Now showing items 383-402 of 938

    • Geopolitiske virkninger av lavutslippssamfunnet 

      Aamodt, Solveig; Aakre, Stine; Gullberg, Anne Therese; Bang, Guri; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Glomsrød, Solveig; Westskog, Hege; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Report;2015:03, Research report, 2015)
      I denne rapporten presenteres hovedfunn fra ny forskning som belyser geopolitiske virkninger av overgangen til lavutslippssamfunnet og hvilke konsekvenser denne utviklingen har for Norge. Det vektlegges at en ny global ...
    • Global and regional radiative forcing from 20 % reductions in BC, OC and SO4 - An HTAP2 multi-model study 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Davila, Yanko; Dentener, Frank; Emmons, Louisa; Flemming, Johannes; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Henze, Daven; Jonson, Jan Eiof; Kucsera, Tom; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Schulz, Michael; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      In the Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Phase 2 (HTAP2) exercise, a range of global atmospheric general circulation and chemical transport models performed coordinated perturbation experiments with 20 % reductions ...
    • Global and regional trends of atmospheric sulfur 

      Aas, Wenche; Mortier, Augustin; Bowersox, Van C.; Cherian, Ribu; Faluvegi, Greg; Fagerli, Hilde; Hand, Jenny; Klimont, Zbigniew; Galy-Lacaux, Corinne; Lehmann, Christopher M. B.; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Sato, Keiichi; Quaas, Johannes; Rao, P.S.P.; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stein, Ariel; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana; Vet, Robert; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The profound changes in global SO2 emissions over the last decades have affected atmospheric composition on a regional and global scale with large impact on air quality, atmospheric deposition and the radiative forcing of ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2016 

      Le Quéré, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Manning, Andrew C; Boden, Thomas A; Tans, Pieter P; Houghton, Richard A; Keeling, Ralph F; Alin, Simone; Andrews, Oliver D; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frederic; Chini, Louise P; Ciais, Philippe; Currie, Kim; Delire, Christine; Doney, Scott C; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Hoppema, Mario; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Jain, Atul K; Kato, Etsushi; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschutzer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Melton, Joe R; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank; Monteiro, Pedro M S; Munro, David R; Nabel, Julia E M S; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Omar, Abdirahman; Pierrot, Denis; Ono, Tsuneo; Poulter, Benjamin; Rödenbeck, Christian; Salisbury, Joe; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jörg; Seferian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D; Sutton, Adrienne J; Takahashi, Taro; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid T; Van Der Werf, Guido R; Viovy, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P; Wiltshire, Andrew J; Zaehle, Sönke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global carbon budget 2019 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, Matthew W.; O'Sullivan, Michael; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Bakker, Dorothée C.E.; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Anthoni, Peter; Barbero, Leticia; Bastos, Ana; Bastrikov, Vladislav; Becker, Meike; Bopp, Laurent; Buitenhuis, Erik; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Currie, Kim I.; Feely, Richard A.; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Goll, Daniel S.; Gruber, Nicolas; Gutekunst, Sören; Harris, Ian; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Hurtt, George; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kaplan, Jed O.; Kato, Etsushi; Goldewijk, Kees Klein; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschutzer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; McGuire, Patrick C.; Melton, Joe R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Neill, Craig; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Peregon, Anna; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Séférian, Roland; Schwinger, Jörg; Smith, Naomi; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Tubiello, Francesco N.; van der Werf, Guido R.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sönke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better understand the global ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2020 

      Friedlingstein, Pierre; O'Sullivan, Michael; Jones, Matthew W.; Andrew, Robbie; Hauck, Judith; Olsen, Are; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Le Quéré, Corinne; Canadell, Josep G.; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone; Aragão, Luiz E.O.C.; Arneth, Almut; Arora, Vivek K.; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Benoit-Cattin, Alice; Bittig, Henry C.; Bopp, Laurent; Bultan, Selma; Chandra, Naveen; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Evans, Wiley; Florentie, Liesbeth; Forster, Piers M.; Gasser, Thomas; Gehlen, Marion; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Harris, Ian; Hartung, Kerstin; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Joetzjer, Emilie; Kadono, Koji; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Landschützer, Peter; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Liu, Zhu; Lombardozzi, Danica; Marland, Gregg; Metzl, Nicolas; Munro, David; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Niwa, Yosuke; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Ono, Tsuneo; Palmer, Paul I.; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Ben; Resplandy, Laure; Robertson, Eddy; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jörg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Smith, Adam J.P.; Sutton, Adrienne; Tanhua, Toste; Tans, Pieter P.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Van Der Werf, Guido; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Watson, Andrew; Willis, David; Wiltshire, Andy; Yuan, Wenping; Yue, Xu; Zaehle, Sönke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate – the “global carbon budget” – is important to better ...
    • Global Carbon Budget 2021 

      Friedlingstein, P.; Jones, Matthew W.; O'Sullivan, Michael; Andrew, Robbie; Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Hauck, Judith; Le Quéré, Corinne; Peters, Glen Philip; Peters, Wouter; Pongratz, Julia; Sitch, Stephen; Canadell, Josep G; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Alin, Simone R.; Anthoni, Peter; Bates, Nicholas R.; Becker, Meike; Bellouin, Nicolas; Bopp, Laurent; Chau, Thi Tuyet Trang; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise P.; Cronin, Margot; Currie, Kim I.; Decharme, Bertrand; Djeutchouang, Laique M.; Dou, Xinyu; Evans, Wiley; Feely, Richard A.; Feng, Liang; Gasser, Thomas; Gilfillan, Dennis; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Grassi, Giacomo; Gregor, Luke; Gruber, Nicolas; Gürses, Özgür; Harris, Ian; Houghton, Richard A.; Hurtt, George C.; Iida, Yosuke; Ilyina, Tatiana; Luijkx, Ingrid T.; Jain, Atul; Jones, Steve D.; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Schwinger, Jörg; Zeng, Jiye (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere in a changing climate is critical to better understand the global carbon ...
    • Global CO2 uptake by cement from 1930 to 2019 

      Guo, Rui; Wang, Jiaoyue; Bing, Longfei; Tong, Dan; Ciais, Philippe; Davis, Steven J.; Andrew, Robbie; Xi, Fengming; Liu, Zhu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Because of the alkaline nature and high calcium content of cements in general, they serve as a CO2- absorbing agent through carbonation processes, resembling silicate weathering in nature. This carbon uptake capacity of ...
    • Global Economic Responses to Heat Stress Impacts on Worker Productivity in Crop Production 

      Orlov, Anton; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Sillmann, Jana; Thiery, Wim; Douzal, Clara; Lejeune, Quentin; Schleussner, Carl (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The impacts of climate change on the food system are a key concern for societies and policy makers globally. Assessments of the biophysical impacts of crop productivity show modest but uncertain impacts. But crop growth ...
    • Global fossil carbon emissions rebound near pre-COVID-19 levels 

      Jackson, R.B.; Friedlingstein, P.; Le Quéré, Quere; Abernethy, S.; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, J.G.; Ciais, P.; Davis, S.J.; Deng, Zhu; Liu, Zhu; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Fossil CO2 emissions in 2021 grew an estimated 4.2% (3.5%–4.8%) to 36.2 billion metric tons compared with 2020, pushing global emissions back close to 2019 levels (36.7 Gt CO2).
    • The global methane budget 2000-2017 

      Saunois, Marielle; Stavert, Ann R.; Poulter, Ben; Bousquet, Philippe; Canadell, Josep G.; Jackson, Robert B.; Raymond, Peter A.; Dlugokencky, Edward J.; Houweling, Sander; Patra, Prabir K.; Ciais, Philippe; Arora, Vivek K.; Bastviken, David; Bergamaschi, Peter; Blake, Donald R.; Brailsford, Gordon; Bruhwiler, Lori; Carlson, Kimberly M.; Carrol, Mark; Castaldi, Simona; Chandra, Naveen; Crevoisier, Cyril; Crill, Patrick M.; Covey, Kristofer; Curry, Charles L.; Etiope, Giuseppe; Frankenberg, Christian; Gedney, Nicola; Hegglin, Michaela I.; Hoglund-Isaksson, Lena; Hugelius, Gustaf; Ishizawa, Misa; Ito, Akihiko; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Jensen, Katherine M.; Joos, Fortunat; Kleinen, Thomas; Krummel, Paul B.; Langenfelds, Ray L.; Laruelle, Goulven G.; Liu, Licheng; Machida, Toshinobu; Maksyutov, Shamil; McDonald, Kyle C.; McNorton, Joe; Miller, Paul A.; Melton, Joe R.; Morino, Isamu; Müller, Jurek; Murguia-Flores, Fabiola; Naik, Vaishali; Niwa, Yosuke; Noce, Sergio; O'Doherty, Simon; Parker, Robert J.; Peng, Changhui; Peng, Shushi; Peters, Glen Philip; Prigent, Catherine; Prinn, Ronald G.; Ramonet, Michel; Regnier, Pierre; Riley, William J.; Rosentreter, Judith A.; Segers, Arjo; Simpson, Isobel J.; Shi, Hao; Smith, Steven J.; Steele, L. Paul; Thornton, Brett F.; Tian, Hanqin; Tohjima, Yasunori; Tubiello, Francesco N.; Tsuruta, Aki; Viovy, Nicolas; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Weber, Thomas S.; Van Weele, Michiel; Van Der Werf, Guido R.; Weiss, Ray F.; Worthy, Doug; Wunch, Debra; Yin, Yi; Yoshida, Yukio; Zhang, Wenxin; Zhang, Zhen; Zhao, Yuanhong; Zheng, Bo; Zhu, Qing; Zhu, Qiuan; Zhuang, Qianlai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Understanding and quantifying the global methane (CH4) budget is important for assessing realistic pathways to mitigate climate change. Atmospheric emissions and concentrations of CH4 continue to increase, making CH4 the ...
    • A global model–measurement evaluation of particle light scattering coefficients at elevated relative humidity, 

      Burgos, María A.; Andrews, Elisabeth; Titos, Gloria; Benedetti, Angela; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Curci, Gabriele; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Laakso, Anton; Letertre-Danczak, Julie; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Myhre, Gunnar; Randles, Cynthia; Schulz, Michael; Noije, Twan van; Zhang, Kai; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Baltensperger, Urs; Jefferson, Anne; Sherman, James; Sun, Junying; Weingartner, Ernest; Zieger, Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The uptake of water by atmospheric aerosols has a pronounced effect on particle light scattering properties, which in turn are strongly dependent on the ambient relative humidity (RH). Earth system models need to account ...
    • Global patterns of daily CO2 emissions reductions in the first year of COVID-19 

      Liu, Zhu; Deng, Zhu; Zhu, Biqing; Ciais, Philippe; Davis, Steven J.; Tan, Jianguang; Andrew, Robbie; Boucher, Olivier; Arous, Simon Ben; Canadell, Josep G.; Dou, Xinyu; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gentine, Pierre; Guo, Rui; Hong, Chaopeng; Jackson, Robert B.; Kammen, Daniel M.; Ke, Piyu; Le Quéré, Corinne; Monica, Crippa; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Peters, Glen Philip; Tanaka, Katsumasa; Wang, Yilong; Zheng, Bo; Zhong, Haiwang; Sun, Taochun; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Day-to-day changes in CO2 emissions from human activities, in particular fossil-fuel combustion and cement production, reflect a complex balance of influences from seasonality, working days, weather and, most recently, the ...
    • Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change 

      Silva, Raquel A.; West, J. Jason; Zhang, Yuqiang; Anenberg, Susan C.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Shindell, Drew T.; Collins, William J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, Greg; Folberth, Gerd; Horowitz, Larry W.; Nagashima, Tatasuya; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, Steven; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, Philip; Cionni, Irene; Doherty, Ruth M.; Eyring, Veronika; Josse, Béatrice; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Plummer, David; Righi, Mattia; Stevenson, David S.; Strode, Sarah; Szopa, Sophie; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    • A global review of the state of the evidence of household air pollution's contribution to ambient fine particulate matter and their related health impacts 

      Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Pillarisetti, Ajay; Oberholzer, Alicia; Jetter, James; Mitchell, John; Cappuccilli, Eva; Aamaas, Borgar; Aunan, Kristin; Pozzer, Andrea; Alexander, Donee (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Direct exposure to household fine particulate air pollution (HAP) associated with inefficient combustion of fuels (wood, charcoal, coal, crop residues, kerosene, etc.) for cooking, space-heating, and lighting is estimated ...
    • Globalization of the automobile industry in China: Dynamics and barriers in the greening of road transportation 

      Gan, Lin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:09, Working paper, 2001)
      This article describes the state of the automobile industry and urban road transportation management in China. It reviews how the automobile industry is evolving to respond to challenges in economic development, environmental ...
    • GRACE model and applications 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Orlov, Anton; Wei, Taoyuan; Glomsrød, Solveig (CICERO Report;2018:01, Research report, 2018-01-29)
      This report is a documentation of the GRACE model. GRACE is a computable general equilibrium model aimed at supporting studies of the global consequences of human activities that affect the drivers of climate change. The ...
    • Gratiskvoter til industrien - ikke så enkelt 

      Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Policy Note;1999:06, Working paper, 1999)
      Stortinget ønsker et norsk marked for omsettelige utslippskvoter for klimagasser og et offentlig utvalg (Kvoteutvalget) utreder mulighetene for å etablere et marked. Et vanskelig tema er gratiskvoter som virkemiddel for å ...
    • Green Bonds and Environmental Integrity: Insights from CICERO Second Opinions 

      Clapp, Christa; Alfsen, Knut H.; Lund, Harald Francke; Pillay, Kamleshan (CICERO Policy Note;2016:01, Working paper, 2016)
      This policy note shares insights from CICERO's experience in producing over 60 second opinions. Insights on the environmental integrity of green bonds include: 1) Management that is aligned for climate risk can give greater ...
    • Green electricity investment timing in practice: Real options or net present value? 

      Fleten, Stein-Erik; Linnerud, Kristin; Molnar, Peter; Nygård, Maria Tandberg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Using data from 214 hydropower projects in Norway we study whether investors in renewable energy projects exert discretion about the timing of investment decisions. We know from interviews with these investors that they ...