Now showing items 126-145 of 164

    • Referansebane og framskrivning for Oslos klimagassutslipp mot 2030 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Madslien, Anne (CICERO Report;2018:12, Research report, 2018-09-07)
      Klimaetaten i Oslo kommune har gitt CICERO og TØI i oppdrag om å utarbeide en referansebane for Oslos klimagassutslipp for perioden 2017 til 2030. Dette arbeidet er basert på best tilgjengelig kunnskap om de driverne som ...
    • Referansebane og framskrivning for Oslos klimagassutslipp mot 2030 - Revisjon mai 2019 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Madslien, Anne (CICERO Report;2019:08, Report, 2019-06)
      Klimaetaten i Oslo kommune gav i 2018 CICERO og TØI i oppdrag om å utarbeide en referansebane for Oslos klimagassutslipp for perioden 2017 til 2030. I 2019 fikk vi et nytt oppdrag for å oppdatere denne rapporten basert på ...
    • Reforestation and climate change mitigation: A background study for Joint Implementation in China and Indonesia 

      Gan, Lin; Næss, Lars Otto; Kasa, Sjur; O'Brien, Karen (CICERO Report;1998:03, Research report, 1998)
      This paper discusses the importance of institutional barriers in promoting reforestation as a means of mitigating global climate change. It is argued that cost-effective implementation of reforestation depends on proper ...
    • Responses in tropospheric chemistry to changes in UV fluxes, temperatures and water vapour densities 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Jonson, J. E.; Wang, Wei-Chyung; Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Report;1994:05, Research report, 1994)
      A two-dimensional chemistry/transport model of the global troposphere is used to study the chemical response to i) increased UV-radiation from stratospheric ozone depletion and ii) increased temperatures and water vapour ...
    • Responses in tropospheric O3, OH and CH4 to changed emissions of important trace gases 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje; Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Report;1993:04, Research report, 1993)
      A two-dimensional (altitude vs. latitude) photochemical/transport model of the global troposphere is applied to study the effects of changed emissions of NOx, CH4, CO2 and NMHC on the levels of O3, OH and CH4. On a mass ...
    • Shades of Climate Risk. Categorizing climate risk for investors 

      Clapp, Christa; Lund, Harald Francke; Aamaas, Borgar; Lannoo, Elisabeth (CICERO Report;2017:01, Research report, 2017)
      Taking a starting point in the latest climate science, this report categorizes climate change risk according to timeframe and probability by region and highlights risks that require immediate attention from investors. ...
    • ShareOn – midtveisrapport mai 2019 

      Westskog, Hege; Standal, Karina; Kallbekken, Steffen; Julsrud, Tom Erik; Aasen, Marianne; Wang, Lars; Aase, Tor Halfdan; Tellefsen, Sølvi (CICERO Report;2019:06, Report, 2019-04)
      ShareOn prosjektet er et samarbeidprosjekt hvor både forskningsmiljøer, offentlige aktører, næringsaktører og idedrevne (ideelle) organisasjoner deltar. Prosjektet er rettet mot å belyse deling som strategi i omstillingen ...
    • Shifting strategies in the global climate negotiations 

      Bang, Guri; Heggelund, Gørild; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:08, Research report, 2005)
      Although the international climate change regime represents a genuinely global policy process, some actors have a more pivotal role than others – either as dynamos that drive the process, or as barriers to further development. ...
    • Skogtiltak mot klimaendringer: Oversikt og status etter fjerde partskonferanse til Klimakonvensjonen 

      Næss, Lars Otto (CICERO Report;1999:01, Research report, 1999)
      Hensikten med publikasjonen er å gi et en sammenfatning av spørsmål knyttet til tiltak i skogbruket for å motvirke globale klimaendringer. Hovedvekt er lagt på skogtiltak i klimaforhandlingene og teknisk karbonbindingspotensial. ...
    • Social exclusion and unemployment in the European Union: Current and future trends 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Twena, Michelle (CICERO Report;2005:01, Research report, 2005)
      This report analyses trends for the development of social exclusion in member states of the European Union. Relationships between indicators for economic development and social exclusion are examined with reference to ...
    • Socio-economic consequences of climate change in Hindu-Kush Himalaya 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Dhakal, Kabindra; Orlov, Anton (CICERO Report;2017:07, Research report, 2017-11-13)
      The answer to how climate change will affect Hindu-Kush-Himalaya depends on whom you ask. Some will point at expected changes in climate, others will show what it may do to poor people, and some will express their concerns ...
    • Soil carbon sequestration and the CDM: Opportunities and the CDM 

      Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Report;1999:07, Research report, 1999)
      The agriculture sector dominates the economies of most sub-Saharan countries, contributing about one-third of the region’s GDP, accounting for forty percent of the export, and employing about two-thirds of the economically ...
    • Sources of conflicts in climate policy within the EU: An economic analysis 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Froyn, Camilla Bretteville (CICERO Report;1999:03, Research report, 1999)
      This report is a part of a study of the potential for the EU to take on leadership in the climate negotiations. The aim of this part is to sort out factors that may explain the different economic interests in cutting ...
    • Stratospheric ozone depletion: Its impact on tropospheric chemistry and on climate 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Report;1995:10, Research report, 1995)
      Observations show a long term decrease in stratospheric ozone on a global scale during the last two decades. Over the southern polar region the reductions are large and clearly connected to man made emissions of CFCs. There ...
    • Strøm fra folket? Drivkrefter og barrierer 

      Westskog, Hege; Inderberg, Tor Håkon Jackson; Sæle, Hanne; Winther, Tanja (CICERO Report;2018:04, Report, 2018-04-30)
      Prosjektet har hatt som målsetting å identifisere drivkrefter for og barrierer mot at norske husholdningskunder blir plusskunder. Vi har sett på hvorfor noen husholdninger i Norge velger å bli plusskunder, hvilke erfaringer ...
    • Study to develop practical guidelines for "Joint Implementation" under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change 

      Hanisch, Ted; Selrod, Rolf; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1993:02, Research report, 1993)
      In December 1991, the OECD Environment and Development Ministers directed OECD "to initiate work on mechanisms to facilitate joint implementation, in a cost effective manner, of commitments on greenhouse gases." This report ...
    • Sustainable Edge: Exploring green shading for equities 

      Alnes, Kristina; Schiessl, Bernhard; Lund, Harald Francke; Berg, Alexander O.; Dahl, Miriam Stackpole; Clapp, Christa (CICERO Report;2019:01, Report, 2019-01-29)
      Despite the importance of finance in driving the green economic transition, it is not easy for investors to analyze the degree of sustainability and climate risk exposure of their portfolios – and to fully exploit the value ...
    • The climate impacts of current black carbon and organic carbon emissions 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Kallbekken, Steffen (CICERO Report;2018:08, Research report, 2018-06-20)
      In Part 1, we present a summary of recent research into the climate impact of black and organic carbon. There have been many developments on the research front in recent years, and this rapid pace is expected to continue. ...
    • The European Community and climate protection: What's behind the 'empty rhetoric'? 

      Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Report;1999:08, Research report, 1999)
      The EC has been hoping to play an environmental leadership role in the global climate negotiations and has been proposing comparatively stringent climate targets for the OECD countries. But especially the United States and ...