Climate agreements: Optimal taxation of fossil fuels and the distribution of cost and benefits across countries
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- CICERO Working Papers 
The paper analyses governments' response to a climate agreement that commits themselves to reducing their emissions of CO2. A formula for optimal taxation of fossil fuels in open economies subject both to an emission constraint and a public budget constraint is developed. The applied theory captures how national governments' behaviors are sensitive to the size of the benefits from revenue recycling and how these benefits adjust the distribution of abatement costs. The empirical part of the paper illustrates the significance of the participating countries’ current and potential fossil fuel taxation schemes and their role in the fossil fuel markets. JEL classification: H21, Q48.