• A note on social versus private value of the Halten CO2 project 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2007:08, Research report, 2007)
      This report compares the social and private value of the Halten CO2 project. This is a carbon capture and storage project in Mid-Norway comprising a gas-fired power plant, CO2 capture facilities, enhanced oil recovery, and ...
    • A review of country studies on climate change 

      Hanisch, Ted; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Selrod, Rolf; Strand, Jon; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1993:01, Research report, 1993)
      Country studies are important instruments for determining national climate policies and adding to the global knowledge on climate issues. They are, however, also the basis for examining the obligations of the Parties under ...
    • An analysis of the Bonn agreement: Background information for evaluating business implications 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2001:03, Research report, 2001)
      This report has been commissioned by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and written in August 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, ...
    • An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2001:05, Research report, 2001)
      This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh ...
    • Broadening the climate regime: Design and feasibility of multi-stage climate agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bang, Guri; Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:02, Research report, 2005)
      To meet a climate target like maximum 2 ºC temperature increase by 2100, participation in efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases must be broader than that in the Kyoto Protocol. It will also require emission ...
    • Carbon capture and storage projects under the climate policy regime: The case of Halten CO2 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Rypdal, Kristin; Tjernshaugen, Andreas (CICERO Report;2007:09, Research report, 2007)
      The report discusses institutional and policy issues associated with implementation of a planned carbon capture and storage plant in Mid-Norway under the international and national climate policy regime.
    • Case studies on climate change response policies and strategies of selected Annex I countries: Norway and Sweden 

      Aakre, Stine; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2007:10, Research report, 2007)
    • CICERO MILESTONES 2018. A practitioner's perpective on the Green Bond Market 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Dejonckheere, Sophie; Lund, Harald Francke; Schiessl, Bernhard; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2018:11, Research report, 2018-09-07)
      Celebrating our 10th anniversary of providing second opinions, this report summarizes CICERO's approach and best practice application of our methodology. The green bond market has developed significantly since we assessed ...
    • Climate effects of large-scale carbon capture and storage for coal-fired power 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt (CICERO Report;2009:08, Research report, 2009)
    • Climate policy beyond 2012: A survey of long-term targets and future frameworks 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Twena, Michelle; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2004:02, Research report, 2004)
      This report is based on a comprehensive and structured literature review of key issues associated with long-term goals for climate policy, and to the framework for implementing climate policy. The study provides a basis ...
    • Climate regulation of ships 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bogstrand, Bjørg; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (CICERO Report;2007:07, Research report, 2007)
      This report gives an overview of five possible regulation schemes for carbon dioxide emissions from international shipping. The strengths and weaknesses of the schemes are compared with regard to nine criteria. The two ...
    • Climate science for the financial sector: Managing climate risk in Norway and Sweden 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Marginean, Iulia (CICERO Report;2019:15, Report, 2019-10)
      The financial sector must prepare for a higher risk level associated with climate change impacts affecting real estate and infrastructure, as well as climate policies that will impact risk and returns from investments in ...
    • Estimating mobilized private climate finance for developing countries - A Norwegian pilot study 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Narbel, Patrick; Lund, Harald Francke (CICERO Report;2015:04, Research report, 2015)
      The point of departure for this study is the available data in Norway on climate finance for developing countries. The bottleneck in tracking mobilized private climate finance is availability and quality of data. The main ...
    • Exploring distribution of commitments: A follow-up to the Berlin Mandate 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Berntsen, Terje; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Holtsmark, Bjart; Ringius, Lasse; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1996:03, Research report, 1996)
      The study reviews and analyzes some major issues that must be considered when defining principles for distributing commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions for countries belonging to the Organization for Economic ...
    • Frivillege avtaler som internasjonalt miljøpolitisk verkemiddel 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1997:07, Research report, 1997)
      Føremålet med dette prosjektet er å analysere frivillege avtaler i næringslivet og vurdere kva potensiale slike avtaler har som miljøpolitisk verkemiddel. Eit viktig spørsmål er under kva slag føresetnader frivillege avtaler ...
    • Fuel substitution in Amazonia: Feasibility study to investigate future options for Joint Implementation projects between Brazil and Norway 

      Moreira, José Roberto; Corrêa, Francisco; Kasa, Sjur; Selrod, Rolf; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1995:01, Research report, 1995)
      The motives behind this study, financed by the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is to increase our experience and knowledge of possible future Joint Implementation projects. The study demonstrates some opportunities ...
    • Fører elektrifisering av plattformer på norsk sokkel til reduserte CO2-utslepp? 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ericson, Torgeir (CICERO Report;2013:03, Research report, 2013)
      I denne rapporten undersøker vi om drift av ei plattform på norsk sokkel via landstraum - elektrifisering - fører til lågare utslepp av CO2 enn tradisjonell drift via gassturbinar på plattforma. Resultata vil avhenge av ...
    • Implementing the Kyoto Protocol: The role of environmental agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Report;1999:04, Research report, 1999)
      Voluntary agreements between an industry or a company and the government to regulate various environmental impacts is a popular policy tool in many OECD countries. Since the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol to the United ...
    • Instruments to incentivize private climate finance for developing countries 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Narbel, Patrick; Pillay, Kamleshan; Clapp, Christa (CICERO Report;2016:08, Research report, 2016)
      Multiple financial instruments are available to de-risk or reduce costs related to climate mitigation measures and projects in developing countries. The financial instruments can be divided into the categories: revenue ...
    • Joint Implementation under the Climate Convention: Phases, options and incentives 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Hagem, Cathrine; Ringius, Lasse; Selrod, Rolf; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1994:06, Research report, 1994)
      The aim of this report is to analyze the conditions under which Joint Implementation (JI) can contribute to a costeffective abatement of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. JI refers to policies and measures implemented ...