Now showing items 243-262 of 972

    • Disaggregating the Electricity Sector in the GRACE Model. 

      Rive, Nathan; Mideksa, Torben Kenea (CICERO Report;2009:02, Research report, 2009)
    • Distinct responses of Asian summer monsoon to black carbon aerosols and greenhouse gases 

      Xie, Xiaoning; Myhre, Gunnar; Liu, Xiaodong; Li, Xinzhou; Shi, Zhengguo; Wang, Hongli; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko; Liu, Yangang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols emitted from natural and anthropogenic sources induce positive radiative forcing and global warming, which in turn significantly affect the Asian summer monsoon (ASM). However, many aspects of ...
    • Distribution of emission costs under different regulation schemes in Norway 

      Godal, Odd; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1998:08, Working paper, 1998)
      The main aim of this paper is to describe how today's carbon dioxide (CO2) tax scheme affects the various sectors of the Norwegian economy. Furthermore, we want to illuminate some possible distributive consequences that ...
    • Distributive fairness: A mutual recognition approach 

      Underdal, Arild; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Can norms of distributive fairness serve as pillars of a new and more effective global climate regime? Three general principles – responsibilities, capabilities (capacity), and needs (or rights) – are frequently invoked ...
    • Dominant agents and intertemporal emissions trading 

      Hagem, Cathrine; Westskog, Hege (CICERO Working Paper;2004:11, Working paper, 2004)
      In this paper we analyze how restricting intertemporal trading by prohibiting borrowing of emission permits affects the ability of a dominant agent to exploit its market power, and the consequences this has for the ...
    • Downscaling probability of long heatwaves based on seasonal mean daily maximum temperatures 

      Benestad, Rasmus; Oort, Bob van; Justino, Flavio; Stordal, Frode; Parding, Kajsa; Mezghani, Abdelkader; Erlandsen, Helene B.; Sillmann, Jana; Pereira-Flores, Milton E (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      A methodology for estimating and downscaling the probability associated with the duration of heatwaves is presented and applied as a case study for Indian wheat crops. These probability estimates make use of empirical-statistical ...
    • Driving forces in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in east and south coastal China: commonality and variations 

      Gao, Chaochao; Liu, Yonghong; Jin, Jun; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhang, Jianying; Zhu, Lizhong (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      As the world's top carbon dioxide emitter, China is expected to reach its emissions peak by 2030. East and south coastal China contribute nearly one-third of the emissions in China, and therefore play a critical role in ...
    • Dynamical response of Mediterranean precipitation to greenhouse gases and aerosols 

      Tang, Tao; Shindell, Drew; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Boucher, Olivier; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Sillmann, Jana; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Gregory S.; Fläschner, Dagmar; Iversen, Trond; Kasoar, Matthew; Kharin, Viatcheslav; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Richardson, Thomas; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • East Renewable 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:018, Report, 2019-06-12)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Eastnine 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2020:037, Report, 2020-09-24)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Economic and Environmental Benefits from Municipal Solid Waste Recycling in the Murmansk Region 

      Orlov, Anton; Klyuchnikova, Elene; Korppoo, Anna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Most municipal solid waste (MSW) in Russia is disposed of in landfills, and only a relatively small fraction is recycled. The landfilling of waste leads to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and air and groundwater pollution. ...
    • Economic impacts of climate change on tuna fisheries in Fiji Islands and Kiribati 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Sygna, Linda (CICERO Report;2000:04, Research report, 2000)
      This paper discusses the possible economic consequences of a change in the tuna fisheries in the Pacific Ocean resulting from climate change. On the background of Lehodey's (2000) study of potential changes in the tuna ...
    • Effect of European post-Kyoto Climate Policies on Nordic Air Quality 

      Rypdal, Kristin; Rive, Nathan; Aunan, Kristin; Åström, Stefan; Bak, Jesper L.; Karvosenoja, Niko; Kupiainen, Kaarle (CICERO Report;2007:01, Research report, 2007)
      Stricter commitments for GHG emissions in the post-Kyoto period will contribute to reduced emissions of air pollutants in the Nordic countries, avoided costs for end-of-pipe abatement to reach a specific target, and benefits ...
    • The effect of rapid adjustments to halocarbons and N2O on radiative forcing 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Kramer, Ryan J.; Shine, Keith P.; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Greg; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Rapid adjustments occur after initial perturbation of an external climate driver (e.g., CO2) and involve changes in, e.g. atmospheric temperature, water vapour and clouds, independent of sea surface temperature changes. ...
    • Effectiveness of integrated low-carbon technologies: Evidence from a pilot agricultural experiment in Shanghai 

      Fan, Chunzeng; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Purpose – Constructing a low-carbon agriculture park is considered an effective means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. This study explores the effectiveness of integrated low-carbon agricultural ...
    • Effects of anthropogenic emissions on tropospheric ozone and its radiative forcing 

      Berntsen, Terje Koren; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Myhre, Gunnar; Larsen, T. Alsvik; Stordal, Frode; Freckleton, R. S.; Shine, Keith P. (CICERO Report;1997:02, Research report, 1997)
      Tropospheric ozone changes since pre-industrial times due to changes in emissions have been calculated by the University of Oslo global 3-D photochemical model. The radiative forcing caused by the increase in ozone has ...
    • Effects of reductions in stratospheric ozone on tropospheric chemistry through changes in photolysis rates 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Jonson, J. E.; Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Report;1993:05, Research report, 1993)
      The observed reductions in stratospheric ozone since the late 1970s are likely to have affected the penetration of UV radiation into the troposphere. We have examined the sensitivity and the response of the tropospheric ...
    • Effects on consumer demand patterns of falling prices in telecommunication 

      Holtsmark, Bjart; Aasness, Jørgen (CICERO Working Paper;1995:08, Working paper, 1995)
      The relentless technological change in telecommunication industry is forcing down many of the cost elements of a telephone call. Already, the marginal costs of the use of telecommunication networks are so low that these ...
    • Effektiv klimakommunikasjon -Trender og fakta 2018 

      Arnslett, Astrid; Bjørnæs, Christian; Lannoo, Elisabeth (CICERO Report;2018:09, Research report, 2018-08-14)
      Dersom vi skal klare å holde den globale oppvarmingen godt under 2°C og helst under 1,5°C slik Parisavtalen sier, så haster det å gjennomføre det grønne skriftet. Vi vet omtrentlig hva som må gjøres, og mye av politikken ...
    • Effektiv klimapolitikk etter Rio 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;1993:01, Working paper, 1993)