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dc.contributor.authorTorvanger, Asbjørn
dc.coverage.spatialNorwayen_US
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-17T14:39:14Z
dc.date.available2021-12-17T14:39:14Z
dc.date.issued2021-12
dc.identifier.issn0804-4562
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11250/2834949
dc.description.abstractThis report explores the potential of bioenergy from forests to contribute to the green transition of society. Forest biomass is the largest potential bioenergy source in Norway, in the form of firewood, chips for heating, and biofuels. Firewood and chips for firing can be produced locally and small-scale, whereas biofuels must be produced at industrial and large scale - also implying more industrial logging practices. Bioenergy must compete with other societal needs, especially timber for buildings and fiber for industry, which have higher value. In addition, forests provide eco-services like nature protection for biodiversity, carbon storage as a climate measure, as well as an arena for outdoor activities. In this report I first examine available forest resources for bioenergy in Norway, then assess how bioenergy production can be balanced with nature protection and outdoor activities in Oslo and Viken county. This assessment is based on interviews with stakeholders from forest owners, industry, environmental organizations, and authorities. There are unused forest resources for bioenergy in Norway based on biomass with lowest quality. Increased biofuel production requires large investments in production facilities and depends on higher prices and more taxing of fossil fuels. Local logging and firewood production is easier to combine with nature protection and outdoor activities than industrial logging for biofuels, timber, or fiber production. Conflicts with other societal interests is reduced if more forest areas are protected, especially in the vicinity of cities, whereas other areas are open for logging.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherCICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research - Osloen_US
dc.relation.ispartofCICERO Report
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCICERO Report;2021:09
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/deed.no*
dc.subjectGreen transitionen_US
dc.subjectNorwayen_US
dc.subjectForest resourcesen_US
dc.subjectBioenergyen_US
dc.subjectOutdoor activitiesen_US
dc.subjectNature protectionen_US
dc.titleForest-based bioenergy in Norway’s green transition: Balancing production and other societal interestsen_US
dc.typeReporten_US
dc.description.versionpublishedVersionen_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400en_US
dc.source.pagenumber22en_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 295704en_US


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal
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