Now showing items 57-76 of 509

    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Can geological carbon storage be competitive? 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2004:05, Working paper, 2004)
      In this paper we review the literature on the costs and benefits of geological carbon storage and the estimates of greenhouse gas permit prices under the Kyoto Protocol commitment period and beyond. Combining these results ...
    • Can multi-criteria rules fairly distribute climate burdens? OECD results from three burden-sharing rules 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1998:06, Working paper, 1998)
      An important feature of the Protocol concluded in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 is the differentiation of the climate targets of the industrialized countries. A more systematic approach to burden sharing than that leading ...
    • Can the Clean Development Mechanism attain both cost-effectiveness and sustainable development objectives? 

      Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:08, Working paper, 2001)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as defined in the Kyoto Protocol, has two objectives: to promote sustainable development in host developing countries, and to improve global cost-effectiveness by assisting developed ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Carbon capture and storage projects under the climate policy regime: The case of Halten CO2 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Rypdal, Kristin; Tjernshaugen, Andreas (CICERO Report;2007:09, Research report, 2007)
      The report discusses institutional and policy issues associated with implementation of a planned carbon capture and storage plant in Mid-Norway under the international and national climate policy regime.
    • Carbon sequestration in sinks: An overview of potential and costs 

      Kolshus, Hans H. (CICERO Working Paper;2001:11, Working paper, 2001)
      Prior to the resumed climate negotiations in Bonn in July this year, it was thought that an agreement on the unresolved crunch issues of the Kyoto Protocol was unrealistic. This was primarily due to the US withdrawal from ...
    • Carbon taxes: An international tax or harmonized domestic taxes? 

      Hoel, Michael (CICERO Working Paper;1991:01, Working paper, 1991)
    • Case studies on climate change response policies and strategies of selected Annex I countries: Norway and Sweden 

      Aakre, Stine; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2007:10, Research report, 2007)
    • CDM baseline methodologies and carbon leakage 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Flottorp, Line Sunniva; Rive, Nathan (CICERO Working Paper;2006:03, Working paper, 2006)
      Carbon leakage is an important issue because it can reduce the environmental effectiveness of international climate agreements. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) can potentially reduce carbon ...
    • Choosing regulatory options when environmental costs are uncertain 

      Gottinger, Hans W. (CICERO Working Paper;1993:05, Working paper, 1993)
      _________________________________________________________ The author of this report, Hans Gottinger, has been regrettably found guilty of several counts of plagiarism. While we have no definitive proof that this particular ...
    • CICERO MILESTONES 2018. A practitioner's perpective on the Green Bond Market 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Dejonckheere, Sophie; Lund, Harald Francke; Schiessl, Bernhard; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2018:11, Research report, 2018-09-07)
      Celebrating our 10th anniversary of providing second opinions, this report summarizes CICERO's approach and best practice application of our methodology. The green bond market has developed significantly since we assessed ...
    • CICERONE 1992-1 

      Hanisch, Ted; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (1992:1;, Others, 1992-10-13)
    • CICERONE 1992-2 

      Hanisch, Ted; Underdal, Arild; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Hagem, Cathrine; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Selrod, Rolf (1992:2;, Others, 1992-12-11)
    • Climate, air pollution and energy in Hungary 

      Seip, Hans Martin; Aunan, Kristin; Bándi, Gyula; Haugland, Torleif; Matlary, Janne Haaland; Szlávik, János; Tajthy, Edith; Tajthy, Tihamér; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1995:02, Research report, 1995)
      Within five to ten years, Hungary will have to design an overall environmental policy. In the meantime, Hungarian decision makers have an opportunity to make preparations in order to meet domestic as well as global ...
    • Climate agreements: Optimal taxation of fossil fuels and the distribution of cost and benefits across countries 

      Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1997:05, Working paper, 1997)
      The paper analyses governments' response to a climate agreement that commits themselves to reducing their emissions of CO2. A formula for optimal taxation of fossil fuels in open economies subject both to an emission ...
    • Climate agreements under limited participation, asymmetric information and market imperfections: A summary of a Dr.polit. Thesis 

      Hagem, Cathrine (CICERO Report;1996:06, Research report, 1996)
      Marginal abatement costs differ among countries. A climate treaty that specifies fixed emissions reductions for the different countries that participate will therefore, in general, not achieve a cost-effective distribution ...
    • Climate change, risk management and the end of Nomadic pastoralism 

      Næss, Marius Warg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Mobility has been argued to be the single factor explaining why some pastoralists do relatively well during extreme climatic events, while others do not, because mobility works by taking advantage of the spatial and temporal ...
    • Climate change: Scientific background and process 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Seip, Hans Martin; Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Report;2000:01, Research report, 2000)
      The paper gives a brief description of natural and man-made forces behind climate change and outlines climate variations in the past together with a brief synopsis likely future impacts of anthropogenic emissions of ...
    • Climate change: Some elements from the scientific background and the scientific process 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Working Paper;1998:11, Working paper, 1998)
      Concluding remarks: On the nature of the climate problem The problem of climate change is not, despite popular conception, mainly a problem of increased global average temperature. The seriousness of the problem is more ...