Now showing items 21-40 of 938

    • A note on social versus private value of the Halten CO2 project 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2007:08, Research report, 2007)
      This report compares the social and private value of the Halten CO2 project. This is a carbon capture and storage project in Mid-Norway comprising a gas-fired power plant, CO2 capture facilities, enhanced oil recovery, and ...
    • A painless solution? An analysis of two alternatives for global taxation for financing climate activities under the United Nations umbrella 

      Selrod, Rolf (CICERO Report;1995:07, Research report, 1995)
      It is a widely held perception that the UN is unable to challenge the increasing number of global issues due to the lack of funding. Consequently, there has for some time, been a discussion of alternative ways of financing ...
    • A production-tagged aerosol module for earth system models, OsloAero5.3-extensions and updates for CAM5.3-Oslo 

      Kirkevåg, Alf; Grini, Alf; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Alterskjær, Kari; Hummel, Matthias; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Lewinschal, Anna; Liu, Xiaohong; Makkonen, Risto; Bethke, Ingo; Griesfeller, Jan; Schulz, Michael; Iversen, Trond (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • A review of country studies on climate change 

      Hanisch, Ted; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Selrod, Rolf; Strand, Jon; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1993:01, Research report, 1993)
      Country studies are important instruments for determining national climate policies and adding to the global knowledge on climate issues. They are, however, also the basis for examining the obligations of the Parties under ...
    • A simple model for scenario studies of changes in global climate: Version 1.0 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren (CICERO Working Paper;1999:02, Working paper, 1999)
      This paper gives a documentation of a simple climate model for studying the effects of future climate gas emissions on global mean temperature and sea level. Input to the model is global emissions of 29 gases. Atmospheric ...
    • A two-track CDM: improved incentives for sustainable development and offset production 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Shrivastava, Manish K.; Pandey, Nimisha; Tørnblad, Silje Hexeberg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has been criticized in the literature for encouraging a focus on offset production (OP) at the expense of achieving or encouraging sustainable development (SD). It is argued that one ...
    • A warmer policy for a colder climate: Can China both reduce poverty and cap carbon emissions? 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Aamaas, Borgar; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Reducing global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is often thought to be at odds with economic growth and poverty reduction. Using an integrated assessment modeling approach, we find that China can cap CO2 emissions at 2015 ...
    • Accelerated increases in global and Asian summer monsoon precipitation from future aerosol reductions 

      Wilcox, Laura J.; Liu, Zhen; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Hawkins, Ed; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Nordling, Kalle; Undorf, Sabine; Bollasina, Massimo; Ekman, Annica M.L.; Krishnan, Srinath; Merikanto, Joonas; Turner, Andrew G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      There is a large range of future aerosol emissions scenarios explored in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs), with plausible pathways spanning a range of possibilities from large global reductions in emissions by 2050 ...
    • Achievements and needs for the climate change scenario framework 

      O'Neil, Brian C.; Carter, Timothy R.; Ebi, Kristie L.; Harrison, Paula A.; Kemp-Benedict, Eric; Kok, Kasper; Kriegler, Elmar; Preston, Benjamin l.; Riahi, Keywan; Sillmann, Jana; Ruijven, Bas J. van; Vuuren, Detlef Van; Carlisle, David; Conde, Cecilia; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Green, Carole; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Leininger, Julia; Monteich, Seth; Pichs-Madruga, Ramon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Long-term global scenarios have underpinned research and assessment of global environmental change for four decades. Over the past ten years, the climate change research community has developed a scenario framework combining ...
    • ACIA og IPCC - en sammenligning av mottakelsen i amerikansk offentlighet 

      Tjernshaugen, Andreas; Bang, Guri (CICERO Report;2005:04, Research report, 2005)
      Denne rapporten sammenligner mottakelsen av to vitenskapelige utredninger om klimaendringer i amerikansk offentlighet og politisk liv: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) og Den tredje hovedrapporten fra FNs klimapanel ...
    • Adaptation confusion? A longitudinal examination of the concept “climate change adaptation” in Norwegian municipal surveys. 

      Selseng, Torbjørn; Klemetsen, Marit Elisabeth; Rusdal, Tone (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In recent decades there has been a surge in the scholarship on climate change adaptation (CCA) terminology, and diverging interpretations of the term have emerged. Given the crucial role of local governments in building ...
    • Adaptation interventions and their effect on vulnerability in developing countries: Help, hindrance or irrelevance? 

      Eriksen, Siri Ellen Hallstrøm; Schipper, Lisa; Scoville-Simonds, Morgan; Vincent, Katharine; Adam, Hans Nicolai; Brooks, Nick; Harding, Brian; Khatri, Dil B.; Lenaerts, Lutgart; Liverman, Diana; Mills-Novoa, Megan; Mosberg, Marianne; Movik, Synne; Muok, Benard; Nightingale, Andrea Joslyn; Ojha, Hemant; Sygna, Linda; Taylor, Marcus; Vogel, Coleen; West, Jennifer Joy (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
    • Adapting Accountability and Emerging Challenges: Contracting-out in the Transport Sector in Switzerland, Norway and Sweden 

      Lieberherr, Eva; Hansson, Lisa; Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Schmid, Jonas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Government reforms such as contracting-out continue to influence public service provision within infrastructure sectors. Contracting-out involves a detachment of the operators from political decision-making and the creation ...
    • The added value of km-scale simulations to describe temperature over complex orography: the CORDEX FPS-Convection multi-model ensemble runs over the Alps 

      Soares, P.M.M.; Careto, J.A.M.; Cardoso, Rita M.; Goergen, Klaus; Katragkou, Eleni; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Coppola, Erika; Ban, Nikolina; Belušić, Danijel; Berthou, Ségolène; Caillaud, Cécile; Dobler, Andreas; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Kartsios, Stergios; Lenderink, Geert; Lorenz, Torge; Milovac, Josipa; Feldmann, Hendrik; Pichelli, Emanuela; Truhetz, Heimo; Demory, Marie-Estelle; de Vries, Hylke; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Keuler, Klaus; Raffa, Mario; Tölle, Merja H.; Sieck, Kevin; Bastin, Sophie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The increase in computational resources has enabled the emergence of multi-model ensembles of convection-permitting regional climate model (CPRCM) simulations at very high horizontal resolutions. An example is the CORDEX ...
    • Adjustment costs for investments in the abatement of climate change under uncertainty 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2000:05, Working paper, 2000)
      This paper studies optimal abatement of CO2 emissions, when investments in abatement measures are subject to adjustment costs. Decisions are made under uncertainty about the damages of climate change. Optimal abatement is ...
    • Aerosol absorption has an underappreciated role in historical precipitation change 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Precipitation change has proven notoriously hard to simulate consistently between global climate models. Aerosol induced shortwave absorption over the historical era is also poorly constrained in both observations and ...
    • Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom phase III 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Gliss, Jonas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Ginoux, Paul; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Le Sager, Philippe; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Van Noije, Twan; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Rémy, Samuel; Schulz, Michael; Stier, Philip; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Aerosol-induced absorption of shortwave radiation can modify the climate through local atmospheric heating, which affects lapse rates, precipitation, and cloud formation. Presently, the total amount of aerosol absorption ...
    • Aerosols at the poles: an AeroCom Phase II multi-model evaluation 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Balkanski, Yves; Bauer, Susanne; Bellouin, Nicolas; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steve J.; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Lin, Guangxing; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; Myhre, Gunnar; Van Noije, Twan P.C.; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Yu, Fangqun; Zhang, Kai; Zhang, Hua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • African biomass burning affects aerosol cycling over the Amazon 

      Holanda, Bruna A.; Franco, Marco A.; Walter, David; Artaxo, Paulo; Carbone, Samara; Cheng, Yafang; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Ditas, Florian; Gysel-Beer, Martin; Klimach, Thomas; Kremper, Leslie A.; Krüger, Ovid O.; Lavric, Jost V.; Lelieveld, Jos; Ma, Chaoqun; Machado, Luiz A. T.; Modini, Robin L.; Morais, Fernando G.; Pozzer, Andrea; Saturno, Jorge; Su, Hang; Wendisch, Manfred; Wolff, Stefan; Pöhlker, Mira L.; Andreae, Meinrat O.; Pöschl, Ulrich; Pöhlker, Christopher (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Smoke from vegetation fires affects air quality, atmospheric cycling, and the climate in the Amazon rain forest. A major unknown has remained the quantity of long-range transported smoke from Africa in relation to local ...
    • African Development Bank (AfDB) 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2013:001, Report, 2013-09-01)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Development, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Not shaded