Now showing items 27-46 of 348

    • Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK 

      Bang, Guri; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Böhringer, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Europe’s two largest economies – Germany and the UK – are phasing out coal from electricity production as part of European efforts to fulfil increased climate policy ambitions that require comprehensive energy system ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Business Models for Negative Emissions From Waste-to-Energy Plants 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Negative emissions of carbon dioxide will likely be needed to meet the <2°C warming above the pre-industrial level goal of the Paris Agreement. A major technology option is combining Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and ...
    • BVOC-aerosol-climate feedbacks investigated using NorESM 

      Sporre, Moa Kristina; Blichner, Sara Marie; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Makkonen, Risto; Berntsen, Terje Koren (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Both higher temperatures and increased CO2 con centrations are (separately) expected to increase the emis sions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). This has been proposed to initiate negative climate feedback ...
    • California?s cap-and-trade system: Diffusion and lessons 

      Bang, Guri; Victor, David G.; Andresen, Steinar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article investigates the roles of policy diffusion and policy learning in shaping the design of California’s cap-and-trade system. On the surface, it is very similar to other cap-and-trade programs, but in practice ...
    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Car sharing and transformations in households travel patterns: Insights from emerging proto-practices in Norway 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Farstad, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Over the last decades car sharing has been recognized as a socio-technical innovation that can help to reduce or replace the use of fossil-fueled private cars in urban regions. To understand how car sharing may be used in ...
    • Carbon dioxide removal policy in the making: Assessing developments in 9 OECD cases 

      Schenuit, Felix; Colvin, Rebecca; Fridahl, Mathias; McMullin, Barry; Reisinger, Andy; Sanchez, Daniel L.; Smith, Stephen M.; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Wreford, Anita; Geden, Oliver (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Since the adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015, spurred by the 2018 IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C, net zero emission targets have emerged as a new organizing principle of climate policy. In this context, ...
    • Caribbean Small-Scale Fishers’ Strategies for Extreme Weather Events: Lessons for Adaptive Capacity from the Dominican Republic and Belize 

      Karlsson, Marianne; McLean, Elizabeth L (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Understanding how Caribbean small-scale fishers can adapt to climate change is critical to sustaining coastal communities and livelihoods in the region. Fishers continuously adapt their practices to climate variability and ...
    • Challenges in the harmonisation of global integrated assessment models: A comprehensive methodology to reduce model response heterogeneity 

      Giarola, Sara; Mittal, Shivika; Vielle, Marc; Perdana, Sigit; Campagnolo, Lorenza; Delpiazzo, Elisa; Bui, Ha; Kraavi, Annela Anger; Kolpakov, Andrey; Sognnæs, Ida Andrea Braathen; Peters, Glen Philip; Hawkes, Adam; Köberle, Alexandre C.; Grant, Neil; Gambhir, Ajay; Nikas, Alexandros; Doukas, Haris; Moreno, Jorge; van de Ven, Dirk-Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Harmonisation sets the ground to a solid inter-comparison of integrated assessment models. A clear and transparent harmonisation process promotes a consistent interpretation of the modelling outcomes divergences and, ...
    • Changes in temporal inequality of precipitation extremes over China due to anthropogenic forcings 

      Duan, Weili; Zou, Shan; Christidis, Nikolaos; Schaller, Nathalie; Chen, Yaning; Sahu, Netrananda; Li, Zhi; Fang, Gonghuan; Zhou, Botao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Based on the Gini-coefficients, this study has presented an analysis of the impacts of anthropogenic forcing on the temporal inequality (i.e., increase in unevenness or disparity) of precipitation amounts (PRCPTOT), intensity ...
    • Changing climate change: The carbon budget and the modifying-work of the IPCC 

      Lahn, Bård Lappegård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Over the last 10 years, the concept of a global ‘carbon budget’ of allowable CO2 emissions has become ubiquitous in climate science and policy. Since it was brought to prominence by the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC, ...
    • Climate Change and International Relations (After Kyoto) 

      Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This review “diagnoses” climate change as an international governance challenge and explores the political feasibility of alternative “cures.” Human activities’ growing effect on Earth's climate system is extremely ...
    • Climate Change and International Relations (After Kyoto) 

      Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This review “diagnoses” climate change as an international governance challenge and explores the political feasibility of alternative “cures.” Human activities’ growing effect on Earth's climate system is extremely ...
    • Climate change effects on hydrometeorological compound events over southern Norway 

      Poschlod, Benjamin; Zscheischler, Jakob; Sillmann, Jana; Wood, Raul R.; Ludwig, Ralf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Hydrometeorological compound events cause severe economical, societal and environmental damage, but their investigation is difficult as they occur rarely and are multivariate. Here we use 50 high-resolution climate simulations ...