Now showing items 82-101 of 977

    • Avgifter som virkemiddel i klimapolitikken i noen europeiske land 

      Kasa, Sjur (CICERO Policy Note;2000:01, Working paper, 2000)
      Mens bruken av avgifter som virkemiddel i klimapolitikken overfor næringslivet har hatt motvind i Norge de siste årene, har flere europeiske land siden begynnelsen av 90-tallet vist stigende interesse for å skattlegge ...
    • Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK 

      Bang, Guri; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Böhringer, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Europe’s two largest economies – Germany and the UK – are phasing out coal from electricity production as part of European efforts to fulfil increased climate policy ambitions that require comprehensive energy system ...
    • Barrierer for klimatilpasning på lokalt og regionalt nivå 

      Vindegg, Mikkel; Christensen, Ingrid; All, Carlo; Arnslett, Astrid; Tønnesen, Anders; Klemetsen, Marit; Temesgen, Amsale Kassahun; Hovelsrud, Grete K.; Selseng, Torbjørn (CICERO Report;2022:03, Report, 2022-05)
      På oppdrag fra Miljødirektoratet har CICERO, Vestlandsforskning og Nordlandsforskning gjennomført en studie av barrierer for klimatilpasning på lokalt og regionalt nivå. Studien består av en kunnskapssammenstilling om ...
    • Bergens klimagassutslipp mot 2030 - Referansebane og mulighetsscenarier 

      Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Madslien, Anne; Romundstad, Reidun Marie; Aamaas, Borgar (CICERO Report;2020:08, Report, 2020-10)
      CICERO og TØI har laget en modell for framskrivinger av klimagassutslipp i Bergen, på oppdrag fra Bergen kommune. Modellen er brukt til å konstruere en referansebane for klimagassutslipp fram til 2030, og tre mulighetsscenarier ...
    • Bergenshalvøens Kommunale Kraftselskap (BKK) 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2014:005, Report, 2014-09-23)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Not shaded
    • Betingete posisjoner i klimaforhandlingene 

      Hovi, Jon; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1997:09, Working paper, 1997)
    • A better integration of health and economic impact assessments of climate change 

      Orlov, Anton; Schleypen, Jessie; Aunan, Kristin; Sillmann, Jana; Gasparrini, Antonio; Mistry, Malcolm N. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2024)
      Climate change could lead to high economic burden for individuals (i.e. low income and high prices). While economic conditions are important determinants of climate change vulnerability, environmental epidemiological studies ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Betydningen av CF4 og C2F6 som klimagasser 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Policy Note;1991:01, Working paper, 1991)
    • Betydningen av kommunal klimapolitikk. Virkemidler, potensial og barrierer 

      Vevatne, Jonas; Westskog, Hege; Hauge, Karen Evelyn (CICERO Report;2005:06, Research report, 2005)
      Denne rapporten viser at kommunene besitter viktige klimavirkemidler og at potensialet for det lokale klimaarbeidet er av betydning. De spiller en viktig rolle i reduksjon av utslipp knyttet til valg av boligmønster og ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Biological effects of climate change: An introduction to the field and a survey of current research 

      Kristiansen, Gørill (CICERO Report;1993:03, Research report, 1993)
      This report presents a survey of international (Chapter 2) as well as national research activities within 13 selected countries (Chapter 3) in the field of biological effects of climate change. In addition, a brief overview ...
    • Black carbon aerosol reductions during COVID-19 confinement quantified by aircraft measurements over Europe 

      Krüger, Ovid O.; Holanda, Bruna A.; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Pozzer, Andrea; Walter, David; Pöhlker, Christopher; Hernández, Maria Dolores Andrés; Burrows, John P.; Voigt, Christiane; Lelieveld, Jos; Quaas, Johannes; Pöschl, Ulrich; Pöhlker, Mira L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The abrupt reduction in human activities during the first lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented atmospheric conditions. To quantify the changes in lower tropospheric air pollution, we conducted the BLUESKY ...
    • Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Broadening the climate regime: Design and feasibility of multi-stage climate agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bang, Guri; Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:02, Research report, 2005)
      To meet a climate target like maximum 2 ºC temperature increase by 2100, participation in efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases must be broader than that in the Kyoto Protocol. It will also require emission ...
    • Bruk av delte og selvkjørende kjøretøy i norske boligområder: hva synes innbyggerne? 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Kallbekken, Steffen (CICERO Policy Note;2021:01, Working paper, 2021)
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Criteria for evaluation and development of burden-sharing rules 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Working Paper;2000:01, Working paper, 2000)
      This article discusses nine criteria for evaluation of potential Burden Sharing Rules (BSRs) in climate policy agreements. Three of the criteria reflect fairness principles while six of them are operational requirements. ...
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Fairness principles and proposals 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Working Paper;1999:13, Working paper, 1999)
      This report is the second working paper of the joint CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo) and ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) project ‘Rules for Burden Differentiation of ...