• Global and regional trends of atmospheric sulfur 

      Aas, Wenche; Mortier, Augustin; Bowersox, Van C.; Cherian, Ribu; Faluvegi, Greg; Fagerli, Hilde; Hand, Jenny; Klimont, Zbigniew; Galy-Lacaux, Corinne; Lehmann, Christopher M. B.; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Sato, Keiichi; Quaas, Johannes; Rao, P.S.P.; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stein, Ariel; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana; Vet, Robert; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The profound changes in global SO2 emissions over the last decades have affected atmospheric composition on a regional and global scale with large impact on air quality, atmospheric deposition and the radiative forcing of ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2016 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Manning, Andrew C; Boden, Thomas A; Tans, Pieter P; Houghton, Richard A; Keeling, Ralph F; Alin, Simone; Andrews, Oliver D; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frederic; Chini, Louise P; Ciais, Philippe; Currie, Kim; Delire, Christine; Doney, Scott C; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Hoppema, Mario; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Jain, Atul K; Kato, Etsushi; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschutzer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Melton, Joe R; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank; Monteiro, Pedro M S; Munro, David R; Nabel, Julia E M S; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Omar, Abdirahman; Pierrot, Denis; Ono, Tsuneo; Poulter, Benjamin; Rödenbeck, Christian; Salisbury, Joe; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Seferian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D; Sutton, Adrienne J; Takahashi, Taro; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid T; Van Der Werf, Guido R; Viovy, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P; Wiltshire, Andrew J; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global carbon budget 2019 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Matthew W.; O'Sullivan, Michael; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bastos, Ana; Bastrikov, Vladislav; Becker, Meike; Bopp, Laurent; Buitenhuis, Erik; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Currie, Kim I.; Feely, Richard A.; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Goll, Daniel S.; Gruber, Nicolas; Gutekunst, Sören; Harris, Ian; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Hurtt, George; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kaplan, Jed O.; Kato, Etsushi; Goldewijk, Kees Klein; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschutzer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; McGuire, Patrick C.; Melton, Joe R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Neill, Craig; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Peregon, Anna; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Séférian, Roland; Schwinger, Jörg; Smith, Naomi; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Tubiello, Francesco N.; van der Werf, Guido R.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sönke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2020 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; O'Sullivan, Michael; Jones, Matthew W.; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Olsen, Are; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone; Aragão, Luiz E.O.C.; Arneth, Almut; Arora, Vivek K.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Benoit-Cattin, Alice; Bittig, Henry C.; Bopp, Laurent; Bultan, Selma; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Evans, Wiley; Florentie, Liesbeth; Forster, Piers M.; Gasser, Thomas; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Harris, Ian; Hartung, Kerstin; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kadono, Koji; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschützer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Liu, Zhu; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Niwa, Yosuke; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Palmer, Paul I.; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Ben; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Smith, Adam J.P.; Sutton, Adrienne; Tanhua, Toste; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Werf, Guido; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew; Willis, David; Wiltshire, Andy; Yuan, Wenping; Yue, Xu; Zaehle, Sönke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better ...
    • Global CO2 uptake by cement from 1930 to 2019 

      Guo, Rui; Wang, Jiaoyue; Bing, Longfei; Tong, Dan; Ciais, Philippe; Davis, Steven J.; Andrew, Robbie; Xi, Fengming; Liu, Zhu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Because of the alkaline nature and high calcium content of cements in general, they serve as a CO2- absorbing agent through carbonation processes, resembling silicate weathering in nature. This carbon uptake capacity of ...
    • Global Economic Responses to Heat Stress Impacts on Worker Productivity in Crop Production 

      Orlov, Anton; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Sillmann, Jana; Thiery, Wim; Douzal, Clara; Lejeune, Quentin; Schleussner, Carl (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The impacts of climate change on the food system are a key concern for societies and policy makers globally. Assessments of the biophysical impacts of crop productivity show modest but uncertain impacts. But crop growth ...
    • Global fossil carbon emissions rebound near pre-COVID-19 levels 

      Jackson, R.B.; Friedlingstein, P.; Le Quéré, Quere; Abernethy, S.; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, J.G.; Ciais, P.; Davis, S.J.; Deng, Zhu; Liu, Zhu; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Fossil CO2 emissions in 2021 grew an estimated 4.2% (3.5%–4.8%) to 36.2 billion metric tons compared with 2020, pushing global emissions back close to 2019 levels (36.7 Gt CO2).
    • The global methane budget 2000-2017 

      Saunois, Marielle; Stavert, Ann R.; Poulter, Ben; Bousquet, Philippe; Canadell, Josep G.; Jackson, Robert B.; Raymond, Peter A.; Dlugokencky, Edward J.; Houweling, Sander; Patra, Prabir K.; Ciais, Philippe; Arora, Vivek K.; Bastviken, David; Bergamaschi, Peter; Blake, Donald R.; Brailsford, Gordon; Bruhwiler, Lori; Carlson, Kimberly M.; Carrol, Mark; Castaldi, Simona; Chandra, Naveen; Crevoisier, Cyril; Crill, Patrick M.; Covey, Kristofer; Curry, Charles L.; Etiope, Giuseppe; Frankenberg, Christian; Gedney, Nicola; Hegglin, Michaela I.; Hoglund-Isaksson, Lena; Hugelius, Gustaf; Ishizawa, Misa; Ito, Akihiko; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Jensen, Katherine M.; Joos, Fortunat; Kleinen, Thomas; Krummel, Paul B.; Langenfelds, Ray L.; Laruelle, Goulven G.; Liu, Licheng; Machida, Toshinobu; Maksyutov, Shamil; McDonald, Kyle C.; McNorton, Joe; Miller, Paul A.; Melton, Joe R.; Morino, Isamu; Müller, Jurek; Murguia-Flores, Fabiola; Naik, Vaishali; Niwa, Yosuke; Noce, Sergio; O'Doherty, Simon; Parker, Robert J.; Peng, Changhui; Peng, Shushi; Peters, Glen Philip; Prigent, Catherine; Prinn, Ronald G.; Ramonet, Michel; Regnier, Pierre; Riley, William J.; Rosentreter, Judith A.; Segers, Arjo; Simpson, Isobel J.; Shi, Hao; Smith, Steven J.; Steele, L. Paul; Thornton, Brett F.; Tian, Hanqin; Tohjima, Yasunori; Tubiello, Francesco N.; Tsuruta, Aki; Viovy, Nicolas; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Weber, Thomas S.; Van Weele, Michiel; Van Der Werf, Guido R.; Weiss, Ray F.; Worthy, Doug; Wunch, Debra; Yin, Yi; Yoshida, Yukio; Zhang, Wenxin; Zhang, Zhen; Zhao, Yuanhong; Zheng, Bo; Zhu, Qing; Zhu, Qiuan; Zhuang, Qianlai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Understanding and quantifying the global methane (CH4) budget is important for assessing realistic pathways to mitigate climate change. Atmospheric emissions and concentrations of CH4 continue to increase, making CH4 the ...
    • A global model–measurement evaluation of particle light scattering coefficients at elevated relative humidity, 

      Burgos, María A.; Andrews, Elisabeth; Titos, Gloria; Benedetti, Angela; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Curci, Gabriele; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Laakso, Anton; Letertre-Danczak, Julie; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Myhre, Gunnar; Randles, Cynthia; Schulz, Michael; Noije, Twan van; Zhang, Kai; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Baltensperger, Urs; Jefferson, Anne; Sherman, James; Sun, Junying; Weingartner, Ernest; Zieger, Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The uptake of water by atmospheric aerosols has a pronounced effect on particle light scattering properties, which in turn are strongly dependent on the ambient relative humidity (RH). Earth system models need to account ...
    • Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change 

      Silva, Raquel A.; West, J. Jason; Zhang, Yuqiang; Anenberg, Susan C.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Shindell, Drew T.; Collins, William J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, Greg; Folberth, Gerd; Horowitz, Larry W.; Nagashima, Tatasuya; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, Steven; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, Philip; Cionni, Irene; Doherty, Ruth M.; Eyring, Veronika; Josse, Béatrice; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Plummer, David; Righi, Mattia; Stevenson, David S.; Strode, Sarah; Szopa, Sophie; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    • Globalization of the automobile industry in China: Dynamics and barriers in the greening of road transportation 

      Gan, Lin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:09, Working paper, 2001)
      This article describes the state of the automobile industry and urban road transportation management in China. It reviews how the automobile industry is evolving to respond to challenges in economic development, environmental ...
    • GRACE model and applications 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Orlov, Anton; Wei, Taoyuan; Glomsrød, Solveig (CICERO Reports;2018:01, Research report, 2018-01-29)
      This report is a documentation of the GRACE model. GRACE is a computable general equilibrium model aimed at supporting studies of the global consequences of human activities that affect the drivers of climate change. The ...
    • Gratiskvoter til industrien - ikke så enkelt 

      Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Policy Note;1999:06, Working paper, 1999)
      Stortinget ønsker et norsk marked for omsettelige utslippskvoter for klimagasser og et offentlig utvalg (Kvoteutvalget) utreder mulighetene for å etablere et marked. Et vanskelig tema er gratiskvoter som virkemiddel for å ...
    • Green Bonds and Environmental Integrity: Insights from CICERO Second Opinions 

      Clapp, Christa; Alfsen, Knut H.; Lund, Harald Francke; Pillay, Kamleshan (CICERO Policy Note;2016:01, Policy Note, 2016)
      This policy note shares insights from CICERO's experience in producing over 60 second opinions. Insights on the environmental integrity of green bonds include: 1) Management that is aligned for climate risk can give greater ...
    • Green Cargo 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:040, Report, 2019-10-16)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Transportation, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Green electricity investment timing in practice: Real options or net present value? 

      Fleten, Stein-Erik; Linnerud, Kristin; Molnar, Peter; Nygård, Maria Tandberg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Using data from 214 hydropower projects in Norway we study whether investors in renewable energy projects exert discretion about the timing of investment decisions. We know from interviews with these investors that they ...
    • Green Electricity Market Development in the United States: Policy Analysis and Case Studies 

      Menz, Fredric C. (CICERO Working Paper;2004:02, Working paper, 2004)
      This paper reviews green electricity development in the United States, focusing on policies that have been enacted to promote green electricity. Green power is a term that refers to electricity generated from particular ...
    • Green Electricity Market Development: Lessons from Europe and the U.S. and Implications for Norway 

      Gan, Lin; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Kolshus, Hans H.; Birkeland, Harald; van Rooijen, Sascha; van Wees, Mark (CICERO Report;2005:03, Research report, 2005)
      Various approaches to promoting green electricity were analyzed through the cases of Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the United States. How has green electricity market penetration evolved, and what were the main ...
    • Green electricity policy in the Netherlands: An analysis of policy decisions 

      van Rooijen, Sascha; van Wees, Mark (CICERO Working Paper;2003:08, Working paper, 2003)
      Over the last decades, fundamental changes in both market conditions and the national and international policy framework in the Netherlands can be observed. The Dutch Government has intervened in markets regularly, ...
    • GREEN GROWTH: Policies for Transition Towards Low Carbon Economies 

      Moe, Thorvald (CICERO Policy Note;2012:01, Working paper, 2012)