Now showing items 106-125 of 1169

    • Betydningen av CF4 og C2F6 som klimagasser 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Policy Note;1991:01, Working paper, 1991)
    • Betydningen av kommunal klimapolitikk. Virkemidler, potensial og barrierer 

      Vevatne, Jonas; Westskog, Hege; Hauge, Karen Evelyn (CICERO Report;2005:06, Research report, 2005)
      Denne rapporten viser at kommunene besitter viktige klimavirkemidler og at potensialet for det lokale klimaarbeidet er av betydning. De spiller en viktig rolle i reduksjon av utslipp knyttet til valg av boligmønster og ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Biological effects of climate change: An introduction to the field and a survey of current research 

      Kristiansen, Gørill (CICERO Report;1993:03, Research report, 1993)
      This report presents a survey of international (Chapter 2) as well as national research activities within 13 selected countries (Chapter 3) in the field of biological effects of climate change. In addition, a brief overview ...
    • Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Bluefield Sole ITA 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-03-18)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Boliden 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-05-25)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Manufacturing, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Bonnier Fastigheter 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2021-04-22)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Bpifrance 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2021-02-02)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Banking, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Dark Green
    • Brage Finans 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2020:003, Report, 2020-01-16)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Banking, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Dark Green
    • Broadening the climate regime: Design and feasibility of multi-stage climate agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bang, Guri; Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:02, Research report, 2005)
      To meet a climate target like maximum 2 ºC temperature increase by 2100, participation in efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases must be broader than that in the Kyoto Protocol. It will also require emission ...
    • Bruce Power 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2021-07-16)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Bruk av delte og selvkjørende kjøretøy i norske boligområder: hva synes innbyggerne? 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Kallbekken, Steffen (CICERO Policy note;2021:01, Report, 2021)
    • Bulk Infrastructure Group 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-06-09)
      Category: Second Opinion, Information and communication technology (ICT): Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Criteria for evaluation and development of burden-sharing rules 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Working Paper;2000:01, Working paper, 2000)
      This article discusses nine criteria for evaluation of potential Burden Sharing Rules (BSRs) in climate policy agreements. Three of the criteria reflect fairness principles while six of them are operational requirements. ...
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Fairness principles and proposals 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Working Paper;1999:13, Working paper, 1999)
      This report is the second working paper of the joint CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo) and ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) project ‘Rules for Burden Differentiation of ...
    • Burden differentiation: GHG emissions, undercurrents and mitigation costs 

      Ybema, J.R.; Battjes, J.J.; Jansen, J.C.; Ormel, F.T. (CICERO Working Paper;1999:14, Working paper, 1999)
    • Business as UNusual: the implications of fossil divestment and green bonds for financial flows, economic growth and energy market 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan (CICERO Working Paper;2016:01, Working paper, 2016)
      Green bonds and fossil divestment has emerged as a bottom-up approach to climate action within the business community. Recent pledges by large banks and institutional investors have reached levels that have the potential ...