Now showing items 149-168 of 478

    • Endogenous Minimum Participation in International Environmental Agreements: An Experimental Analysis 

      McEvoy, DM; Cherry, Todd; Stranlund, JK (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Almost all international environmental treaties require a minimum number of countries to ratify the treaty before it enters into force. Despite the wide-spread use of this mechanism, little is known about its effectiveness ...
    • Energy Budget Constraints on the Time History of Aerosol Forcing and Climate Sensitivity 

      Smith, Christopher J.; Harris, Glen R.; Palmer, Matthew D.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Collins, William J.; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, Michael; Golaz, Jean-Christophe; Ringer, Mark; Storelvmo, Trude; Forster, Piers M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      An observationally constrained time series of historical aerosol effective radiative forcing (ERF) from 1750 to 2019 is developed in this study. We find that the time history of aerosol ERFs diagnosed in CMIP6 models ...
    • Energy Efficiency: What Has Research Delivered in the Last 40 Years? 

      Saunders, Harry D.; Roy, Joyashree; Azevedo, Inês M.L.; Chakravarty, Debalina; Dasgupta, Shyamasree; De La Rue Du Can, Stephane; Druckman, Angela; Fouquet, Roger; Grubb, Michael; Lin, Boqiang; Lowe, Robert; Madlener, Reinhard; McCoy, Daire M.; Mundaca, Luis; Oreszczyn, Tadj; Sorrell, Steven; Stern, David; Tanaka, Kanako; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
    • Energy market impacts of nuclear power phase-out policies 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Mideksa, Torben Kenea; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Since the Fukushima disaster in Japan in March 2011, safety concerns have escalated and policies toward nuclear power are being reconsidered in several countries. This article presents a study of the upward pressure on ...
    • Energy Politics and Gender 

      Standal, Karina; Winther, Tanja; Danielsen, Katrine (Chapter, 2018)
      Policy makers and scholars often assume gender to be irrelevant in energy politics. However, an increasing body of scholarship and development policies has focused on how gender discrimination has negative effects on women’s ...
    • Energy security concerns versus market harmony: The Europeanisation of capacity mechanisms 

      Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Szulecki, Kacper; Rayner, Tim; Banet, Catherine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The impact of renewables on the energy markets–falling wholesale electricity prices and lower investment stability–are apparently creating a shortage of energy project financing, which in future could lead to power supply ...
    • Enhanced Terrestrial Carbon Export From East Antarctica During the Early Eocene 

      Inglis, Gordon N.; Toney, Jaime L.; Zhu, Jiang; Poulsen, Christopher J.; Röhl, Ursula; Jamieson, Stewart S. R.; Pross, Jörg; Cramwinckel, Margot J.; Srinath, Krishnan; Pagani, Mark; Bijl, Peter K.; Bendle, James (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Terrestrial organic carbon (TerrOC) acts as an important CO2 sink when transported via rivers to the ocean and sequestered in coastal marine sediments. This mechanism might help to modulate atmospheric CO2 levels over ...
    • Entering, enduring and exiting: the durability of shared mobility arrangements and habits 

      Doody, Brendan J.; Schwanen, Tim; Loorbach, Derk; Oxenaar, Sem; Arnfalk, Peter; Svennevik, Elisabeth M.C.; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Farstad, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Car sharing could support a transition away from private vehicle ownership and use. Attempts to understand participation in car sharing have primarily focused on minor and major disruptions which catalyse change in practices. ...
    • Environmental and nutritional assessment of young children's diets in Norway: comparing the current diet with national dietary guidelines and the EAT-Lancet reference diet 

      Wright, Ellen Cecilie; van Oort, Bob; Bjøntegaard, Marie Michaelsen; Carlsen, Monica Hauger; Andersen, Lene Frost (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Purpose Introducing healthy and sustainable diets early in life can promote lifelong healthy dietary patterns with a low environmental impact. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the environmental and nutritional consequences ...
    • Environmental and nutritional assessment of young children’s diets in Norway: comparing the current diet with national dietary guidelines and the EAT-Lancet reference diet 

      Wright, Ellen Cecilie; van Oort, Bob; Bjøntegaard, Marie Michaelsen; Carlsen, Monica Hauger; Andersen, Lene Frost (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Purpose Introducing healthy and sustainable diets early in life can promote lifelong healthy dietary patterns with a low environmental impact. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the environmental and nutritional consequences ...
    • Environmental and nutritional assessment of young children’s diets in Norway: comparing the current diet with national dietary guidelines and the EAT-Lancet reference diet 

      Wright, Ellen Cecilie; van Oort, Bob; Bjøntegaard, Marie Michaelsen; Carlsen, Monica Hauger; Andersen, Lene Frost (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Introducing healthy and sustainable diets early in life can promote lifelong healthy dietary patterns with a low environmental impact. Therefore, we aimed to estimate the environmental and nutritional consequences of a ...
    • An environmental justice analysis of air pollution in India 

      deSouza, Priyanka N.; Chaudhary, Ekta; Dey, Sagnk; Ko, Soohyeon; Németh, Jeremy; Guttikunda, Sarath; Chowdhury, Sourangsu; Kinney, Patrick; Subramanian, S.V.; Bell, Michelle L.; Kim, Rockli (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      Due to the lack of timely data on socioeconomic factors (SES), little research has evaluated if socially disadvantaged populations are disproportionately exposed to higher PM2.5 concentrations in India. We fill this gap ...
    • Estimating Source Region Influences on Black Carbon Abundance, Microphysics, and Radiative Effect Observed Over South Korea 

      Lamb, Kara D.; Perring, Anne E.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Peterson, Dave; Davis, Sean; Anderson, Bruce E.; Beyersdorf, Andreas; Blake, Donald R; Campuzano-Jost, Pedro; Corr, Chelsea A.; Diskin, Glenn S.; Kondo, Yutaka; Moteki, Nobuhiro; Nault, Benjamin A.; Oh, Jun; Park, Minsu; Pusede, Sally E.; Simpson, Isobel J.; Thornhill, Kenneth L.; Wisthaler, Armin; Schwarz, Joshua P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Estimating vanishing allowable emissions for 1.5 °C 

      Sanderson, Benjamin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2023)
      The remaining carbon budget for 1.5 °C has been a highly discussed tool to communicate the urgency of efforts needed to meet the Paris Agreement. Now, research reassesses IPCC estimates, suggesting that ongoing near-flat ...
    • Ethical choices behind quantifications of fair contributions under the Paris Agreement 

      Dooley, Kate; Holz, Christian; Kartha, Sivan; Klinsky, Sonja; Roberts, Timmons; Shue, Henry; Winkler, Harald; Athanasiou, Tom; Caney, Simon; Cripps, Elizabeth; Dubash, Navroz K.; Hall, Galen; Harris, Paul G.; Lahn, Bård Lappegård; Moellendorf, Darrel; Müller, Benito; Sagar, Ambuj; Singer, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Parties to the UNFCCC and Paris Agreement agreed to act on the basis of equity to protect the climate system. Equitable effort sharing is an irreducibly normative matter, yet some influential studies have sought to ...
    • The EU needs a demand-driven innovation policy for climate services 

      Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; Sillmann, Jana; Vigo, Ilaria; Whittlesey, Sam (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Climate services have climbed high on the agenda of EU research policy, yet few contributions have reflected on the actual usability of climate services from the perspectives of the intended users, let alone the implications ...
    • European anthropogenic AFOLU greenhouse gas emissions: A review and benchmark data 

      Petrescu, Ana Maria Roxana; Peters, Glen Philip; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet; Ciais, Philippe; Tubiello, Francesco N.; Grassi, Giacomo; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Leip, Adrian; Carmona-Garcia, Gema; Winiwarter, Wilfried; Höglund-Isaksson, Lena; Günther, Dirk; Solazzo, Efisio; Kiesow, Anja; Bastos, Ana; Pongratz, Julia; Nabel, Julia E.M.S.; Conchedda, Giulia; Pilli, Roberto; Andrew, Robbie; Schelhaas, Mart-Jan; Dolman, Albertus J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and removals from land, including both anthropogenic and natural fluxes, require reliable quantification, including estimates of uncertainties, to support credible mitigation action under ...
    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag Olav; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...
    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag Olav; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...
    • Evaluating global and regional land warming trends in the past decades with both MODIS and ERA5-Land land surface temperature data 

      Wang, You-Ren; Hessen, Dag; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stordal, Frode (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2022)
      Global surface temperature has been setting new record highs in the recent decades, imposing increasing environmental challenges for societies and ecosystems worldwide. Global warming rates of the 20th century have been ...