Now showing items 21-40 of 146

    • CICERO MILESTONES 2018. A practitioner's perpective on the Green Bond Market 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Dejonckheere, Sophie; Lund, Harald Francke; Schiessl, Bernhard; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2018:11, Research report, 2018-09-07)
      Celebrating our 10th anniversary of providing second opinions, this report summarizes CICERO's approach and best practice application of our methodology. The green bond market has developed significantly since we assessed ...
    • Climate, air pollution and energy in Hungary 

      Seip, Hans Martin; Aunan, Kristin; Bándi, Gyula; Haugland, Torleif; Matlary, Janne Haaland; Szlávik, János; Tajthy, Edith; Tajthy, Tihamér; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1995:02, Research report, 1995)
      Within five to ten years, Hungary will have to design an overall environmental policy. In the meantime, Hungarian decision makers have an opportunity to make preparations in order to meet domestic as well as global ...
    • Climate agreements under limited participation, asymmetric information and market imperfections: A summary of a Dr.polit. Thesis 

      Hagem, Cathrine (CICERO Report;1996:06, Research report, 1996)
      Marginal abatement costs differ among countries. A climate treaty that specifies fixed emissions reductions for the different countries that participate will therefore, in general, not achieve a cost-effective distribution ...
    • Climate change: Scientific background and process 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Seip, Hans Martin; Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Report;2000:01, Research report, 2000)
      The paper gives a brief description of natural and man-made forces behind climate change and outlines climate variations in the past together with a brief synopsis likely future impacts of anthropogenic emissions of ...
    • Climate change in Africa: Issues and challenges in agriculture and water for sustainable development 

      Ringius, Lasse; Downing, Tom; Hulme, Mike; Waughray, Dominic; Selrod, Rolf (CICERO Report;1996:08, Research report, 1996)
      This report is primarily focused on the issue of how the World Bank can modify its projects, especially in the agriculture and water resources sectors, to prepare for future adverse effects of changes in climate. The report ...
    • Climate change in Northern Norway: Toward an understanding of socio-economic vulnerability of natural resource- dependent sectors and communities 

      West, Jennifer Joy; Hovelsrud, Grete K. (CICERO Report;2008:04, Research report, 2008)
      The work in this report is a contribution from CICERO to Theme 4 of the NorACIA project, a Norwegian follow-up to the Arctic Council’s Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: http://acia.npolar.no/ It has been recognized ...
    • Climate change in Norway: Analysis of economic and social impacts and adaptations 

      Sygna, Linda; Eriksen, Siri E H; O'Brien, Karen; Næss, Lars Otto (CICERO Report;2004:12, Research report, 2004)
      In this report, we review the findings from a number of studies carried out between 2000 and 2004 in order to shed light on the likely socioeconomic impacts of climate change in Norway. These studies have been aimed at: ...
    • Climate change policy inventory and analysis for Tanzania 

      Daly, Meaghan E.; Yanda, Pius Z.; West, Jennifer Joy (CICERO Report;2015:05, Research report, 2015)
      This report is an output of the Global Framework for Climate Services Adaptation Programme in Africa. The goal of the report is to: 1) assess the extent to which climate change concerns have been integrated or mainstreamed ...
    • Climate effects of large-scale carbon capture and storage for coal-fired power 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt (CICERO Report;2009:08, Research report, 2009)
    • Climate Footprints of Norwegian Dairy and Meat - a Synthesis 

      Oort, Bob van; Andrew, Robbie (CICERO Report;2016:06, Research report, 2016)
      This report reviews the current literature on meat, milk and dairy, with a special focus on Norway. To understand differences in reported emissions, the report explains the variation in methodological approaches such as ...
    • Climate policy beyond 2012: A survey of long-term targets and future frameworks 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Twena, Michelle; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2004:02, Research report, 2004)
      This report is based on a comprehensive and structured literature review of key issues associated with long-term goals for climate policy, and to the framework for implementing climate policy. The study provides a basis ...
    • Climate projections for local adaptation in the Hindu-Kush Himalayas 

      Oort, Bob van (CICERO Report;2014:01, Research report, 2015)
      This report is an output of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP). The aim of this report is to present downscaled climate scenarios in a relevant, understandable and illustrative manner for a diverse ...
    • Climate regulation of ships 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bogstrand, Bjørg; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (CICERO Report;2007:07, Research report, 2007)
      This report gives an overview of five possible regulation schemes for carbon dioxide emissions from international shipping. The strengths and weaknesses of the schemes are compared with regard to nine criteria. The two ...
    • Climate scenarios demystified. A climate scenario guide for investors 

      Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Lannoo, Elisabeth; Peters, Glen (CICERO Report;2018:02, Research report, 2018-01-31)
    • Climate strategy for Africa 

      Hernes, Helga; Dalfelt, Arne; Berntsen, Terje; Holtsmark, Bjart; Næss, Lars Otto; Selrod, Rolf; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1995:03, Research report, 1995)
      1. General observations Africa south of the Sahara is probably the most vulnerable region when it comes to the impact and consequences of climate changes. Yet the African continent runs a serious risk of being marginalized ...
    • Climate Vulnerability in the Barents Sea Ecoregion: A Multi-Stressor Approach 

      O'Brien, Karen; Tompkins, Heather; Eriksen, Siri E H; Prestrud, Pål (CICERO Report;2004:07, Research report, 2004)
      In this report, we examine how climate change impacts may intersect and interact with other stressors in the Barents Sea Ecoregion (BSEr). We investigate the vulnerability of the BSEr to both climate change and increased ...
    • Climatic effects of NOx emissions through changes in tropospheric O3 and CH4: A global 3D model study 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Mao, Huiting; Liang, Xin-Zhong; Wang, Wei-Chyung (CICERO Report;1997:03, Research report, 1997)
      As a result of chemical processes in the atmosphere, emissions of NOx can both damp and enhance the greenhouse effect. The two most important effects of NOx in this context are increased concentrations of tropospheric ozone ...
    • Consistency of World Bank country assistance with client country commitments under FCCC: A Czech Republic, Poland, and Hungary case study 

      Ringius, Lasse; Holtsmark, Bjart; Matlary, Janne Haaland; Sørensen, Erik (CICERO Report;1995:04, Research report, 1995)
      The report evaluates the consistency of World Bank country assistance strategies with client country commitments under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) in the cases of the Czech Republic, ...
    • Coordination of flexible instruments in climate policy 

      Holtsmark, Bjart; Alfsen, Knut H. (CICERO Report;1998:04, Research report, 1998)
      The Kyoto Protocol must be the starting point for the choice of domestic climate policy instruments. It is so far uncertain whether the required number of Parties will ratify the Protocol for the Protocol to enter into ...
    • Deciding Who does What and When: Four Essays on the Economics of Global Climate Change 

      Froyn, Camilla Bretteville (CICERO Report;2004:05, Research report, 2004)