Now showing items 363-382 of 468

    • A review of trends and drivers of greenhouse gas emissions by sector from 1990 to 2018 

      Lamb, William F.; Wiedmann, Thomas O; Pongratz, Julia; Andrew, Robbie; Crippa, Monica; Olivier, Jos G. J.; Wiedenhofer, Dominik; Mattioli, Giulio; Khourdajie, Alaa Al; House, Jo; Pachauri, Shonali; Figueroa, Maria J.; Saheb, Yamina; Slade, Raphael; Hubacek, Klaus; Sun, Laixiang; Ribeiro, Suzana Kahn; Khennas, Smail; De La Rue Du Can, Stephane; Chapungu, Lazarus; Davis, Steven J.; Bashmakov, Igor; Dai, Hancheng; Dhakal, Shobhakar; Tan, Xianchun; Geng, Yong; Gu, Baihe; Minx, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be traced to five economic sectors: energy, industry, buildings, transport and AFOLU (agriculture, forestry and other land uses). In this topical review, we synthesise the literature ...
    • Right-wing populism and climate policies: Explaining opposition to road tolls in Norway 

      Aasen, Marianne; Sælen, Håkon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      In 2019, the road toll uproar in Norway contributed to a governmental crisis and road tolls became the most debated issue in the media. Using survey data of around 2,000 respondents, we explore what characterizes opponents ...
    • The role of community sharing in sustainability transformation: case studies from Norway 

      Westskog, Hege; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Kallbekken, Steffen; Frenken, Koen; Schor, Juliet; Standal, Karina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Based on three case studies of community sharing in different sectors of society, we address how and under what conditions community sharing can contribute to sustainability transformation. Considering modes of exchange ...
    • The role of spatial and temporal model resolution in a flood event storyline approach in western Norway 

      Schaller, Nathalie; Sillmann, Jana; Müller, Malte; Haarsma, Reindert; Hazeleger, Wilco; Hegdahl, Trine Jahr; Kelder, Timo; van den Oord, Gijs; Weerts, Albrecht; Whan, Kirien (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      We apply a physical climate storyline approach to an autumn flood event in the West Coast of Norway caused by an atmospheric river to demonstrate the value and challenges of higher spatial and temporal resolution in ...
    • Satellite-based evaluation of AeroCom model bias in biomass burning regions 

      Zhong, Qirui; Schutgens, Nick; Van Der Werf, Guido; Van Noije, Twan; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Mielonen, Tero; Kirkevåg, Alf; Seland, Øyvind; Kokkola, Harri; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Neubauer, David; Kipling, Zak; Matsui, Hitoshi; Ginoux, Paul; Takemura, Toshihiko; Le Sager, Philippe; Rémy, Samuel; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Zhang, Kai; Zhu, Jialei; Tsyro, Svetlana; Curci, Gabriele; Protonotariou, Anna; Johnson, Ben; Penner, Joyce E.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global models are widely used to simulate biomass burning aerosol (BBA). Exhaustive evaluations on model representation of aerosol distributions and properties are fundamental to assess health and climate impacts of BBA. ...
    • Science as a "fixed point" Quantification and boundary objects in international climate politics 

      Lahn, Bård; Sundqvist, Göran (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Our understanding of climate change is dominated by quantified scientific knowledge, with science and politics usually seen as operating separately and autonomously from one another. By investigating a particular fact box ...
    • Scientific data from precipitation driver response model intercomparison project 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Sandstad, Marit; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Sillmann, Jana; Andrews, Timothy; Boucher, Olivier; Faluvegi, Gregory; Iversen, Trond; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kramer, Ryan J.; Liu, Longbo; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Quaas, Johannes; Richardson, Thomas B.; Shawki, Dilshad; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Chris; Stier, Philip; Tang, Tao; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      This data descriptor reports the main scientific values from General Circulation Models (GCMs) in the Precipitation Driver and Response Model Intercomparison Project (PDRMIP). The purpose of the GCM simulations has been ...
    • Seizing policy windows: Policy Influence of climate advocacy coalitions in Brazil, China, and India, 2000?2015 

      Aamodt, Solveig; Stensdal, Iselin Phoebe (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      What drives the development of climate policy? Brazil, China, and India have all changed their climate policies since 2000, and single-case analyses of climate policymaking have found that all three countries have had ...
    • Sensitivity of black carbon concentrations and climate impact to aging and scavenging in OsloCTM2-M7 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Accurate representation of black carbon (BC) concentrations in climate models is a key prerequisite for understanding its net climate impact. BC aging and scavenging are treated very differently in current models. Here, ...
    • Separating the shortwave and longwave components of greenhouse gas radiative forcing 

      Shine, Keith P.; Byrom, Rachael; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Many important greenhouse gases (including water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane and ozone) absorb solar radiation. When gas concentrations change, this absorption exerts a radiative forcing that modifies the thermal ...
    • Sharing a quota on cumulative carbon emissions 

      Raupach, Michael R.; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Canadell, Josep G.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jotzo, Frank; Le Quéré, Corinne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Any limit on future global warming is associated with a quota on cumulative global CO2 emissions. We translate this global carbon quota to regional and national scales, on a spectrum of sharing principles that extends from ...
    • Sharing among neighbours in a Norwegian suburb 

      Westskog, Hege; Aase, Tor Halfdan; Standal, Karina; Tellefsen, Sølvi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Sharing goods and services has been promoted as fostering more sustainable consumption. In this paper, we explore sharing in a middle-class neighbourhood in a Norwegian city. We ask what influences and frames neighbours’ ...
    • Side-payments: an effective instrument for building climate clubs? 

      Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Climate clubs have been suggested as a gateway to substantial reductions in global emissions. The club approach begins with a small number of enthusiastic countries. This paper asks under what conditions such clubs are ...
    • Silos as barriers to public sector climate adaptation and preparedness: insights from road closures in Norway 

      Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Jacobsen, Jens Kristian Steen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Organisational perspectives propose that structural arrangements affect policy outcomes. Drawing on these perspectives, it is worthwhile to find out whether and how disagreements among public authorities create barriers ...
    • Similar patterns of tropical precipitation and circulation changes under solar and greenhouse gas forcing 

      Misios, Stergios; Kasoar, Matthew; Kasoar, Elliott; Gray, Lesley; Haigh, Joanna; Stathopoulos, Stavros; Kourtidis, Konstantinos; Myhre, Gunnar; Olivié, Dirk; Shindell, Drew; Tang, Tao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Theory and model evidence indicate a higher global hydrological sensitivity for the same amount of surface warming to solar as to greenhouse gas (GHG) forcing, but regional patterns are highly uncertain due to their ...
    • Smart hedging against carbon leakage 

      Böhringer, Christoph; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Storrøsten, Halvor Briseid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Policy makers in the EU and elsewhere are concerned that unilateral pricing of the carbon externality induces carbon leakage through relocation of emission-intensive and trade-exposed production to other regions. A common ...
    • Smoothing a reference pathway based on discrete exogenous projections 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In integrated assessment studies and scenario analysis, typically we need to calibrate a model to follow an exogenous pathway, e.g., the shared socioeconomic pathways. In these exogenous pathways, the data of key variables ...
    • Spatial and sector-specific contributions of emissions to ambient air pollution and mortality in European cities: a health impact assessment 

      Khomenko, Sasha; Pisoni, Enrico; Thunis, Philippe; Bessagnet, Bertrand; Cirach, Marta; Iungman, Tamara; Barboza, Evelise Pereira; Khreis, Haneen; Mueller, Natalie; Tonne, Cathryn; de Hoogh, Kees; Hoek, Gerard; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Lelieveld, Jos; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Ambient air pollution is a major risk to health and wellbeing in European cities. We aimed to estimate spatial and sector-specific contributions of emissions to ambient air pollution and evaluate the effects of source-specific ...
    • Spatiotemporal Differentiation and Driving Mechanism of Coupling Coordination between New-Type Urbanization and Ecological Environment in China 

      Zhang, Yao; Wei, Taoyuan; Tian, Wentao; Zhao, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      The coupling coordination between new-type urbanization and ecological environment is important for regional sustainable development in China. This study proposes an evaluation index system of new urbanization and ecological ...
    • The Spectral Nature of Stratospheric Temperature Adjustment and its Application to Halocarbon Radiative Forcing 

      Shine, Keith Peter; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Stratospheric temperature adjustment (STA) is often a significant component of greenhouse gas radiative forcing (RF), for both the most widely used definition of RF and effective radiative forcing. It is well established ...