Now showing items 552-571 of 977

    • Lietuvos Energijas 

      CICERO Center for International Climate Research (Second opinions;2017:007, Report, 2017-06-22)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Like having an electric car on the roof: Domesticating PV solar panels in Norway 

      Winther, Tanja; Westskog, Hege; Sæle, Hanne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Worldwide, the number of electricity end-users who produce electricity and feed it to the grid, denoted ‘prosumers’, is increasing. Following innovations in policy, technology (e.g. inverters, smart meters), tariffing and ...
    • The limited influence of climate norms on leisure air travel 

      Aasen, Marianne; Thøgersen, John; Vatn, Arild; Dunlap, Riley; Fisher, Dana; Hellevik, Ottar; Stern, Paul C. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This paper adds to our understanding of how people’s climate change concern and norms influence their leisure air travel. It does so by examining the roles of Norwegians’ beliefs about climate change and emissions from air ...
    • Limiting global warming to 1.5 °C will lower increases in inequalities of four hazard indicators of climate change 

      Shiogama, Hideo; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Fujimori, Shinichiro; Murakami, Daisuke; Takahashi, Kiyoshi; Tanaka, Katsumasa; Emori, Seita; Kubota, Izumi; Abe, Manabu; Imada, Yukiko; Watanabe, Masahiro; Mitchell, Daniel; Schaller, Nathalie; Sillmann, Jana; Fischer, Erich; Scinocca, John F.; Bethke, Ingo; Lierhammer, Ludwig; Takakura, Jun'ya; Trautmann, Tim; Döll, Petra; Ostberg, Sebastian; Schmied, Hannes Müller; Saeed, Fahad; Schleussner, Carl-Friedrich (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Clarifying characteristics of hazards and risks of climate change at 2 °C and 1.5 °C global warming is important for understanding the implications of the Paris Agreement. We perform and analyze large ensembles of 2 °C ...
    • Linking the emissions trading schemes of Europe and China - Combining climate and energy policy instruments 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Both Europe and China have announced targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction and renewable energy development. To achieve their emissions targets, Europe has introduced emissions trading scheme (ETS) since 2005 and ...
    • Local and remote temperature response of regional SO2 emissions 

      Lewinschal, Anna; Ekman, Annica M. L.; Hansson, Hans-Christen; Sand, Maria; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Langner, Joakim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Short-lived anthropogenic climate forcers (SLCFs), such as sulfate aerosols, affect both climate and air quality. Despite being short-lived, these forcers do not affect temperatures only locally; regions far away from the ...
    • Local biomass burning is a dominant cause of the observed precipitation reduction in southern Africa 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Sillmann, Jana; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations indicate a precipitation decline over large parts of southern Africa since the 1950s. Concurrently, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols have increased due to anthropogenic activities. ...
    • Lokale datakilder - Endelig notat 

      Romundstad, Reidun Marie; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Madslien, Anne (CICERO Report;2020:09, Report, 2020-11)
      Klimaetaten, Oslo kommune engasjerte i 2020 CICERO Senter for klimaforskning og Transportøkonomisk institutt (TØI) for ekstern bistand til arbeid med lokale datakilder for klimagassutslipp, utover de som i dag brukes i ...
    • Look to Sweden: The making of a new renewable energy support scheme in Norway 

      Gullberg, Anne Therese; Bang, Guri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Two renewable energy support schemes have spread across Europe: green certificate schemes (GCSs) and feed-in tariffs (FITs). After a decade-long policy-making process, Norwegian decision makers decided in 2011 to adopt a ...
    • Looking back and looking forward—adapting to extreme weather events in municipalities in western Norway 

      Amundsen, Helene; Dannevig, Halvor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In October 2014, an extreme precipitation event hit western Norway, which caused flooding, landslides and severe damage to infrastructure and houses. Climate model projections for western Norway show that heavy precipitation ...
    • Luftfart og klima - En oppdatert oversikt over status for forskning på klimaeffekter av utslipp fra fly 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (CICERO Report;2016:05, Research report, 2016)
      Denne rapporten gir en oppdatert oversikt over hvordan og i hvilken grad de ulike utslippene fra flytrafikk påvirker klima basert på den nyeste forskningen. For å forstå den totale klimaeffekten av luftfart er det viktig ...
    • A machine learning approach targeting parameter estimation for plant functional type coexistence modeling using ELM-FATES (v2.0) 

      Li, Lingcheng; Fang, Yilin; Zheng, Zhonghua; Shi, Mingjie; Longo, Marcos; Koven, Charles D.; Holm, Jennifer A.; Fisher, Rosie; McDowell, Nate G.; Chambers, Jeffrey; Leung, L. Ruby (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Tropical forest dynamics play a crucial role in the global carbon, water, and energy cycles. However, realistically simulating the dynamics of competition and coexistence between different plant functional types (PFTs) in ...
    • A machine learning examination of hydroxyl radical differences among model simulations for CCMI-1 

      Nicely, Julie M.; Duncan, Bryan; Hanisco, Thomas F.; Wolfe, Glenn M.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Deushi, Makoto; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Jöckel, Patrick; Josse, Béatrice; Kinnison, Douglas E.; Klekociuk, Andrew; Manyin, Michael E.; Marécal, Virginie; Morgenstern, Olaf; Murray, Lee T.; Myhre, Gunnar; Oman, Luke D.; Pitari, Giovanni; Pozzer, Andrea; Quaglia, Ilaria; Revell, Laura E.; Rozanov, Eugene; Stenke, Andrea; Stone, Kane; Strahan, Susan E.; Tilmes, Simone; Tost, Holger; Westervelt, Daniel M.; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The hydroxyl radical (OH) plays critical roles within the troposphere, such as determining the lifetime of methane (CH4), yet is challenging to model due to its fast cycling and dependence on a multitude of sources and ...
    • Making climate change negotiable: The development of the Global Warming Potential index 

      Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Working Paper;1999:09, Working paper, 1999)
      One important contribution from science to environmental negotiations is the provision of scientific models, methods and concepts that may serve as decision-making tools and that hence may assist policy-makers in developing ...
    • Many gases and many measures: Choice of targets and selection of measures in climate policy 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1997:04, Research report, 1997)
      This report discusses the economic impacts of taking a comprehensive approach to climate policy. A comprehensive climate policy implies that all relevant sources, sinks and reservoirs of climate gases are covered. From the ...
    • Many Miles to Paris: A Sectoral Innovation System Analysis of the Transport Sector in Norway and Canada in Light of the Paris Agreement 

      Koasidis, Konstantinos; Karamaneas, Anastasios; Nikas, Alexandros; Neofytou, Hera; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Vaillancourt, Kathleen; Doukas, Haris (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Transport is associated with high amounts of energy consumed and greenhouse gases emitted. Most transport means operate using fossil fuels, creating the urgent need for a rapid transformation of the sector. In this research, ...
    • Many Strong Voices: Outline for an assessment project design 

      CICERO, Senter for klimaforskning; UNEP/GRID, Arendal, (CICERO Report;2008:05, Research report, 2008)
      This document defines, guides, and supports the development and implementation of a full assessment of vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Small Island Developing States (SIDS), under the Many Strong Voices ...
    • Mapping ice in the Norwegian Arctic – on the edge between science and policy 

      Bay-Larsen, Ingrid Agathe; Bjørndal, Tone Gjesdal; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      n the Norwegian Arctic, petroleum exploration is prohibited north of the ice edge (the zone between solid sea ice and open ocean); the mapping and definition of the ice edge becomes the boundary for petroleum exploration. ...
    • Mapping the dependence of black carbon radiative forcing on emission region and season 

      Räisänen, Petri; Merikanto, Joonas; Makkonen, Risto; Savolahti, Mikko; Kirkevåg, Alf; Sand, Maria; Seland, Øyvind; Partanen, Antti-Ilari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      For short-lived climate forcers such as black carbon (BC), the atmospheric concentrations, radiative forcing (RF), and, ultimately, the subsequent effects on climate, depend on the location and timing of the emissions. ...
    • Marine cloud brightening – as effective without clouds 

      Ahlm, Lars; Jones, Andy; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Muri, Helene; Kravitz, Ben; Kristjansson, Jon Egill (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)