Now showing items 21-40 of 406

    • An agenda for future Social Sciences and Humanities research on energy efficiency: 100 priority research questions 

      Foulds, Chris; Royston, Sarah; Berker, Thomas; Nakopoulou, Efi; Bharucha, Zareen Pervez; Robison, Rosie; Abram, Simone; Ančić, Branko; Arapostathis, Stathis; Badescu, Gabriel; Bull, Richard; Cohen, Jed; Dunlop, Tessa; Dunphy, Niall; Dupont, Claire; Fischer, Corinna; Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten; Grandclément, Catherine; Heiskanen, Eva; Labanca, Nicola; Jeliazkova, Maria; Jörgens, Helge; Keller, Margit; Kern, Florian; Lombardi, Patrizia; Mourik, Ruth; Ornetzeder, Michael; Pearson, Peter J. G.; Rohracher, Harald; Sahakian, Marlyne; Sari, Ramazan; Standal, Karina; Živčič, Lidija (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Decades of techno-economic energy policymaking and research have meant evidence from the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH)—including critical reflections on what changing a society’s relation to energy (efficiency) even ...
    • An application of automated mediation to international climate treaty negotiation 

      Ding, P; Gerst, MD; Bang, Guri; Borsuk, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      A generic framework for automated mediation of multi-attribute negotiation has recently been reported (Lai and Sycara in Group Decis Negot 18:169–187, 2009). This framework seeks to shorten time to agreement, achieve ...
    • An economic evaluation of solar radiation management 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Romstad, Bård; Wei, Taoyuan; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Muri, Helene; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
    • Anthropogenic sulfate aerosol pollution in South and East Asia induces increased summer precipitation over arid Central Asia 

      Xie, Xiaoning; Myhre, Gunnar; Shindell, Drew; Faluvegi, Gregory; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Shi, Zhengguo; Li, Xinzhou; Xie, Xiaoxun; Liu, Heng; Liu, Xiaodong; Liu, Yangang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Precipitation has increased across the arid Central Asia region over recent decades. However, the underlying mechanisms of this trend are poorly understood. Here, we analyze multi-model simulations from the Precipitation ...
    • Arctic air pollution: Challenges and opportunities for the next decade 

      Arnold, Steve R.; Law, Kathy S.; Brock, Charles A.; Thomas, Jennie L.; Starkweather, Sandra M.; von Salzen, Knut; Stohl, Andreas; Sharma, Sangeeta; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Flanner, Mark G.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Tanimoto, Hiroshi; Gamble, Jim; Dibb, Jack E.; Melamed, Megan; Johnson, Noor; Fidel, Maryann; Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka; Baklanov, Alexander; Eckhardt, Sabine; Monks, Sarah A.; Browse, Jo; Bozem, Heike (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
    • The Arctic has warmed nearly four times faster than the globe since 1979 

      Rantanen, Mika; Karpechko, Alexey Yu.; Lipponen, Antti; Nordling, Kalle; Hyvärinen, Otto; Ruosteenoja, Kimmo; Vihma, Timo Pekka; Laaksonen, Ari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In recent decades, the warming in the Arctic has been much faster than in the rest of the world, a phenomenon known as Arctic amplification. Numerous studies report that the Arctic is warming either twice, more than twice, ...
    • Arctic tropospheric ozone: assessment of current knowledge and model performance 

      Whaley, Cynthia; Law, Kathy S.; Hjorth, Jens Liengaard; Skov, Henrik; Arnold, Stephen R.; Langner, Joakim; Pernov, Jakob Boyd; Bergeron, Garance; Bourgeois, Ilann; Christensen, Jesper H.; Chien, Rong-You; Deushi, Makoto; Dong, Xinyi; Effertz, Peter; Faluvegi, Gregory; Flanner, Mark G.; Fu, Joshua S.; Gauss, Michael; Huey, Greg L.; Im, Ulas; Kivi, Rigel; Marelle, Louis; Onishi, Tatsuo; Oshima, Naga; Petropavlovskikh, Irina; Peischl, Jeff; Plummer, David A.; Pozzoli, Luca; Raut, Jean-Christophe; Ryerson, Tom; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Solberg, Sverre; Thomas, Manu Anna; Thompson, Chelsea R.; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Turnock, Steven T.; von Salzen, Knut; Tarasick, David (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      As the third most important greenhouse gas (GHG) after carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4), tropospheric ozone (O3) is also an air pollutant causing damage to human health and ecosystems. This study brings together ...
    • Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal 

      Ensor, Jonathan Edward; Wennstroem, Patrick; Bhatterai, Anil; Nightingale, Andrea Joslyn; Eriksen, Siri; Sillmann, Jana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Adaptation research and practice too often overlooks the wider social context within which climate change is experienced. Mainstream approaches frame adaptation problems in terms of the consequences that flow from biophysical ...
    • Assessment of the European Climate Projections as Simulated by the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional and Global Climate Model Ensemble 

      Coppola, Erika; Nogherotto, Rita; Ciarlo', James M.; Giorgi, Filippo; Van Meijgaard, Erik; Kadygrov, N.; Iles, Carley; Corre, Lola; Sandstad, Marit; Somot, Samuel; Nabat, Pierre; Vautard, Robert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Kjellström, Erik; Nikulin, Grigory; Aalbers, Emma; Lenderink, Geert; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Boberg, Fredrik; Sørland, Silje Lund; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Bülow, Katharina; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper analyzes the ensemble of regional climate model (RCM) projections for Europe completed within the EURO-CORDEX project. Projections are available for the two greenhouse gas concentration scenarios RCP2.6 (22 ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Atmospheric methane evolution the last 40 years 

      Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Gomez-Pelaez, Angel J.; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Weiss, Ray F.; Harth, Christina M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations at surface sites show an increase in global mean surface methane (CH4) of about 180 parts per billion (ppb) (above 10 %) over the period 1984–2012. Over this period there are large fluctuations in the annual ...
    • Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK 

      Bang, Guri; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Böhringer, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Europe’s two largest economies – Germany and the UK – are phasing out coal from electricity production as part of European efforts to fulfil increased climate policy ambitions that require comprehensive energy system ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Black carbon aerosol reductions during COVID-19 confinement quantified by aircraft measurements over Europe 

      Krüger, Ovid O.; Holanda, Bruna A.; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Pozzer, Andrea; Walter, David; Pöhlker, Christopher; Hernández, Maria Dolores Andrés; Burrows, John P.; Voigt, Christiane; Lelieveld, Jos; Quaas, Johannes; Pöschl, Ulrich; Pöhlker, Mira L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The abrupt reduction in human activities during the first lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic created unprecedented atmospheric conditions. To quantify the changes in lower tropospheric air pollution, we conducted the BLUESKY ...
    • Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Business Models for Negative Emissions From Waste-to-Energy Plants 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Negative emissions of carbon dioxide will likely be needed to meet the <2°C warming above the pre-industrial level goal of the Paris Agreement. A major technology option is combining Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and ...