Now showing items 303-322 of 406

    • Regional temperature change potentials for short-lived climate forcers based on radiative forcing from multiple models 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Shine, Keith P.; Collins, William J (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We calculate the absolute regional temperature change potential (ARTP) of various short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) based on detailed radiative forcing (RF) calculations from four different models. The temperature response ...
    • Reply to: Uncertainty in near-term temperature evolution must not obscure assessments of climate mitigation benefits 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In response to our recent paper1 (hereafter SFL20) concerning the relation between natural variability in the climate system and the time to detect a response to emissions mitigation, Lanson et al.2 (hereafter L22) call ...
    • Representing storylines with causal networks to support decision making: Framework and example 

      Kunimitsu, Taro; Baldissera Pacchetti, Marina; Ciullo, Alessio; Sillmann, Jana; Shepherd, Theodore G.; Taner, Mehmet Ümit; van den Hurk, Bart (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Physical climate storylines, which are physically self-consistent unfoldings of events or pathways, have been powerful tools in understanding regional climate impacts. We show how embedding physical climate storylines into ...
    • Research priorities for negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Peters, Glen Philip; Smith, Pete; Tavoni, Massimo; van Vuuren, Detlef Peter; Canadell, Josep G.; Jackson, Robert B.; Milne, Jennifer L.; Moreira, José Roberto; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Yamagata, Yoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Carbon dioxide removal from the atmosphere (CDR)—also known as 'negative emissions'—features prominently in most 2 °C scenarios and has been under increased scrutiny by scientists, citizens, and policymakers. Critics argue ...
    • Response to marine cloud brightening in a multi-model ensemble 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Ahlm, Lars; Boucher, Olivier; Cole, Jason N.S.; Ji, Duoying; Jones, Andy; Haywood, Jim M.; Kravitz, Ben; Lenton, Andrew; Moore, John C.; Niemeier, Ulrike; Phipps, Steven J.; Schmidt, Hauke; Watanabe, Shingo; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Response to marine cloud brightening in a multi-model ensemble 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Ahlm, Lars; Boucher, Olivier; Cole, Jason N.S.; Ji, Duoying; Jones, Andy; Haywood, Jim M.; Kravitz, Ben; Lenton, Andrew; Moore, John C.; Niemeier, Ulrike; Phipps, Steven J.; Schmidt, Hauke; Watanabe, Shingo; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Journal article, 2017)
      Here we show results from Earth System Model simulations from the marine cloud brightening experiment G4cdnc of the Geoengineering Model Intercomparison Project (GeoMIP). The nine contributing models prescribe a 50 % ...
    • Responses of Arctic black carbon and surface temperature to multi-region emission reductions: A Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Phase 2 (HTAP2) ensemble modeling study 

      Nan-nan, Zhao; Dong, Xinyi; Huang, Kan; Fu, Joshua S.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Sudo, Kengo; Henze, Daven K.; Kucsera, Tom; Lam, Yun Fat; Chin, Mian; Tilmes, Simone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Black carbon (BC) emissions play an important role in regional climate change in the Arctic. It is necessary to pay attention to the impact of long-range transport from regions outside the Arctic as BC emissions from local ...
    • A review of coarse mineral dust in the Earth system 

      Adebiyi, Adeyemi; Kok, Jasper F.; Murray, Benjamin J.; Ryder, Claire L.; Stuut, Jan-Berend W.; Kahn, Ralph A.; Knippertz, Peter; Formenti, Paola; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Pérez García-Pando, Carlos; Klose, Martina; Ansmann, Albert; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Ito, Akinori; Balkanski, Yves; Di Biagio, Claudia; Romanias, Manolis N.; Huang, Yue; Meng, Jun (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Mineral dust particles suspended in the atmosphere span more than three orders of magnitude in diameter, from <0.1 μm to more than 100 μm. This wide size range makes dust a unique aerosol species with the ability to interact ...
    • A review of trends and drivers of greenhouse gas emissions by sector from 1990 to 2018 

      Lamb, William F.; Wiedmann, Thomas O; Pongratz, Julia; Andrew, Robbie; Crippa, Monica; Olivier, Jos G. J.; Wiedenhofer, Dominik; Mattioli, Giulio; Khourdajie, Alaa Al; House, Jo; Pachauri, Shonali; Figueroa, Maria J.; Saheb, Yamina; Slade, Raphael; Hubacek, Klaus; Sun, Laixiang; Ribeiro, Suzana Kahn; Khennas, Smail; De La Rue Du Can, Stephane; Chapungu, Lazarus; Davis, Steven J.; Bashmakov, Igor; Dai, Hancheng; Dhakal, Shobhakar; Tan, Xianchun; Geng, Yong; Gu, Baihe; Minx, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be traced to five economic sectors: energy, industry, buildings, transport and AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other land uses). In this topical review, we synthesise the literature ...
    • Right-wing populism and climate policies: Explaining opposition to road tolls in Norway 

      Aasen, Marianne; Sælen, Håkon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In 2019, the road toll uproar in Norway contributed to a governmental crisis and road tolls became the most debated issue in the media. Using survey data of around 2,000 respondents, we explore what characterizes opponents ...
    • The role of community sharing in sustainability transformation: case studies from Norway 

      Westskog, Hege; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Kallbekken, Steffen; Frenken, Koen; Schor, Juliet; Standal, Karina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Based on three case studies of community sharing in different sectors of society, we address how and under what conditions community sharing can contribute to sustainability transformation. Considering modes of exchange ...
    • The role of spatial and temporal model resolution in a flood event storyline approach in western Norway 

      Schaller, Nathalie; Sillmann, Jana; Müller, Malte; Haarsma, Reindert; Hazeleger, Wilco; Hegdahl, Trine Jahr; Kelder, Timo; van den Oord, Gijs; Weerts, Albrecht; Whan, Kirien (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We apply a physical climate storyline approach to an autumn flood event in the West Coast of Norway caused by an atmospheric river to demonstrate the value and challenges of higher spatial and temporal resolution in ...
    • Satellite-based evaluation of AeroCom model bias in biomass burning regions 

      Zhong, Qirui; Schutgens, Nick; Van Der Werf, Guido; Van Noije, Twan; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Mielonen, Tero; Kirkevåg, Alf; Seland, Øyvind; Kokkola, Harri; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Neubauer, David; Kipling, Zak; Matsui, Hitoshi; Ginoux, Paul; Takemura, Toshihiko; Le Sager, Philippe; Rémy, Samuel; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Zhang, Kai; Zhu, Jialei; Tsyro, Svetlana; Curci, Gabriele; Protonotariou, Anna; Johnson, Ben; Penner, Joyce E.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global models are widely used to simulate biomass burning aerosol (BBA). Exhaustive evaluations on model representation of aerosol distributions and properties are fundamental to assess health and climate impacts of BBA. ...
    • Science as a "fixed point" Quantification and boundary objects in international climate politics 

      Lahn, Bård; Sundqvist, Göran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Our understanding of climate change is dominated by quantified scientific knowledge, with science and politics usually seen as operating separately and autonomously from one another. By investigating a particular fact box ...
    • Scientific data from precipitation driver response model intercomparison project 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Sandstad, Marit; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Sillmann, Jana; Andrews, Timothy; Boucher, Olivier; Faluvegi, Gregory; Iversen, Trond; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kramer, Ryan J.; Liu, Longbo; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Quaas, Johannes; Richardson, Thomas B.; Shawki, Dilshad; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Chris; Stier, Philip; Tang, Tao; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This data descriptor reports the main scientific values from General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the Precipitation Driver and Response Model Intercomparison Project (PDRMIP). The purpose of the GCM simulations has been ...
    • Seizing policy windows: Policy Influence of climate advocacy coalitions in Brazil, China, and India, 2000?2015 

      Aamodt, Solveig; Stensdal, Iselin Phoebe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      What drives the development of climate policy? Brazil, China, and India have all changed their climate policies since 2000, and single-case analyses of climate policymaking have found that all three countries have had ...
    • Sensitivity of black carbon concentrations and climate impact to aging and scavenging in OsloCTM2-M7 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Accurate representation of black carbon (BC) concentrations in climate models is a key prerequisite for understanding its net climate impact. BC aging and scavenging are treated very differently in current models. Here, ...
    • Separating the shortwave and longwave components of greenhouse gas radiative forcing 

      Shine, Keith P.; Byrom, Rachael; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Many important greenhouse gases (including water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and ozone) absorb solar radiation. When gas concentrations change, this absorption exerts a radiative forcing that modifies the thermal ...
    • Sharing a quota on cumulative carbon emissions 

      Raupach, Michael R.; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jotzo, Frank; Le Quéré, Corinne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Any limit on future global warming is associated with a quota on cumulative global CO2 emissions. We translate this global carbon quota to regional and national scales, on a spectrum of sharing principles that extends from ...
    • Sharing among neighbours in a Norwegian suburb 

      Westskog, Hege; Aase, Tor Halfdan; Standal, Karina; Tellefsen, Sølvi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Sharing goods and services has been promoted as fostering more sustainable consumption. In this paper, we explore sharing in a middle-class neighbourhood in a Norwegian city. We ask what influences and frames neighbours’ ...