• An alternative to the Global Warming Potential for comparing climate impacts of emissions of greenhouse gases 

      Shine, Keith P.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Stuber, Nicola (CICERO Working Paper;2003:03, Working paper, 2003)
      The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is used within the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as a metric for weighting the climatic impact of emissions of different greenhouse gases. ...
    • An assessment of the role of CF4 and C2F6 as greenhouse gases 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Brühl, Christoph; Molina, Mario; Schiff, Harold; Shine, Keith P.; Stordal, Frode (CICERO Policy Note;1992:06, Working paper, 1992)
    • Assessing metrics of climate change: Current methods and future possibilities 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Godal, Odd; Sausen, Robert; Shine, Keith P.; Skodvin, Tora (CICERO Report;2001:04, Research report, 2001)
      With the principle of comprehensiveness embedded in the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (Art. 3), a multi-gas abatement strategy with emphasis also on non-CO2 greenhouse gases as targets for reduction and control ...
    • Counteracting the climate effects of volcanic eruptions using short-lived greenhouse gases 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shine, Keith P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      A large volcanic eruption might constitute a climate emergency, significantly altering global temperature and precipitation for several years. Major future eruptions will occur, but their size or timing cannot be predicted. ...
    • The effect of rapid adjustments to halocarbons and N2O on radiative forcing 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Kramer, Ryan J.; Shine, Keith P.; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Greg; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Rapid adjustments occur after initial perturbation of an external climate driver (e.g., CO2) and involve changes in, e.g. atmospheric temperature, water vapour and clouds, independent of sea surface temperature changes. ...
    • Effects of anthropogenic emissions on tropospheric ozone and its radiative forcing 

      Berntsen, Terje Koren; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Myhre, Gunnar; Larsen, T. Alsvik; Stordal, Frode; Freckleton, R. S.; Shine, Keith P. (CICERO Report;1997:02, Research report, 1997)
      Tropospheric ozone changes since pre-industrial times due to changes in emissions have been calculated by the University of Oslo global 3-D photochemical model. The radiative forcing caused by the increase in ozone has ...
    • Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes 

      Shine, Keith P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed ...
    • Regional temperature change potentials for short-lived climate forcers based on radiative forcing from multiple models 

      Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Shine, Keith P.; Collins, William J (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We calculate the absolute regional temperature change potential (ARTP) of various short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) based on detailed radiative forcing (RF) calculations from four different models. The temperature response ...