Now showing items 616-635 of 938

    • Observational Evidence of Increasing Global Radiative Forcing 

      Kramer, Ryan J.; He, Haozhe; Soden, Brian J.; Oreopoulos, Lazaros; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Smith, Christopher J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Changes in atmospheric composition, such as increasing greenhouse gases, cause an initial radiative imbalance to the climate system, quantified as the instantaneous radiative forcing. This fundamental metric has not been ...
    • Observations suggest that North African dust absorbs less solar radiation than models estimate 

      Adebiyi, Adeyemi A.; Huang, Yue; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Kok, Jasper F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Desert dust accounts for a large fraction of shortwave radiation absorbed by aerosols, which adds to the climate warming produced by greenhouse gases. However, it remains uncertain exactly how much shortwave radiation dust ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...
    • Offentlige innkjøp som klimapolitisk virkemiddel: potensialet for å kutte utslipp i matsystemet 

      van Oort, Bob; Holmelin, Nina; Milford, Anna Birgitte (CICERO Report;2021:08, Report, 2021-12)
      I denne rapporten undersøker vi i hvilken grad offentlige innkjøp av mat og drikke kan benyttes som et virkemiddel for å redusere klimagassutslipp. Hvor slagkraftig offentlige innkjøp er i å bidra til kostholdsendringer ...
    • Om vurdering av klima og miljøeffekter ved innføring av ny teknologi 

      Aunan, Kristin; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;1997:01, Working paper, 1997)
      Ny teknologi innebærerer normalt bedre løsninger, og har vanligvis positive økonomiske og miljømessige effekter. Bakgrunnen for forslaget om COGEN-anlegget ved Borregaard er imidlertid at en vesentlig del av energitilbudet ...
    • On the question of PPP corrections to the SRES scenarios 

      Holtsmark, Bjart; Alfsen, Knut H. (CICERO Policy Note;2004:01, Working paper, 2004)
      Ian Castles and David Henderson have criticized IPCC’s Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) (IPCC, 2000) for using market exchange rates (MER) instead of purchasing power parities (PPP) when converting regional GDP ...
    • One world or two? Science–policy interactions in the climate field 

      Sundqvist, G.; Gasper, Des; St. Clair, Asuncion; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Yearley, Steven; Tvedten, Irene Øvstebø; Wynne, Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article assesses how science–policy interactions are conceptualized in the social sciences with special reference to climate change and the IPCC. In terms of the dimension of distance (or proximity) between science ...
    • Ontario Province 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2014:002, Report, 2014-06-26)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Municipal Government, Issuer type: Local Government, Shading: Not shaded
    • Oppdatering av kunnskap om konsekvenser av klimaendringer i Norge 

      Aall, Carlo; Aamaas, Borgar; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Alnes, Kristina; Oort, Bob van; Dannevig, Halvor; Hønsi, Torunn (CICERO Report;2018:14, Research report, 2018)
      Formålet med denne rapporten er å sammenstille det eksisterende kunnskapsgrunnlaget om konsekvenser av klimaendringer for Norge. De følgende fire problemstillinger blir belyst med tanke på hvordan kunnskapsutviklingen har ...
    • Oppdatering av verdier for "Global Warming Potentials (GWP)" i forbindelse med IPCC prosessen 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Policy Note;1994:02, Working paper, 1994)
    • Optimal asset allocation for commodity sovereign wealth funds 

      Irarrazabal Flores, Alfonso; Ma, Lin; Parra-Alvarez, Juan Carlos (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      This paper studies the dynamic asset allocation problem faced by an infinitively lived commodity-based sovereign wealth fund under incomplete markets. Assuming that the fund receives a non-tradable stream of commodity ...
    • Optimal energy economics under global environmental constraints 

      Gottinger, Hans W. (CICERO Working Paper;1993:09, Working paper, 1993)
      _________________________________________________________ The author of this report, Hans Gottinger, has been regrettably found guilty of several counts of plagiarism. While we have no definitive proof that this particular ...
    • Option values and the timing of climate policy 

      Froyn, Camilla Bretteville; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2003:04, Working paper, 2003)
      This paper reconsiders the importance of irreversibilities in climate change policy. The model presented here captures the irreversibility of both climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions and abatement technology ...
    • Organizational setting, institutional design and actor behaviour in the IPCC process 

      Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Working Paper;1992:04, Working paper, 1992)
    • Oslo Bolig Og Sparelag (OBOS) 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2017:012, Report, 2017-10-13)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Overcoming global inequality is critical for land-based mitigation in line with the Paris Agreement 

      Humpenöder, Florian; Popp, Alexander; Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich; Orlov, Anton; Windisch, Michael Gregory; Menke, Inga; Pongratz, Julia; Havermann, Felix; Thiery, Wim; Luo, Fei; v. Jeetze, Patrick; Dietrich, Jan Philipp; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Weindl, Isabelle; Lejeune, Quentin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Transformation pathways for the land sector in line with the Paris Agreement depend on the assumption of globally implemented greenhouse gas (GHG) emission pricing, and in some cases also on inclusive socio-economic ...
    • Overordnet analyse av konsekvenser av klimaendringer på natur og samfunn i Rogaland 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berg, Alexander O. (CICERO Report;2019:19, Report, 2019-11)
      Rogaland fylkeskommune har gitt et konsortium av Vestlandforsking, CICERO Senter for klimaforskning, NORCE og MET i oppdrag å utrede konsekvenser av klimaendringer på natur og samfunn i Rogaland – utfordringer, muligheter ...
    • Örebro 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2018:025, Report, 2018-11-02)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Municipal Government, Issuer type: Local Government, Shading: Medium Green
    • Östersund 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2017:018, Report, 2017-11-17)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Municipal Government, Issuer type: Local Government, Shading: Dark Green
    • The Paris Agreement has the potential to facilitate ambitious climate action: a reply to ‘Why do climate change negotiations stall? Scientific evidence and solutions for some structural problems’ by Ulrich J. Frey and Jazmin Burgess 

      Kallbekken, Steffen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Frey and Burgess (2022) argue that climate change negotiations have stalled because of the global public goods nature of the problem, the consensus decision-making process and the lack of institutions to enforce sanctions. ...