• Assessment of the European Climate Projections as Simulated by the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional and Global Climate Model Ensemble 

      Coppola, Erika; Nogherotto, Rita; Ciarlo', James M.; Giorgi, Filippo; Van Meijgaard, Erik; Kadygrov, N.; Iles, Carley; Corre, Lola; Sandstad, Marit; Somot, Samuel; Nabat, Pierre; Vautard, Robert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Kjellström, Erik; Nikulin, Grigory; Aalbers, Emma; Lenderink, Geert; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Boberg, Fredrik; Sørland, Silje Lund; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Bülow, Katharina; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper analyzes the ensemble of regional climate model (RCM) projections for Europe completed within the EURO-CORDEX project. Projections are available for the two greenhouse gas concentration scenarios RCP2.6 (22 ...
    • Atmospheric Impacts of Hydrogen as an Energy Carrier 

      Sand, Maria; Myhre, Gunnar; Sandstad, Marit; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt (CICERO Report;2020:07, Report, 2020-10)
    • Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0-diagnostics for extreme events, regional and impact evaluation, and analysis of Earth system models in CMIP 

      Weigel, Katja; Bock, Lisa; Gier, Bettina K.; Lauer, Axel; Righi, Mattia; Schlund, Manuel; Adeniyi, Kemisola; Andela, Bouwe; Arnone, Enrico; Berg, Peter; Caron, Louis-Philippe; Cionni, Irene; Corti, Susanna; Drost, Niels; Hunter, Alasdair; Lledó, Llorenç; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Paçal, Aytaç; Pérez-Zanón, Núria; Predoi, Valeriu; Sandstad, Marit; Sillmann, Jana; Sterl, Andreas; Vegas-Regidor, Javier; Von Hardenberg, Jost; Eyring, Veronika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper complements a series of now four publications that document the release of the Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0. It describes new diagnostics on the hydrological cycle, extreme events, impact ...
    • Evaluation of CMIP5 and CMIP6 simulations of historical surface air temperature extremes using proper evaluation methods 

      Thorarinsdottir, Thordis Linda; Sillmann, Jana; Haugen, Marion; Gissibl, Nadine; Sandstad, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Reliable projections of extremes by climate models are becoming increasingly important in the context of climate change and associated societal impacts. Extremes are by definition rare events, characterized by a small ...
    • Evaluation of the CMIP6 multi-model ensemble for climate extreme indices 

      Kim, Yeon-Hee; Min, Seung-Ki; Zhang, Xuebin; Sillmann, Jana; Sandstad, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      This study evaluates global climate models participating in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project phase 6 (CMIP6) for their performance in simulating the climate extreme indices defined by the Expert Team on Climate ...
    • Evaluation of the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional Climate Model Ensemble 

      Vautard, Robert; Kadygrov, Nikolay; Iles, Carley; Boberg, Fredrik; Buonomo, Erasmo; Bülow, Katharina; Coppola, Erika; Corre, Lola; van Meijgaard, Erik; Nogherotto, Rita; Sandstad, Marit; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Somot, Samuel; Aalbers, Emma; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Ciarlo, James M.; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Giorgi, Filippo; Jacob, Daniela; Jones, Richard G.; Keuler, Klaus; Kjellström, Erik; Lenderink, Geert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Nikulin, Grigory; Sillmann, Jana; Solidoro, Cosimo; Sørland, Silje Lund; Steger, Christian; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The use of regional climate model (RCM)-based projections for providing regional climate information in a research and climate service contexts is currently expanding very fast. This has been possible thanks to a considerable ...
    • Heat Stress Indicators in CMIP6: Estimating Future Trends and Exceedances of Impact-Relevant Thresholds 

      Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Vicedo-Cabrera, Ana; Sandstad, Marit; Aunan, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Global warming is leading to increased heat stress in many regions around the world. An extensive number of heat stress indicators (HSIs) has been developed to measure the associated impacts on human health. Here we ...
    • Hva innebærer FNs klimapanels spesialrapporter om landarealer, hav og is og Naturpanelets globale rapport for Oslo 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Stange, Erik; Aamodt, Solveig; Sandstad, Marit; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Setsås, Trine Hay; Barton, David; Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Oort, Bob van (CICERO Report;2020:01, Report, 2020-03)
      Klimaetaten i Oslo kommune har gitt CICERO Senter for klimaforskning og Norsk institutt for naturforskning (NINA) i oppdrag i å vurdere kunnskap fra rapporter fra FNs klimapanel (IPCC) og det internasjonale Naturpanelet ...
    • Reduced Complexity Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2: Synthesizing Earth System Knowledge for Probabilistic Climate Projections 

      Nicholls, Z.; Meinshausen, Malte; Lewis, J.; Corradi, M. Rojas; Dorheim, K.; Gasser, Thomas; Gieseke, R.; Hope, A.P.; Leach, N.J.; McBride, L.A.; Quilcaille, Y.; Rogelj, Joeri; Salawitch, Ross J.; Samset, B.H.; Sandstad, Marit; Shiklomanov, A.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Smith, Christopher J.; Smith, Steven J.; Su, X.; Tsutsui, J.; Vega-Westhoff, B.; Woodard, D.L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Over the last decades, climate science has evolved rapidly across multiple expert domains. Our best tools to capture state-of-the-art knowledge in an internally self-consistent modeling framework are the increasingly complex ...