Now showing items 284-303 of 406

    • Precipitation frequency in Med-CORDEX and EURO-CORDEX ensembles from 0.44° to convection-permitting resolution: impact of model resolution and convection representation 

      Ha, Minh T.; Bastin, Sophie; Drobinski, Philippe; Fita, L.; Polcher, J.; Bock, O.; Chiriaco, M.; Belušić, Danijel; Caillaud, Celine; Dobler, Andreas; Fernandez, J.; Goergen, Klaus; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Kartsios, Stergios; Katragkou, Eleni; Lavin-Gullon, Alvaro; Lorenz, Torge; Milovac, Josipa; Panitz, Hans-Jürgen; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Truhetz, Heimo; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Recent studies using convection-permitting (CP) climate simulations have demonstrated a step-change in the representation of heavy rainfall and rainfall characteristics (frequency-intensity) compared to coarser resolution ...
    • Predicting Paris: Multi-Method Approaches to Forecast the Outcomes of Global Climate Negotiations 

      Sprinz, Detlef F.; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Kallbekken, Steffen; Stokman, Frans; Sælen, Håkon; Thomson, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We examine the negotiations held under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change in Paris, December 2015. Prior to these negotiations, there was considerable uncertainty about whether an ...
    • Predictive Skill of Teleconnection Patterns in Twentieth Century Seasonal Hindcasts and Their Relationship to Extreme Winter Temperatures in Europe 

      Schuhen, Nina; Schaller, Nathalie; Bloomfield, Hannah C.; Brayshaw, David J.; Lledó, Llorenç; Cionni, Irene; Sillmann, Jana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      European winter weather is dominated by several low-frequency teleconnection patterns, the main ones being the North Atlantic Oscillation, East Atlantic, East Atlantic/Western Russia, and Scandinavian patterns. We analyze ...
    • Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Naik, V; Voulgarakis, A; Fiore, AM; Horowitz, LW; Lamarque, JF; Lin, M; Prather, MJ; Young, PJ; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Cionni, I; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, R; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, GA; Josse, B; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; van Noije, TPC; Plummer, DA; Righi, M; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Stevenson, DS; Strode, S; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, G (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We have analysed time-slice simulations from 17 global models, participating in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), to explore changes in present-day (2000) hydroxyl radical (OH) ...
    • Public Attitudes Toward Climate Policies: The Effect of Institutional Contexts and Political Values 

      Aasen, Marianne; Vatn, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Public Health Measures to Address the Impact of Climate Change on Population Health—Proceedings from a Stakeholder Workshop 

      Jabakhanji, Samira Barbara; Arnold, Stephen Robert; Aunan, Kristin; Chersich, Matthew Francis; Jakobsson, Kristina; McGushin, Alice; Kelly, Ina; Roche, Niall; Stauffer, Anne; Stanistreet, Debbi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Background: The World Health Organization identified climate change as the 21st century’s biggest health threat. This study aimed to identify the current knowledge base, evidence gaps, and implications for climate action ...
    • Public support for air travel restrictions to address COVID-19 or climate change 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      An improved understanding of public support is essential to design effective and feasible climate policies for aviation. Our motivation is the contrast between high support for air travel restrictions responding to the ...
    • Radiative forcing bias of simulated surface albedo modifications linked to forest cover changes at northern latitudes 

      Bright, Ryan M.; Myhre, Gunnar; Astrup, Rasmus Andreas; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Strømman, Anders Hammer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
    • Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations 

      Shindell, D.T.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M.; Jiao, C.; Chin, M.; Young, P.J.; Lee, Y.H.; Rotstayn, L.; Mahowald, N.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W.J.; Conley, A.J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Easter, R.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, X.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, J.-H.; Lo, F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of ...
    • Radiative forcing of climate change from the Copernicus reanalysis of atmospheric composition 

      Bellouin, Nicolas; Davies, William H.; P. Shine, Keith; Quaas, Johannes; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; M. Forster, Piers; Smith, Christopher J.; Lee, Lindsay; Regayre, Leighton; Brasseur, Guy; Sudarchikova, Natalia; Bouarar, Idir; Boucher, Olivier; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Radiative forcing provides an important basis for understanding and predicting global climate changes, but its quantification has historically been done independently for different forcing agents, has involved observations ...
    • Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Chin, M; Diehl, T; Easter, R. C.; Feichter, J; Ghan, SJ; Hauglustaine, D; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S; Kirkevåg, A; Lamarque, J. F.; Lin, G; Liu, X.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Luo, G; Ma, X; van Noije, T; Penner, JE; Rasch, P. J.; Ruiz, A.; Seland, Ø.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K; Wang, P.; Wang, Z; Xu, L.; Yu, H; Yu, F.; Yoon, J.-H.; Zhang, K.; Zhang, H.; Zhou, C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We report on the AeroCom Phase II direct aerosol effect (DAE) experiment where 16 detailed global aerosol models have been used to simulate the changes in the aerosol distribution over the industrial era. All 16 models ...
    • Reaching peak emissions 

      Jackson, Robert B; Canadell, Josep G.; Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Rapid growth in global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and industry ceased in the past two years, despite continued economic growth. Decreased coal use in China was largely responsible, coupled with slower global growth ...
    • Recommendations for diagnosing effective radiative forcing from climate models for CMIP6 

      Forster, Piers M.; Richardson, T.; Maycock, A. C.; Smith, C. J.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Andrews, T.; Pincus, R.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The usefulness of previous Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) exercises has been hampered by a lack of radiative forcing information. This has made it difficult to understand reasons for differences between model ...
    • Recruitment, Stabilization and Defection; Exploring Car Sharing Pathways of Young Urban Households 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; George, Cyriac Manapurathu (Chapter, 2020)
    • Reduced carbon emission estimates from fossil fuel combustion and cement production in China 

      Liu, Z; Guan, Dabo; Wei, Wei; Davis, Steven J; Ciais, Philippe; Bai, Jin; Peng, Shushi; Zhang, Qiang; Hubacek, Klaus; Marland, Gregg; Andres, Robert J; Crawford-Brown, Douglas; Lin, Jintai; Zhao, Hongyan; Hong, Chaopeng; Boden, Thomas A; Feng, Kuishuang; Peters, Glen Philip; Xi, Fengming; Liu, Junguo; Li, Yuan; Zhao, Yu; Zeng, Ning; He, Kebin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      early three-quarters of the growth in global carbon emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement production between 2010 and 2012 occurred in China1, 2. Yet estimates of Chinese emissions remain subject to large ...
    • Reduced Complexity Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2: Synthesizing Earth System Knowledge for Probabilistic Climate Projections 

      Nicholls, Z.; Meinshausen, Malte; Lewis, J.; Corradi, M. Rojas; Dorheim, K.; Gasser, Thomas; Gieseke, R.; Hope, A.P.; Leach, N.J.; McBride, L.A.; Quilcaille, Y.; Rogelj, Joeri; Salawitch, Ross J.; Samset, B.H.; Sandstad, Marit; Shiklomanov, A.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Smith, Christopher J.; Smith, Steven J.; Su, X.; Tsutsui, J.; Vega-Westhoff, B.; Woodard, D.L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Over the last decades, climate science has evolved rapidly across multiple expert domains. Our best tools to capture state-of-the-art knowledge in an internally self-consistent modeling framework are the increasingly complex ...
    • Reducing the aerosol forcing uncertainty using observational constraints on warm rain processes 

      Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Nam, Christine; Salzmann, Marc; Kretzschmar, Jan; L'Ecuyer, Tristan S.; Lohmann, Ulrike; Ma, Po-Lun; Myhre, Gunnar; Neubauer, David; Stier, Philip; Suzuki, Kentaroh; Wang, Minghuai; Quaas, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Global climate models (GCMs) disagree with other lines of evidence on the rapid adjustments of cloud cover and liquid water path to anthropogenic aerosols. Attempts to use observations to constrain the parameterizations ...
    • Reducing uncertainties in decadal variability of the global carbon budget with multiple datasets 

      Li, Wei; Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Peng, Shushi; Broquet, Grégoire; Ballantyne, Ashley P.; Canadell, Josep G.; Cooper, Leila; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Le Quéré, Corinne; Myneni, Ranga B.; Peters, Glen Philip; Piao, Shilong; Pongratz, Julia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Conventional calculations of the global carbon budget infer the land sink as a residual between emissions, atmospheric accumulation, and the ocean sink. Thus, the land sink accumulates the errors from the other flux terms ...
    • Regional temperature change potentials for short-lived climate forcers based on radiative forcing from multiple models 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Shine, Keith P.; Collins, William J (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We calculate the absolute regional temperature change potential (ARTP) of various short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) based on detailed radiative forcing (RF) calculations from four different models. The temperature response ...