• A model framework for ranking of measures to reduce air pollution with a focus on damage assessment 

      Aunan, Kristin; Seip, Hans Martin; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1993:12, Working paper, 1993)
      Artikkelen diskuterer hvilke egenskaper som er viktige for beslutningsstøtteverktøy som er ment å være til hjelp ved rangering av utslippsreduserende tiltak mot luftforurensninger. De forskjellige utslippene i forbindelse ...
    • Can the Clean Development Mechanism attain both cost-effectiveness and sustainable development objectives? 

      Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:08, Working paper, 2001)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as defined in the Kyoto Protocol, has two objectives: to promote sustainable development in host developing countries, and to improve global cost-effectiveness by assisting developed ...
    • Climate, air pollution and energy in Hungary 

      Seip, Hans Martin; Aunan, Kristin; Bándi, Gyula; Haugland, Torleif; Matlary, Janne Haaland; Szlávik, János; Tajthy, Edith; Tajthy, Tihamér; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1995:02, Research report, 1995)
      Within five to ten years, Hungary will have to design an overall environmental policy. In the meantime, Hungarian decision makers have an opportunity to make preparations in order to meet domestic as well as global ...
    • Co-benefits from CO2-emission reduction measures in Shanxi, China: A first assessment 

      Aunan, Kristin; Fang, Jinghua; Li, Guanghai; Seip, Hans Martin; Vennemo, Haakon (CICERO Working Paper;2000:07, Working paper, 2000)
      This paper analyses a set of CO2-reducing abatement options related to coal consumption in Shanxi, China. The costs and potential for abatement are investigated for different economic sectors, and the entailed emission ...
    • Combined impacts of climate and air pollution on human health and agricultural productivity 

      Sillmann, Jana; Aunan, Kristin; Emberson, Lisa; Büker, Patrick; van Oort, Bob; O'Neill, Connie; Otero, Noelia; Pandey, Divya; Brisebois, Anouk (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Climate change and air pollution can interact to amplify risks to human health and crop production. This has significant implications for our ability to reach the Sustainable Development Goals (e.g. SDGs 2, 3, 13, 15) and ...
    • Effect of European post-Kyoto Climate Policies on Nordic Air Quality 

      Rypdal, Kristin; Rive, Nathan; Aunan, Kristin; Åström, Stefan; Bak, Jesper L.; Karvosenoja, Niko; Kupiainen, Kaarle (CICERO Report;2007:01, Research report, 2007)
      Stricter commitments for GHG emissions in the post-Kyoto period will contribute to reduced emissions of air pollutants in the Nordic countries, avoided costs for end-of-pipe abatement to reach a specific target, and benefits ...
    • Energy, climate and air pollution: What do we know and how should we act? 

      Seip, Hans Martin; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Policy Note;1996:01, Working paper, 1996)
      - To arrive at the most cost-effective strategies to reduce emissions an integrated approach is necessary. This implies to carry out detailed analyses of harmful effects on human health, materials and the ecosystems. - ...
    • Exposure-response functions for health effects of air pollutants based on epidemiological findings 

      Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Report;1995:08, Research report, 1995)
      Quantitative knowledge about health damage due to air pollution is an important element in analyses of cost-effective abatement strategies, and it is also essential for setting Air Quality Standards. In this context ...
    • Guidelines for Modeling and Reporting Health Effects of Climate Change Mitigation Actions 

      Hess, Jeremy J.; Ranadive, Nikhil; Boyer, Chris; Aleksandrowicz, Lukasz; Anenberg, Susan C.; Aunan, Kristin; Belesova, Kristine; Bell, Michelle L.; Bickersteth, Sam; Bowen, Kathryn; Burden, Merci; Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid; Carlton, Elisabeth; Cissé, Guéladio; Cohen, Francois; Dai, Hancheng; Dangour, Alan David; Dasgupta, Purnamita; Frumkin, Howard; Gong, Peng; Gould, Robert J.; Haines, Andy; Hales, Simon; Hamilton, Ian; Hasegawa, Tomoko; Hashizume, Masachiro; Honda, Yusushi; Horton, Daniel E.; Karambelas, Alexandra; Kim, HO; Kim, Satbyul Estella; Kinney, Patrick L.; Koné, Inza; Knowlton, Kim; Lelieveld, Jos; Limaye, Vijay S.; Liu, Quyong; Madaniyazi, Lina; Martinez, Micaela Elvira; Mauzerall, Denise L.; Milner, James; Neville, Tara; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark; Pachauri, Shonali; Perera, Frederica P.; Pineo, Helen; Remais, Justin V.; Saari, Rebecca K.; Sampedro, Jon; Scheelbeek, Pauline; Schwartz, Joel; Shindell, Drew; Syamsundar, Priya; Taylor, Timothy J.; Tonne, Cathryn; Vuuren, Detlef Van; Wang, Can; Watts, Nicholas; West, J. Jason; Wilkinson, Paul; Wood, Stephen A.; Woodcock, James; Woodward, Alistair; Xie, Yang; Zhang, Ying; Ebi, Kristie L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Modeling suggests that climate change mitigation actions can have substantial human health benefits that accrue quickly and locally. Documenting the benefits can help drive more ambitious and health-protective ...
    • Health and Climate Impacts of Scaling Adoption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) for Clean Household Cooking in Cameroon: A Modeling Study 

      Kypridemos, Chris; Puzzolo, Elisa; Aamaas, Borgar; Hyseni, Lirije; Shupler, Matthew; Aunan, Kristin; Pope, Daniel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The Cameroon government has set a target that, by 2030, 58% of the population will be using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) as a cooking fuel, in comparison with less than 20% in 2014. The National LPG Master ...
    • Health and environmental benefits from the implementation of an energy saving program in Hungary 

      Aunan, Kristin; Pátzay, G.; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Seip, Hans Martin (CICERO Report;1997:01, Research report, 1997)
      The aim of this study is to assess the cost and benefit of implementing a specific energy saving program in Hungary. We have considered the possible reduced damage to public health, materials and agricultural crops that ...
    • Health Benefits and Costs of Clean Heating Renovation: An Integrated Assessment in a Major Chinese City 

      Zhao, Bin; Zhao, Jing; Zha, Hao; Hu, Ruolan; Liu, Yalu; Liang, Chengrui; Shi, Hongrong; Chen, Simiao; Guo, Yue; Zhang, Da; Aunan, Kristin; Zhang, Shaojun; Zhang, Xiliang; Xue, Lan; Wang, Shuxiao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      China has been promoting one of the world’s largest campaigns for clean heating renovation since 2017. Here, we present an integrated cost–benefit analysis in a major prefecture-level city by combining a large-scale household ...
    • Health benefits from reducing PM2.5 pollution in Hebei, China 

      Aunan, Kristin; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt (CICERO Report;2016:10, Research report, 2016)
    • Heat Stress Indicators in CMIP6: Estimating Future Trends and Exceedances of Impact-Relevant Thresholds 

      Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Vicedo-Cabrera, Ana; Sandstad, Marit; Aunan, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Global warming is leading to increased heat stress in many regions around the world. An extensive number of heat stress indicators (HSIs) has been developed to measure the associated impacts on human health. Here we ...
    • Internal migration and urbanization in China: Impacts on population exposure to household air pollution (2000-2010) 

      Aunan, Kristin; Wang, Shuxiao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Exposure to fine particles ≤2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) from incomplete combustion of solid fuels in household stoves, denoted household air pollution (HAP), is a major contributor to ill health in China and ...
    • Kostnader ved miljø- og helseskader ved luftforurensninger: Vurdering av skadefunksjonsmetoden opp mot metoder basert på uttrykte preferanser 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin; Seip, Hans Martin (CICERO Policy Note;1998:06, Working paper, 1998)
      For vurdering og verdsetting av miljø og helseskader kan det anvendes "top-down" (TD) eller "bottom-up" (BU) metoder (Aaheim, 1994; Aunan et al., 1995; Swisher, 1996). I TD metoder benyttes makro-økonomiske modeller; noe ...
    • Methodologies of health impact assessment as part of an integrated approach to reduce effects of air pollution 

      Aunan, Kristin; Seip, Hans Martin (CICERO Working Paper;1995:07, Working paper, 1995)
      Quantification of average frequencies of health effects on a population level is an essential part of an integrated assessment of pollution effects. Epidemiological studies seem to provide the best basis for such estimates. ...
    • Om vurdering av klima og miljøeffekter ved innføring av ny teknologi 

      Aunan, Kristin; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;1997:01, Working paper, 1997)
      Ny teknologi innebærerer normalt bedre løsninger, og har vanligvis positive økonomiske og miljømessige effekter. Bakgrunnen for forslaget om COGEN-anlegget ved Borregaard er imidlertid at en vesentlig del av energitilbudet ...
    • Personal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Delta 

      Hansen, Mette Halskov; Aunan, Kristin; Hu, Ruolan; Wang, Shuxiao; Liu, Zhaohui; Zhao, M.J.; Chen, L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      High levels of PM2.5 exposure and associated health risks are of great concern in rural China. For this study, we used portable PM2.5 monitors for monitoring concentrations online, recorded personal time‐activity patterns, ...
    • Personal exposure to PM2.5 in Chinese rural households in the Yangtze River Delta 

      Hansen, Mette Halskov; Aunan, Kristin; Hu, Ruolan; Wang, Shuxiao; Liu, Zhaohui; Zhao, M.J.; Chen, L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      High levels of PM2.5 exposure and associated health risks are of great concern in rural China. For this study, we used portable PM2.5 monitors for monitoring concentrations online, recorded personal time‐activity patterns, ...