Now showing items 164-183 of 469

    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag Olav; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...
    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag Olav; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...
    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...
    • Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations 

      Bowman, K.W.; Shindell, DT; Worden, HM; Lamarque, JF; Young, PJ; Stevenson, DS; Qu, Z; de la Torre, M; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Collins, WJ; Doherty, R; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, BM; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T; Naik, V; Plummer, DA; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Strode, SA; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Voulgarakis, A; Zeng, G; Kulawik, SS; Aghedo, AM; Worden, JR (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We use simultaneous observations of tropospheric ozone and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) sensitivity to tropospheric ozone from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) to evaluate model tropospheric ozone and its ...
    • Evaluation of CMIP5 and CMIP6 simulations of historical surface air temperature extremes using proper evaluation methods 

      Thorarinsdottir, Thordis Linda; Sillmann, Jana; Haugen, Marion; Gissibl, Nadine; Sandstad, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Reliable projections of extremes by climate models are becoming increasingly important in the context of climate change and associated societal impacts. Extremes are by definition rare events, characterized by a small ...
    • Evaluation of preindustrial to present-day black carbon and its albedo forcing from Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Lee, Y.H.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Flanner, M.G.; Jiao, C.; Shindell, D.T.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bisiaux, M.M.; Cao, J.; Collins, W.J.; Curran, M.; Edwards, R.; Faluvegi, G.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.W.; McConnell, J.R.; Ming, J.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Takemura, T.; Thevenon, F.; Xu, B.; Yoon, J.-H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      As part of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), we evaluate the historical black carbon (BC) aerosols simulated by 8 ACCMIP models against observations including 12 ice core records, ...
    • Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices 

      Kim, Yeon-Hee; Min, Seung-Ki; Zhang, Xuebin; Sillmann, Jana; Sandstad, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      This study evaluates global climate models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6) for their performance in simulating the climate extreme indices defined by the Expert Team on Climate ...
    • Evaluation of the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional Climate Model Ensemble 

      Vautard, Robert; Kadygrov, Nikolay; Iles, Carley; Boberg, Fredrik; Buonomo, Erasmo; Bülow, Katharina; Coppola, Erika; Corre, Lola; van Meijgaard, Erik; Nogherotto, Rita; Sandstad, Marit; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Somot, Samuel; Aalbers, Emma; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Ciarlo, James M.; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Giorgi, Filippo; Jacob, Daniela; Jones, Richard G.; Keuler, Klaus; Kjellström, Erik; Lenderink, Geert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Nikulin, Grigory; Sillmann, Jana; Solidoro, Cosimo; Sørland, Silje Lund; Steger, Christian; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The use of regional climate model (RCM)-based projections for providing regional climate information in a research and climate service contexts is currently expanding very fast. This has been possible thanks to a considerable ...
    • Explaining growing climate policy differences between the European Union and the United States 

      Skjærseth, Jon Birger; Bang, Guri; Schreurs, Miranda A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Strong rhetorical differences between the European Union and the United States on climate matters have been evident for almost two decades. Since the mid-2000s, such differences are becoming visible in their respective ...
    • Explaining radical policy change: Norwegian climate policy and the ban on cultivating peatlands 

      Farstad, Fay Madeleine; Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Grasbekk, Bård Sødal; Brudevoll, Kristiane; van Oort, Bob (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      For decades Norwegian climate policy has largely ignored the agricultural sector and focused on cost-effective emission reductions abroad. Yet in June 2020, Norway decided to ban the cultivation of peatlands to protect ...
    • Extreme weather impacts on maize yield: The case of Shanxi Province in China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Zhang, Tianyi; Bruin, Karianne de; Glomsrød, Solveig; Shi, Qinghua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Extreme weather can have negative impacts on crop production. In this study, we statistically estimate the impacts of dry days, heat waves, and cold days on maize yield based on household survey data from 1993 to 2011 in ...
    • Extreme weather, food security and the capacity to adapt – the case of crops in China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Glomsrød, Solveig; Zhang, Tianyi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Three extreme weather scenarios are examined for agriculture in China in this study. One scenario assumes a year when every province has precipitation corresponding to the lowest level experienced in the province over the ...
    • Fairness conceptions and self-determined mitigation ambition under the Paris Agreement: Is there a relationship? 

      Sælen, Håkon; Tørstad, Vegard; Holz, Christian; Nielsen, Tobias Dan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      This paper investigates the empirical relationship between countries’ expressed concerns with fairness and the ambition levels in their pledged contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement, asking the following questions: ...
    • Fairness in the climate negotiations: what explains variation in parties’ expressed conceptions? 

      Tørstad, Vegard; Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      How to differentiate efforts and obligations fairly between countries has been among the most central and controversial issues in climate negotiations. This article analyses countries’ fairness conceptions as expressed in ...
    • Financial Measures to Reduce Carbon Emissions in Britain, Japan and the United States: A SWOT Analysis 

      Hu, Sheng; Zhang, Pan; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      To mitigate global warming, China, the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, has set the goals of achieving carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, and financial measures could play an important role. To avoid ...
    • The first multi-model ensemble of regional climate simulations at kilometer-scale resolution, part I: evaluation of precipitation 

      Ban, Nikolina; Caillaud, Cécile; Coppola, Erika; Pichelli, Emanuela; Sobolowski, Stefan Pieter; Adinolfi, Marianna; Ahrens, Bodo; Alias, Antoinette; Anders, Ivonne; Bastin, Sophie; Belušić, Danijel; Berthou, Ségolène; Brisson, Erwan; Cardoso, Rita M.; Chan, Steven C.; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Fernández, Jesús; Fita, Lluís; Frisius, Thomas; Gašparac, Goran; Giorgi, Filippo; Goergen, Klaus; Haugen, Jan Erik; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Kartsios, Stergios; Katragkou, Eleni; Kendon, Elizabeth J.; Keuler, Klaus; Lavin-Gullon, Alvaro; Lenderink, Geert; Leutwyler, David; Lorenz, Torge; Maraun, Douglas; Mercogliano, Paola; Milovac, Josipa; Panitz, Hans-Jürgen; Raffa, Mario; Remedio, Armelle Reca; Schär, Christoph; Soares, Pedro M.M.; Srnec, Lidija; Steensen, Birthe Marie Rødssæteren; Stocchi, Paolo; Tölle, Merja H.; Truhetz, Heimo; Vergara-Temprado, Jesus; de Vries, Hylke; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker; Zander, Mar Janne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Here we present the first multi-model ensemble of regional climate simulations at kilometer-scale horizontal grid spacing over a decade long period. A total of 23 simulations run with a horizontal grid spacing of ∼3 km, ...
    • Five criteria for global sustainable development 

      Linnerud, Kristin; Holden, Erling (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      A clear understanding of the global-level sustainable development concept is necessary before applying it to projects at a national, local or firm level. Such lower-level projects may concern managing production and ...
    • Five criteria for global sustainable development 

      Linnerud, Kristin; Holden, Erling (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      A clear understanding of the global-level sustainable development concept is necessary before applying it to projects at a national, local or firm level. Such lower-level projects may concern managing production and ...
    • Forest fluxes and mortality response to drought: Model description (ORCHIDEE-CAN-NHA r7236) and evaluation at the Caxiuanã drought experiment 

      Yao, Yitong; Joetzjer, Emilie; Ciais, Philippe; Viovy, Nicolas; Cresto Aleina, Fabio; Chave, Jerome; Sack, Lawren; Bartlett, Megan; Meir, Patrick; Fisher, Rosie; Luyssaert, Sebastiaan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Extreme drought events in Amazon forests are expected to become more frequent and more intense with climate change, threatening ecosystem function and carbon balance. Yet large uncertainties exist on the resilience of this ...
    • Forskjeller i matpriser i Norge og Sverige. Hvilken betydning har reguleringer og avgifter? 

      Flaten, Ola; Kallbekken, Steffen; Vengnes, Mari (Notat (Norsk institutt for landbruksøkonomisk forskning : trykt utg.), Research report, 2001)