Now showing items 222-241 of 348

    • Nasjonale drivkrefter i USAs klimapolitikk 

      Skodvin, Tora; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Da Obama overtok som president i 2009, var ett av hovedmålene å styrke amerikansk klimapolitikk. Fem år senere er målet fortsatt ikke blitt realisert. For å forklare denne manglende måloppnåelsen undersøker vi tre forhold: ...
    • Nasjonale drivkrefter i USAs klimapolitikk 

      Skodvin, Tora; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Da Obama overtok som president i 2009, var ett av hovedmålene å styrke amerikansk klimapolitikk. Fem år senere er målet fortsatt ikke blitt realisert. For å forklare denne manglende måloppnåelsen undersøker vi tre forhold: ...
    • National specialization policy versus farmers’ priorities: Balancing subsistence farming and cash cropping in Nepal 

      Holmelin, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Nepali Government is currently implementing policies for a radical agricultural transformation into large-scale, mechanized, specialized and commercial farming. However, the peasants prioritize diversified subsistence ...
    • Norwegian mayoral awareness of and attitudes towards climate change 

      Orderud, Geir; Kelman, Ilan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      The willingness of local politicians to implement measures for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to emerging conditions is essential for successful climate change policies. This article reports findings from a ...
    • Observational Evidence of Increasing Global Radiative Forcing 

      Kramer, Ryan J.; He, Haozhe; Soden, Brian J.; Oreopoulos, Lazaros; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Smith, Christopher J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Changes in atmospheric composition, such as increasing greenhouse gases, cause an initial radiative imbalance to the climate system, quantified as the instantaneous radiative forcing. This fundamental metric has not been ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...
    • One world or two? Science–policy interactions in the climate field 

      Sundqvist, G.; Gasper, Des; St. Clair, Asuncion; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Yearley, Steven; Tvedten, Irene Øvstebø; Wynne, Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article assesses how science–policy interactions are conceptualized in the social sciences with special reference to climate change and the IPCC. In terms of the dimension of distance (or proximity) between science ...
    • Pastoral herding strategies and governmental management objectives: predation compensation as a risk buffering strategy in the Saami reindeer husbandry 

      Næss, Marius Warg; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Pedersen, Elisabeth; Tveraa, Torkild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Previously it has been found that an important risk buffering strategy in the Saami reindeer husbandry in Norway is the accumulation of large herds of reindeer as this increases long-term household viability. Nevertheless, ...
    • Percentile indices for assessing changes in heavy precipitation events 

      Schaer, Christoph; Ban, Nikolina; Fischer, Erich M.; Rajczak, Jan; Schmidli, Juerg; Frei, Christoph; Giorgi, Filippo; Karl, Thomas R.; Kendon, Elisabeth J.; Klein Tank, Albert M. G.; O'Gorman, Paul A.; Sillmann, Jana; Zhang, Xuebin; Zwiers, Francis W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Many climate studies assess trends and projections in heavy precipitation events using precipitation percentile (or quantile) indices. Here we investigate three different percentile indices that are commonly used. We ...
    • Personal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Delta 

      Hansen, Mette Halskov; Aunan, Kristin; Hu, Ruolan; Wang, Shuxiao; Liu, Zhaohui; Zhao, M.J.; Chen, L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      High levels of PM2.5 exposure and associated health risks are of great concern in rural China. For this study, we used portable PM2.5 monitors for monitoring concentrations online, recorded personal time‐activity patterns, ...
    • Personal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Delta 

      Hansen, Mette Halskov; Aunan, Kristin; Hu, Ruolan; Wang, Shuxiao; Liu, Zhaohui; Zhao, M.J.; Chen, L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      High levels of PM2.5 exposure and associated health risks are of great concern in rural China. For this study, we used portable PM2.5 monitors for monitoring concentrations online, recorded personal time‐activity patterns, ...
    • Perspective of comprehensive and comprehensible multi-model energy and climate science in Europe 

      Nikas, A.; Gambhir, A.; Trutnevyte, E.; Koasidis, K.; Lund, H.; Thellufsen, J.Z.; Mayer, D.; Zachmann, G.; Miguel, L.J.; Ferreras-Alonso, N.; Sognnæs, Ida Andrea Braathen; Peters, Glen Philip; Colombo, Emanuela; Howells, M.; Hawkes, A.; van den Broek, M; Van de Ven, D.J; Gonzalez-Eguino, M.; Flamos, A.; Doukas, H. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Europe’s capacity to explore the envisaged pathways that achieve its near- and long-term energy and climate objectives needs to be significantly enhanced. In this perspective, we discuss how this capacity is supported by ...
    • Perspectives on tipping points in integrated models of the natural and human Earth system: Cascading effects and telecoupling 

      Franzke, Christian L. E.; Ciullo, Alessio; Gilmore, Elisabeth A.; Matias, Denise Margaret; Nagabhatla, Nidhi; Orlov, Anton; Paterson, Shona K.; Scheffran, Jürgen; Sillmann, Jana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The Earth system and the human system are intrinsically linked. Anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions have led to the climate crisis, which is causing unprecedented extreme events and could trigger Earth system tipping ...
    • Policy invention and entrepreneurship: Bankrolling the burying of carbon in the EU 

      Boasson, Elin Lerum; Wettestad, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      This article presents the case of a policy invention where various kinds of entrepreneurship and a window of opportunity played important roles. In 2008 the EU adopted a new Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) policy with an ...
    • Possible Effects of Greenhouse Gases to Ozone Profiles and DNA Active UV-B Irradiance at Ground Level 

      Eleftheratos, Kostas; Kapsomenakis, John; Zerefos, Christos S.; Bais, Alkiviadis F.; Fountoulakis, Ilias; Dameris, Martin; Jöckel, Patrick; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Godin-Beekmann, Sophie; Steinbrecht, Wolfgang; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Brogniez, Colette; Leblanc, Thierry; Liley, J. Ben; Querel, Richard; Swart, Daan P.J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In this paper, we compare model calculations of ozone profiles and their variability for the period 1998 to 2016 with satellite and lidar profiles at five ground-based stations. Under the investigation is the temporal ...
    • Post-Paris policy relevance: lessons from the IPCC SR15 process 

      Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Lahn, Bård Lappegård; Sundqvist, Göran; Øye, Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Policy relevance is the raison d’être for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), yet few studies have analysed what the concept entails, not least from the perspective of key target groups for the IPCC. We ...
    • Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Young, P.J.; Archibald, A. T.; Bowman, K. W.; Lamarque, J. F.; Naik, V.; Stevenson, DS; Tilmes, S.; Voulgarakis, A.; Wild, O.; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Cionni, Irene; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, RM; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, B.; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; Plummer, D. A.; Righi, M.; Rumbold, Steven T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Strode, S.A.; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, Guangming (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Present day tropospheric ozone and its changes between 1850 and 2100 are considered, analysing 15 global models that participated in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP). The ensemble ...
    • Predicting Paris: Multi-Method Approaches to Forecast the Outcomes of Global Climate Negotiations 

      Sprinz, Detlef F.; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Kallbekken, Steffen; Stokman, Frans; Sælen, Håkon; Thomson, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We examine the negotiations held under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change in Paris, December 2015. Prior to these negotiations, there was considerable uncertainty about whether an ...
    • Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Naik, V; Voulgarakis, A; Fiore, AM; Horowitz, LW; Lamarque, JF; Lin, M; Prather, MJ; Young, PJ; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Cionni, I; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, R; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, GA; Josse, B; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; van Noije, TPC; Plummer, DA; Righi, M; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Stevenson, DS; Strode, S; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, G (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We have analysed time-slice simulations from 17 global models, participating in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), to explore changes in present-day (2000) hydroxyl radical (OH) ...
    • Public Attitudes Toward Climate Policies: The Effect of Institutional Contexts and Political Values 

      Aasen, Marianne; Vatn, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)