• Side-payments: an effective instrument for building climate clubs? 

      Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Climate clubs have been suggested as a gateway to substantial reductions in global emissions. The club approach begins with a small number of enthusiastic countries. This paper asks under what conditions such clubs are ...
    • Silos as barriers to public sector climate adaptation and preparedness: insights from road closures in Norway 

      Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Jacobsen, Jens Kristian Steen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Organisational perspectives propose that structural arrangements affect policy outcomes. Drawing on these perspectives, it is worthwhile to find out whether and how disagreements among public authorities create barriers ...
    • Similar patterns of tropical precipitation and circulation changes under solar and greenhouse gas forcing 

      Misios, Stergios; Kasoar, Matthew; Kasoar, Elliott; Gray, Lesley; Haigh, Joanna; Stathopoulos, Stavros; Kourtidis, Konstantinos; Myhre, Gunnar; Olivié, Dirk; Shindell, Drew; Tang, Tao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Theory and model evidence indicate a higher global hydrological sensitivity for the same amount of surface warming to solar as to greenhouse gas (GHG) forcing, but regional patterns are highly uncertain due to their ...
    • Sintef Sustainability Accelerator Fund 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-08-11)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: R&D, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • SK innovation 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-04-19)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Manufacturing, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB ) 

      CICERO Shades of Green (Report, 2022-01-26)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Banking, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Medium Green
    • Skanska 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2018:006, Report, 2018-03-21)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Skåne region 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2016:004, Report, 2016-09-28)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Municipal Government, Issuer type: Local Government, Shading: Dark Green
    • Skogtiltak mot klimaendringer: Oversikt og status etter fjerde partskonferanse til Klimakonvensjonen 

      Næss, Lars Otto (CICERO Report;1999:01, Research report, 1999)
      Hensikten med publikasjonen er å gi et en sammenfatning av spørsmål knyttet til tiltak i skogbruket for å motvirke globale klimaendringer. Hovedvekt er lagt på skogtiltak i klimaforhandlingene og teknisk karbonbindingspotensial. ...
    • Skue Sparebank 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2022-08-16)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Banking, Issuer type: Financial Institution, Shading: Light Green
    • Smart hedging against carbon leakage 

      Böhringer, Christoph; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Storrøsten, Halvor Briseid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Policy makers in the EU and elsewhere are concerned that unilateral pricing of the carbon externality induces carbon leakage through relocation of emission-intensive and trade-exposed production to other regions. A common ...
    • Småkraft 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2018:020, Report, 2018-08-29)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Smoothing a reference pathway based on discrete exogenous projections 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In integrated assessment studies and scenario analysis, typically we need to calibrate a model to follow an exogenous pathway, e.g., the shared socioeconomic pathways. In these exogenous pathways, the data of key variables ...
    • Social and political barriers to green tax reform: The case of CO2-taxes in Norway 

      Kasa, Sjur (CICERO Policy Note;1999:05, Working paper, 1999)
      In this paper, I present the story of several attempts to tax Norwegian mainland emission intensive industries during the 1990s. These industries, mainly made up of aluminium and ferro-alloy producers located in the Norwegian ...
    • Social benefits of energy conservation in Hungary: An examination of alternative methods of evaluation 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin; Seip, Hans Martin (CICERO Working Paper;1997:10, Working paper, 1997)
      This study aims at comparing alternative methods for a valuation of the social benefits of less air pollution. Estimates of such benefits can be based either on the economic consequences of less damage associated with ...
    • Social exclusion and unemployment in the European Union: Current and future trends 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Twena, Michelle (CICERO Report;2005:01, Research report, 2005)
      This report analyses trends for the development of social exclusion in member states of the European Union. Relationships between indicators for economic development and social exclusion are examined with reference to ...
    • Socio-economic consequences of climate change in Hindu-Kush Himalaya 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Dhakal, Kabindra; Orlov, Anton (CICERO Report;2017:07, Research report, 2017-11-13)
      The answer to how climate change will affect Hindu-Kush-Himalaya depends on whom you ask. Some will point at expected changes in climate, others will show what it may do to poor people, and some will express their concerns ...
    • Sogn og Fjordane Energi AS (SFE) 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2021-05-11)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Soil carbon sequestration and the CDM: Opportunities and the CDM 

      Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Report;1999:07, Research report, 1999)
      The agriculture sector dominates the economies of most sub-Saharan countries, contributing about one-third of the region’s GDP, accounting for forty percent of the export, and employing about two-thirds of the economically ...
    • Solör Bioenergi AB 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2020:039, Report, 2020-10-01)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green