process of subdividing a continuous terrain surface into discrete terrain units. If the resulting units represent meaningful geomorphic objects the approach may facilitate studies of not only ...
    • Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions 

      Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Solomon, Susan; Friedlingstein, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Policy makers have called for a 'fair and ambitious' global climate agreement. Scientific constraints, such as the allowable carbon emissions to avoid exceeding a 2 °C global warming limit with 66% probability, can help ...
    • Measuring precipitation in Eastern Himalaya: Ground validation of eleven satellite, model and gauge interpolated gridded products 

      Kumar, Manish; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Sen, Sumit; Badiger, Shrinivas; Krishnaswamy, Jagdish (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Precipitation plays a key role in shaping land surface processes in Himalaya. It is also the most challenging meteorological variable to model in climate change studies due to inadequate ground data. Gridded Precipitation ...
    • Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes 

      Shine, Keith P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed ...
    • Model Validity and Transferability Informing Behavioral Energy Policies 

      Kontogianni, Areti; Damigos, Dimitris; Skourtos, Michail; Tourkolias, Christos; Denny, Eleanor; Galarraga, Ibon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Lakic, Edin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      A number of microeconomic choice models are currently applied to demonstrate systematic biases in energy consumer behavior. The models highlight the hidden potential of energy savings from policies that target the so-called ...
    • Moving small crafts and services enterprises towards green mobility practices: The role of change agents 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Denstadli, Jon Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The uptake of electric vans in professional enterprises has been slow, and the interest in electric mobility is low compared to that of private consumers. To understand critical barriers, resistance, motivations and drivers ...
    • Moving Towards Electrification of Workers’ Transportation: Identifying Key Motives for the Adoption of Electric Vans 

      Denstadli, Jon Martin; Julsrud, Tom Erik (Journal article, 2019)
      The large-scale diffusion of low-emission vehicles is required to increase the sustainability of the transport system. Statistics show strong and continued growth in the sales of electric and other low-emission vehicles ...
    • Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, W; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, M.; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Mulmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Prather, Michael J.; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schnell, Jordan; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Over the past few decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and air pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting ...
    • Nasjonale drivkrefter i USAs klimapolitikk 

      Skodvin, Tora; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Da Obama overtok som president i 2009, var ett av hovedmålene å styrke amerikansk klimapolitikk. Fem år senere er målet fortsatt ikke blitt realisert. For å forklare denne manglende måloppnåelsen undersøker vi tre forhold: ...
    • Nasjonale drivkrefter i USAs klimapolitikk 

      Skodvin, Tora; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Da Obama overtok som president i 2009, var ett av hovedmålene å styrke amerikansk klimapolitikk. Fem år senere er målet fortsatt ikke blitt realisert. For å forklare denne manglende måloppnåelsen undersøker vi tre forhold: ...
    • National specialization policy versus farmers’ priorities: Balancing subsistence farming and cash cropping in Nepal 

      Holmelin, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Nepali Government is currently implementing policies for a radical agricultural transformation into large-scale, mechanized, specialized and commercial farming. However, the peasants prioritize diversified subsistence ...
    • Norwegian mayoral awareness of and attitudes towards climate change 

      Orderud, Geir; Kelman, Ilan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      The willingness of local politicians to implement measures for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to emerging conditions is essential for successful climate change policies. This article reports findings from a ...
    • Observational Evidence of Increasing Global Radiative Forcing 

      Kramer, Ryan J.; He, Haozhe; Soden, Brian J.; Oreopoulos, Lazaros; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Smith, Christopher J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Changes in atmospheric composition, such as increasing greenhouse gases, cause an initial radiative imbalance to the climate system, quantified as the instantaneous radiative forcing. This fundamental metric has not been ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...