Now showing items 204-223 of 468

    • Global patterns of daily CO2 emissions reductions in the first year of COVID-19 

      Liu, Zhu; Deng, Zhu; Zhu, Biqing; Ciais, Philippe; Davis, Steven J.; Tan, Jianguang; Andrew, Robbie; Boucher, Olivier; Arous, Simon Ben; Canadell, Josep G.; Dou, Xinyu; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Gentine, Pierre; Guo, Rui; Hong, Chaopeng; Jackson, Robert B.; Kammen, Daniel M.; Ke, Piyu; Le Quéré, Corinne; Monica, Crippa; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Peters, Glen Philip; Tanaka, Katsumasa; Wang, Yilong; Zheng, Bo; Zhong, Haiwang; Sun, Taochun; Schellnhuber, Hans Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Day-to-day changes in CO2 emissions from human activities, in particular fossil-fuel combustion and cement production, reflect a complex balance of influences from seasonality, working days, weather and, most recently, the ...
    • Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change 

      Silva, Raquel A.; West, J. Jason; Zhang, Yuqiang; Anenberg, Susan C.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Shindell, Drew T.; Collins, William J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, Greg; Folberth, Gerd; Horowitz, Larry W.; Nagashima, Tatasuya; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, Steven; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, Philip; Cionni, Irene; Doherty, Ruth M.; Eyring, Veronika; Josse, Béatrice; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Plummer, David; Righi, Mattia; Stevenson, David S.; Strode, Sarah; Szopa, Sophie; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    • A global review of the state of the evidence of household air pollution's contribution to ambient fine particulate matter and their related health impacts 

      Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Pillarisetti, Ajay; Oberholzer, Alicia; Jetter, James; Mitchell, John; Cappuccilli, Eva; Aamaas, Borgar; Aunan, Kristin; Pozzer, Andrea; Alexander, Donee (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Direct exposure to household fine particulate air pollution (HAP) associated with inefficient combustion of fuels (wood, charcoal, coal, crop residues, kerosene, etc.) for cooking, space-heating, and lighting is estimated ...
    • Green electricity investment timing in practice: Real options or net present value? 

      Fleten, Stein-Erik; Linnerud, Kristin; Molnar, Peter; Nygård, Maria Tandberg (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Using data from 214 hydropower projects in Norway we study whether investors in renewable energy projects exert discretion about the timing of investment decisions. We know from interviews with these investors that they ...
    • Green transformation is a boundary object: An analysis of conceptualisation of transformation in Norwegian primary industries 

      Amundsen, Helene; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The concept of green transformation is burgeoning in the academic literature and policy discourses, yet few empirical studies investigate what the concept actually means to diverse actors, and how it manifests in practices. ...
    • A “greenhouse gas balance” for aviation in line with the Paris Agreement 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Kallbekken, Steffen; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Lee, David S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The effects of aviation on climate pose unique policy challenges. A large fraction of the CO2 emissions (65%) is international and not (explicitly) included in the Paris Agreement. The interpretation of Article 4.1 on ...
    • Guidelines for Modeling and Reporting Health Effects of Climate Change Mitigation Actions 

      Hess, Jeremy J.; Ranadive, Nikhil; Boyer, Chris; Aleksandrowicz, Lukasz; Anenberg, Susan C.; Aunan, Kristin; Belesova, Kristine; Bell, Michelle L.; Bickersteth, Sam; Bowen, Kathryn; Burden, Merci; Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid; Carlton, Elisabeth; Cissé, Guéladio; Cohen, Francois; Dai, Hancheng; Dangour, Alan David; Dasgupta, Purnamita; Frumkin, Howard; Gong, Peng; Gould, Robert J.; Haines, Andy; Hales, Simon; Hamilton, Ian; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Hashizume, Masachiro; Honda, Yusushi; Horton, Daniel E.; Karambelas, Alexandra; Kim, HO; Kim, Satbyul Estella; Kinney, Patrick L.; Koné, Inza; Knowlton, Kim; Lelieveld, Jos; Limaye, Vijay S.; Liu, Quyong; Madaniyazi, Lina; Martinez, Micaela Elvira; Mauzerall, Denise L.; Milner, James; Neville, Tara; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Pachauri, Shonali; Perera, Frederica P.; Pineo, Helen; Remais, Justin V.; Saari, Rebecca K.; Sampedro, Jon; Scheelbeek, Pauline; Schwartz, Joel; Shindell, Drew; Syamsundar, Priya; Taylor, Timothy J.; Tonne, Cathryn; Vuuren, Detlef Van; Wang, Can; Watts, Nicholas; West, J. Jason; Wilkinson, Paul; Wood, Stephen A.; Woodcock, James; Woodward, Alistair; Xie, Yang; Zhang, Ying; Ebi, Kristie L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Modeling suggests that climate change mitigation actions can have substantial human health benefits that accrue quickly and locally. Documenting the benefits can help drive more ambitious and health-protective ...
    • Half a degree and rapid socioeconomic development matter for heatwave risk 

      Russo, Simone; Sillmann, Jana; Sippel, Sebastian; Barcikowska, Monika J.; Ghisetti, Claudia; Smid, Marek; O'Neill, Brian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      While every society can be exposed to heatwaves, some people suffer far less harm and recover more quickly than others from their occurrence. Here we project indicators of global heatwave risk associated with global warming ...
    • Health and Climate Impacts of Scaling Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) for Clean Household Cooking in Cameroon: A Modeling Study 

      Kypridemos, Chris; Puzzolo, Elisa; Aamaas, Borgar; Hyseni, Lirije; Shupler, Matthew; Aunan, Kristin; Pope, Daniel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The Cameroon government has set a target that, by 2030, 58% of the population will be using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a cooking fuel, in comparison with less than 20% in 2014. The National LPG Master ...
    • Health Benefits and Costs of Clean Heating Renovation: An Integrated Assessment in a Major Chinese City 

      Zhao, Bin; Zhao, Jing; Zha, Hao; Hu, Ruolan; Liu, Yalu; Liang, Chengrui; Shi, Hongrong; Chen, Simiao; Guo, Yue; Zhang, Da; Aunan, Kristin; Zhang, Shaojun; Zhang, Xiliang; Xue, Lan; Wang, Shuxiao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      China has been promoting one of the world’s largest campaigns for clean heating renovation since 2017. Here, we present an integrated cost–benefit analysis in a major prefecture-level city by combining a large-scale household ...
    • Heat Stress Indicators in CMIP6: Estimating Future Trends and Exceedances of Impact-Relevant Thresholds 

      Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Vicedo-Cabrera, Ana; Sandstad, Marit; Aunan, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Global warming is leading to increased heat stress in many regions around the world. An extensive number of heat stress indicators (HSIs) has been developed to measure the associated impacts on human health. Here we ...
    • Historical total ozone radiative forcing derived from CMIP6 simulations 

      Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Myhre, Gunnar; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Deushi, Makoto; Hegglin, Michaela I.; Horowitz, Larry W.; Kramer, Ryan J.; Michou, Martine; Mills, Michael J.; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; O’Connor, Fiona M.; Paynter, David; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Sellar, Alistair; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone; Wu, Tongwen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Radiative forcing (RF) time series for total ozone from 1850 up to the present day are calculated based on historical simulations of ozone from 10 climate models contributing to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project ...
    • Household Energy Practices in Low-Energy Buildings: A Qualitative Study of Klosterenga Ecological Housing Cooperative 

      Standal, Karina; Wilhite, Harold Langford; Wågø, Solvår Irene (Chapter, 2023)
    • Household Energy Use and Carbon Emissions in China: A decomposition analysis 

      Zhu, Qin; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Although its per capita carbon emissions are still relatively low, China’s aggregated carbon emissions have grown by nearly 4-fold in the last three decades, and now it is the biggest CO2 emitter in the world. There are ...
    • How aerosols and greenhouse gases influence the diurnal temperature range 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Boucher, Olivier; Iversen, Trond; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Myhre, Gunnar; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The diurnal temperature range (DTR) (or difference between the maximum and minimum temperature within a day) is one of many climate parameters that affects health, agriculture and society. Understanding how DTR evolves ...
    • How can diverse national food and land-use priorities be reconciled with global sustainability targets? Lessons from the FABLE initiative 

      Mosnier, Aline; Schmidt-Traub, Guido; Obersteiner, Michael; Jones, Sarah; Javalera-Rincon, Valeria; DeClerck, Fabrice; Thomson, Marcus; Sperling, Frank; Harrison, Paula; Pérez-Guzmán, Katya; McCord, Gordon Carlos; Navarro-Garcia, Javier; Marcos-Martinez, Raymundo; Wu, Grace C.; Poncet, Jordan; Douzal, Clara; Steinhauser, Jan; Monjeau, Adrian; Frank, Federico; Lehtonen, Heikki; Rämö, Janne; Leach, Nicholas; Gonzalez-Abraham, Charlotte E.; Ghosh, Ranjan Kumar; Jha, Chandan; Singh, Vartika; Bai, Zhaohai; Jin, Xinpeng; Ma, Lin; Strokov, Anton; Potashnikov, Vladimir; Orduña-Cabrera, Fernando; Neubauer, Rudolf; Diaz, Maria; Penescu, Liviu; Domínguez, Efraín Antonio; Chavarro, John; Pena, Andres; Basnet, Shyam; Fetzer, Ingo; Baker, Justin; Zerriffi, Hisham; Reyes Gallardo, René; Bryan, Brett Anthony; Hadjikakou, Michalis; Lotze-Campen, Hermann; Stevanovic, Miodrag; Smith, Alison; Costa, Wanderson; Habiburrachman, A.H.F.; Immanuel, Gito; Selomane, Odirilwe; Daloz, Anne Sophie; Andrew, Robbie; van Oort, Bob; Imanirareba, Dative; Molla, Kiflu Gedefe; Woldeyes, Firew Bekele; Soterroni, Aline C.; Scarabello, Marluce; Ramos, Fernando M.; Boer, Rizaldi; Winarni, Nurul Laksmi; Supriatna, Jatna; Low, Wai Sern; Fan, Andrew Chiah Howe; Naramabuye, François Xavier; Niyitanga, Fidèle; Olguín, Marcela; Popp, Alexander; Rasche, Livia; Godfray, Charles; Hall, Jim W.; Grundy, Mike J.; Wang, Xiaoxi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      There is an urgent need for countries to transition their national food and land-use systems toward food and nutritional security, climate stability, and environmental integrity. How can countries satisfy their demands ...
    • How much snow falls in the world's mountains? A first look at mountain snowfall estimates in A-train observations and reanalyses 

      Daloz, Anne Sophie; Mateling, Marian; L'Ecuyer, Tristan; Kulie, Mark; Wood, Norman B.; Durand, Mikael; Wrzesien, Melissa; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Dimri, Ashok P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      CloudSat estimates that 1773 km3 of snow falls, on average, each year over the world's mountains. This amounts to 5 % of the global snowfall accumulations. This study synthetizes mountain snowfall estimates over the four ...
    • How Regional Authorities Act Under Restricted Decentralization: Evidence from the Norwegian Transport Sector 

      Krogstad, Julie Runde; Leiren, Merethe Dotterud (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The literature on decentralization points out that there is a tendency to limit discretion at the local level by, for example, imposing national standards. It is therefore of interest to understand how sub-national ...
    • How to make local context matter in national advice: Towards adaptive comanagement in norwegian climate adaptation 

      Westskog, Hege; Hovelsrud, Grete K.; Sundqvist, Göran (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • How will greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles be constrained in China around 2030? 

      Zheng, Bo; Zhang, Qiang; Borken-Kleefeld, Jens; Huo, Hong; Guan, Dabo; Klimont, Zbigniew; Peters, Glen Philip; He, Kebin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Increasing emissions from road transportation endanger China’s objective to reduce national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The unconstrained growth of vehicle GHG emissions are mainly caused by the insufficient improvement ...