Now showing items 233-252 of 429

    • Kan karbonhåndtering redde klimaet? 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009)
    • Klimaklubbkvaler 

      Smith, Ida Dokk; Øverland, Indra; Lahn, Bård Lappegård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Norges internasjonale klimapolitikk har alltid hatt som målsetting å oppnå et mest mulig enhetlig globalt klimaregime. Parisavtalen reflekterer i stedet – og bidrar til å forsterke – et fragmentert klimaregime med et mylder ...
    • Land cover change in low-warming scenarios may enhance the climate role of secondary organic aerosols 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Rap, Alexandru; Myhre, Gunnar; Søvde, Ole Amund; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Most socioeconomic pathways compatible with the aims of the Paris Agreement include large changes to land use and land cover. The associated vegetation changes can interact with the atmosphere and climate through numerous ...
    • Land-atmosphere interactions in sub-polar and alpine climates in the CORDEX flagship pilot study Land Use and Climate Across Scales (LUCAS) models-Part 1: Evaluation of the snow-albedo effect 

      Daloz, Anne Sophie; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Mooney, Priscilla A.; Strada, Susanna; Rechid, Diana; Davin, Edouard L.; Katragkou, Eleni; De Noblet-Ducoudré, Nathalie; Belda, Michal; Halenka, Tomas; Breil, Marcus; Cardoso, Rita M.; Hoffmann, Peter; Lima, Daniela C. A.; Meier, Ronny; Soares, Pedro M. M.; Sofiadis, Giannis; Strandberg, Gustav; Toelle, Merja H.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Seasonal snow cover plays a major role in the climate system of the Northern Hemisphere via its effect on land surface albedo and fluxes. In climate models the parameterization of interactions between snow and atmosphere ...
    • Land–atmosphere interactions in sub-polar and alpine climates in the CORDEX Flagship Pilot Study Land Use and Climate Across Scales (LUCAS) models – Part 2: The role of changing vegetation 

      Mooney, Priscilla A.; Rechid, Diana; Davin, Edouard L.; Katragkou, Eleni; de Noblet-Ducoudré, Nathalie; Breil, Marcus; Cardosa, Rita M.; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Hoffmann, Peter; Lima, Daniela; Meier, R.; Soares, Pedro M.M.; Sofiadis, Giannis; Strada, Susanna; Strandberg, Gustav; Toelle, Merja; Lund, Marianne Tronstad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Land cover in sub-polar and alpine regions of northern and eastern Europe have already begun changing due to natural and anthropogenic changes such as afforestation. This will impact the regional climate and hydrology upon ...
    • Learning to accept welfare‑enhancing policies: an experimental investigation of congestion pricing 

      Janusch, Nicholas; Kroll, Stephan; Goemans, Christopher; Cherry, Todd; Kallbekken, Steffen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Welfare-enhancing policies such as congestion pricing are argued to improve efficiency in situations with externalities. Unfamiliarity and lack of any personal experience with such policies, however, can hinder their ...
    • Lessons from COVID-19 for managing transboundary climate risks and building resilience 

      Ringsmuth, Andrew K.; Otto, Ilona M.; van den Hurk, Bart; Lahn, Glada; Reyer, Christopher P.O.; Carter, Timothy R.; Magnuszewski, Piotr; Monasterolo, Irene; Aerts, Jeroen C.J.H.; Benzie, Magnus; Campiglio, Emanuele; Fronzek, Stefan; Gaupp, Franziska; Jarzabek, Lukasz; Klein, Richard J.T.; Knaepen, Hanne; Mechler, Reinhard; Mysiak, Jaroslav; Sillmann, Jana; Stuparu, Dana; West, Chris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      COVID-19 has revealed how challenging it is to manage global, systemic and compounding crises. Like COVID-19, climate change impacts, and maladaptive responses to them, have potential to disrupt societies at multiple scales ...
    • Like having an electric car on the roof: Domesticating PV solar panels in Norway 

      Winther, Tanja; Westskog, Hege; Sæle, Hanne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Worldwide, the number of electricity end-users who produce electricity and feed it to the grid, denoted ‘prosumers’, is increasing. Following innovations in policy, technology (e.g. inverters, smart meters), tariffing and ...
    • The limited influence of climate norms on leisure air travel 

      Aasen, Marianne; Thøgersen, John; Vatn, Arild; Dunlap, Riley; Fisher, Dana; Hellevik, Ottar; Stern, Paul C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This paper adds to our understanding of how people’s climate change concern and norms influence their leisure air travel. It does so by examining the roles of Norwegians’ beliefs about climate change and emissions from air ...
    • Limiting global warming to 1.5 °C will lower increases in inequalities of four hazard indicators of climate change 

      Shiogama, Hideo; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Murakami, Daisuke; Takahashi, Kiyoshi; Tanaka, Katsumasa; Emori, Seita; Kubota, Izumi; Abe, Manabu; Imada, Yukiko; Watanabe, Masahiro; Mitchell, Daniel; Schaller, Nathalie; Sillmann, Jana; Fischer, Erich; Scinocca, John F.; Bethke, Ingo; Lierhammer, Ludwig; Takakura, Jun'ya; Trautmann, Tim; Döll, Petra; Ostberg, Sebastian; Schmied, Hannes Müller; Saeed, Fahad; Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Clarifying characteristics of hazards and risks of climate change at 2 °C and 1.5 °C global warming is important for understanding the implications of the Paris Agreement. We perform and analyze large ensembles of 2 °C ...
    • Linking the emissions trading schemes of Europe and China - Combining climate and energy policy instruments 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Both Europe and China have announced targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction and renewable energy development. To achieve their emissions targets, Europe has introduced emissions trading scheme (ETS) since 2005 and ...
    • Local and remote temperature response of regional SO2 emissions 

      Lewinschal, Anna; Ekman, Annica M. L.; Hansson, Hans-Christen; Sand, Maria; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Langner, Joakim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Short-lived anthropogenic climate forcers (SLCFs), such as sulfate aerosols, affect both climate and air quality. Despite being short-lived, these forcers do not affect temperatures only locally; regions far away from the ...
    • Local biomass burning is a dominant cause of the observed precipitation reduction in southern Africa 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Sillmann, Jana; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations indicate a precipitation decline over large parts of southern Africa since the 1950s. Concurrently, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols have increased due to anthropogenic activities. ...
    • Look to Sweden: The making of a new renewable energy support scheme in Norway 

      Gullberg, Anne Therese; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Two renewable energy support schemes have spread across Europe: green certificate schemes (GCSs) and feed-in tariffs (FITs). After a decade-long policy-making process, Norwegian decision makers decided in 2011 to adopt a ...
    • Looking back and looking forward—adapting to extreme weather events in municipalities in western Norway 

      Amundsen, Helene; Dannevig, Halvor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In October 2014, an extreme precipitation event hit western Norway, which caused flooding, landslides and severe damage to infrastructure and houses. Climate model projections for western Norway show that heavy precipitation ...
    • A machine learning examination of hydroxyl radical differences among model simulations for CCMI-1 

      Nicely, Julie M.; Duncan, Bryan; Hanisco, Thomas F.; Wolfe, Glenn M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Deushi, Makoto; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Jöckel, Patrick; Josse, Béatrice; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Klekociuk, Andrew; Manyin, Michael E.; Marécal, Virginie; Morgenstern, Olaf; Murray, Lee T.; Myhre, Gunnar; Oman, Luke D.; Pitari, Giovanni; Pozzer, Andrea; Quaglia, Ilaria; Revell, Laura E.; Rozanov, Eugene; Stenke, Andrea; Stone, Kane; Strahan, Susan E.; Tilmes, Simone; Tost, Holger; Westervelt, Daniel M.; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The hydroxyl radical (OH) plays critical roles within the troposphere, such as determining the lifetime of methane (CH4), yet is challenging to model due to its fast cycling and dependence on a multitude of sources and ...
    • Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement 

      Koasidis, Konstantinos; Karamaneas, Anastasios; Nikas, Alexandros; Neofytou, Hera; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Vaillancourt, Kathleen; Doukas, Haris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Transport is associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted. Most transport means operate using fossil fuels, creating the urgent need for a rapid transformation of the sector. In this research, ...
    • Mapping ice in the Norwegian Arctic – on the edge between science and policy 

      Bay-Larsen, Ingrid Agathe; Bjørndal, Tone Gjesdal; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      n the Norwegian Arctic, petroleum exploration is prohibited north of the ice edge (the zone between solid sea ice and open ocean); the mapping and definition of the ice edge becomes the boundary for petroleum exploration. ...
    • Mapping the dependence of black carbon radiative forcing on emission region and season 

      Räisänen, Petri; Merikanto, Joonas; Makkonen, Risto; Savolahti, Mikko; Kirkevåg, Alf; Sand, Maria; Seland, Øyvind; Partanen, Antti-Ilari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      For short-lived climate forcers such as black carbon (BC), the atmospheric concentrations, radiative forcing (RF), and, ultimately, the subsequent effects on climate, depend on the location and timing of the emissions. ...
    • Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds 

      Ahlm, Lars; Jones, Andy; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Kravitz, Ben; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)