Now showing items 239-258 of 922

    • East Renewable 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:018, Report, 2019-06-12)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Eastnine 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2020:037, Report, 2020-09-24)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Economic impacts of climate change on tuna fisheries in Fiji Islands and Kiribati 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Sygna, Linda (CICERO Report;2000:04, Research report, 2000)
      This paper discusses the possible economic consequences of a change in the tuna fisheries in the Pacific Ocean resulting from climate change. On the background of Lehodey's (2000) study of potential changes in the tuna ...
    • Effect of European post-Kyoto Climate Policies on Nordic Air Quality 

      Rypdal, Kristin; Rive, Nathan; Aunan, Kristin; Åström, Stefan; Bak, Jesper L.; Karvosenoja, Niko; Kupiainen, Kaarle (CICERO Report;2007:01, Research report, 2007)
      Stricter commitments for GHG emissions in the post-Kyoto period will contribute to reduced emissions of air pollutants in the Nordic countries, avoided costs for end-of-pipe abatement to reach a specific target, and benefits ...
    • The effect of rapid adjustments to halocarbons and N2O on radiative forcing 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Kramer, Ryan J.; Shine, Keith P.; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Greg; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Rapid adjustments occur after initial perturbation of an external climate driver (e.g., CO2) and involve changes in, e.g. atmospheric temperature, water vapour and clouds, independent of sea surface temperature changes. ...
    • Effectiveness of integrated low-carbon technologies: Evidence from a pilot agricultural experiment in Shanghai 

      Fan, Chunzeng; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Purpose – Constructing a low-carbon agriculture park is considered an effective means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. This study explores the effectiveness of integrated low-carbon agricultural ...
    • Effects of anthropogenic emissions on tropospheric ozone and its radiative forcing 

      Berntsen, Terje Koren; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Myhre, Gunnar; Larsen, T. Alsvik; Stordal, Frode; Freckleton, R. S.; Shine, Keith P. (CICERO Report;1997:02, Research report, 1997)
      Tropospheric ozone changes since pre-industrial times due to changes in emissions have been calculated by the University of Oslo global 3-D photochemical model. The radiative forcing caused by the increase in ozone has ...
    • Effects of reductions in stratospheric ozone on tropospheric chemistry through changes in photolysis rates 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Jonson, J. E.; Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Report;1993:05, Research report, 1993)
      The observed reductions in stratospheric ozone since the late 1970s are likely to have affected the penetration of UV radiation into the troposphere. We have examined the sensitivity and the response of the tropospheric ...
    • Effects on consumer demand patterns of falling prices in telecommunication 

      Holtsmark, Bjart; Aasness, Jørgen (CICERO Working Paper;1995:08, Working paper, 1995)
      The relentless technological change in telecommunication industry is forcing down many of the cost elements of a telephone call. Already, the marginal costs of the use of telecommunication networks are so low that these ...
    • Effektiv klimakommunikasjon -Trender og fakta 2018 

      Arnslett, Astrid; Bjørnæs, Christian; Lannoo, Elisabeth (CICERO Report;2018:09, Research report, 2018-08-14)
      Dersom vi skal klare å holde den globale oppvarmingen godt under 2°C og helst under 1,5°C slik Parisavtalen sier, så haster det å gjennomføre det grønne skriftet. Vi vet omtrentlig hva som må gjøres, og mye av politikken ...
    • Effektiv klimapolitikk etter Rio 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;1993:01, Working paper, 1993)
    • Efficient contracts in a game of nations pursuing greenhouse gas emissions abatement 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1993:03, Working paper, 1993)
    • Efficient incomplete international climate agreements 

      Golombek, Rolf; Hagem, Cathrine; Hoel, Michael (CICERO Working Paper;1993:04, Working paper, 1993)
    • Efficient international climate agreements in the presence of free riders 

      Hoel, Michael (CICERO Working Paper;1992:07, Working paper, 1992)
    • Eidsiva 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:039, Report, 2019-10-11)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Ekstremværsituasjoner og transporteffekter: Næringslivets transporttilpasninger til klimaendringer 

      Askildsen, Thorkel C (CICERO Report;2004:10, Research report, 2004)
      Rapporten ser på hvordan klimaendringer vil påvirke godstransportstrømmene, noe som igjen reiser det påfølgende spørsmålet om hvordan aktørene, altså vareproduserende og konsumerende næringsliv samt transportbransjen, ...
    • Electing Cropland Management as an Article 3.4 Activity under the Kyoto Protocol: Considerations for Norway 

      Rypdal, Kristin; Rasse, Daniel; Grønland, Arne; Tomter, S. (CICERO Policy Note;2006:01, Working paper, 2006)
      By the end of 2006, Norway will need to decide whether to seek credits for 3.4 activities under the Kyoto Protocol, of which Cropland Management is one option. Electing cropland management as an Article 3.4 activity requires ...
    • Electricity consumption: should there be a limit? Implications of people’s attitudes for the forming of sustainable energy policies 

      Westskog, Hege; Winther, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      The aim of this paper is to examine people’s attitudes towards electricity and electricity consumption within the Norwegian market context. The empirical material is based on 18 in-depth interviews and eight focus group ...
    • Electrolux 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:006, Report, 2019-03-11)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Manufacturing, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Elemental carbon measurements in European Arctic snow packs 

      Forsström, S.; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Ström, Johan; Pedersen, CA; Hudson, S.R.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Lihavainen, H.; Godtliebsen, Fred; Gerland, Sebastian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      [1] Black carbon (BC) and other light-absorbing particles deposited on snow and ice are known to perturb the surface radiative balance. There are few published observations of the concentration of these particles in the ...