Now showing items 637-656 of 977

    • Norwegian Climate Policies 1990-2010: Principles, Policy Instruments and Political Economy Aspects 

      Moe, Thorvald (CICERO Policy Note;2010:03, Working paper, 2010)
      Norwegian climate policies with a focus on the mitigation of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions over the last twenty years, the period of the existence of CICERO, is critically reviewed and analysed in this policy paper. Best ...
    • Norwegian mayoral awareness of and attitudes towards climate change 

      Orderud, Geir; Kelman, Ilan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      The willingness of local politicians to implement measures for curbing greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to emerging conditions is essential for successful climate change policies. This article reports findings from a ...
    • Norwegian petroleum policy in a changing climate 

      Lahn, Bård (CICERO Report;2019:10, Report, 2019-08)
      The report provides an up-to-date account of the debates about how Norway can best handle its paradoxical position between oil dependence and climate leadership ambitions. Historically, political actors have sought to ...
    • Now you see it now you don't: Expose and critique of approaches to the study of European integration 

      Matlary, Janne Haaland (CICERO Working Paper;1993:07, Working paper, 1993)
    • NOx emissions from aircraft: Effects of lightning and convection on changes in tropospheric ozone 

      Berntsen, Terje Koren; Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Working Paper;1998:05, Working paper, 1998)
      A global 3-dimensional chemical tracer model (CTM) has been used to study the impact on tropospheric ozone caused by NOx emissions from today’s fleet of subsonic aircraft (0.52 Tg(N)/yr), due to uncertainties in sources ...
    • Nuclear Energy: Rise, Fall and Resurrection 

      Twena, Michelle (CICERO Working Paper;2006:01, Working paper, 2006)
      This paper charts the rise, fall and potential resurrection of the civilian nuclear power industry over the past fifty years in the UK. The role of actors, interests, institutions and ideas are explored using Baumgartner ...
    • Numerical simulation and evaluation of global ultrafine particle concentrations at the Earth's surface 

      Kohl, Matthias; Lelieveld, Jos; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Ehrhart, Sebastian; Sharma, Disha; Cheng, Yafang; Tripathi, Sachchida Nand; Sebastian, Mathew; Pandithurai, Govindan; Wang, Hongli; Pozzer, Andrea (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      A new global dataset of annually averaged ultrafine particle (UFP) concentrations at the Earth's surface for the years 2015–2017 has been developed through numerical simulations using the ECHAM/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry ...
    • Observational Evidence of Increasing Global Radiative Forcing 

      Kramer, Ryan J.; He, Haozhe; Soden, Brian J.; Oreopoulos, Lazaros; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Smith, Christopher J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Changes in atmospheric composition, such as increasing greenhouse gases, cause an initial radiative imbalance to the climate system, quantified as the instantaneous radiative forcing. This fundamental metric has not been ...
    • Observations suggest that North African dust absorbs less solar radiation than models estimate 

      Adebiyi, Adeyemi A.; Huang, Yue; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Kok, Jasper F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Desert dust accounts for a large fraction of shortwave radiation absorbed by aerosols, which adds to the climate warming produced by greenhouse gases. However, it remains uncertain exactly how much shortwave radiation dust ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...
    • Offentlige innkjøp som klimapolitisk virkemiddel: potensialet for å kutte utslipp i matsystemet 

      van Oort, Bob; Holmelin, Nina; Milford, Anna Birgitte (CICERO Report;2021:08, Report, 2021-12)
      I denne rapporten undersøker vi i hvilken grad offentlige innkjøp av mat og drikke kan benyttes som et virkemiddel for å redusere klimagassutslipp. Hvor slagkraftig offentlige innkjøp er i å bidra til kostholdsendringer ...
    • Om vurdering av klima og miljøeffekter ved innføring av ny teknologi 

      Aunan, Kristin; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;1997:01, Working paper, 1997)
      Ny teknologi innebærerer normalt bedre løsninger, og har vanligvis positive økonomiske og miljømessige effekter. Bakgrunnen for forslaget om COGEN-anlegget ved Borregaard er imidlertid at en vesentlig del av energitilbudet ...
    • On the question of PPP corrections to the SRES scenarios 

      Holtsmark, Bjart; Alfsen, Knut H. (CICERO Policy Note;2004:01, Working paper, 2004)
      Ian Castles and David Henderson have criticized IPCC’s Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) (IPCC, 2000) for using market exchange rates (MER) instead of purchasing power parities (PPP) when converting regional GDP ...
    • One world or two? Science–policy interactions in the climate field 

      Sundqvist, G.; Gasper, Des; St. Clair, Asuncion; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Yearley, Steven; Tvedten, Irene Øvstebø; Wynne, Brian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article assesses how science–policy interactions are conceptualized in the social sciences with special reference to climate change and the IPCC. In terms of the dimension of distance (or proximity) between science ...
    • Ontario Province 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2014:002, Report, 2014-06-26)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Municipal Government, Issuer type: Local Government, Shading: Not shaded
    • Oppdatering av kunnskap om konsekvenser av klimaendringer i Norge 

      Aall, Carlo; Aamaas, Borgar; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Alnes, Kristina; Oort, Bob van; Dannevig, Halvor; Hønsi, Torunn (CICERO Report;2018:14, Research report, 2018)
      Formålet med denne rapporten er å sammenstille det eksisterende kunnskapsgrunnlaget om konsekvenser av klimaendringer for Norge. De følgende fire problemstillinger blir belyst med tanke på hvordan kunnskapsutviklingen har ...
    • Oppdatering av verdier for "Global Warming Potentials (GWP)" i forbindelse med IPCC prosessen 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Policy Note;1994:02, Working paper, 1994)
    • Optimal asset allocation for commodity sovereign wealth funds 

      Irarrazabal Flores, Alfonso; Ma, Lin; Parra-Alvarez, Juan Carlos (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      This paper studies the dynamic asset allocation problem faced by an infinitively lived commodity-based sovereign wealth fund under incomplete markets. Assuming that the fund receives a non-tradable stream of commodity ...
    • Optimal energy economics under global environmental constraints 

      Gottinger, Hans W. (CICERO Working Paper;1993:09, Working paper, 1993)
      _________________________________________________________ The author of this report, Hans Gottinger, has been regrettably found guilty of several counts of plagiarism. While we have no definitive proof that this particular ...
    • Option values and the timing of climate policy 

      Froyn, Camilla Bretteville; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2003:04, Working paper, 2003)
      This paper reconsiders the importance of irreversibilities in climate change policy. The model presented here captures the irreversibility of both climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions and abatement technology ...