• A production-tagged aerosol module for earth system models, OsloAero5.3-extensions and updates for CAM5.3-Oslo 

      Kirkevåg, Alf; Grini, Alf; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Seland, Øyvind; Alterskjær, Kari; Hummel, Matthias; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Lewinschal, Anna; Liu, Xiaohong; Makkonen, Risto; Bethke, Ingo; Griesfeller, Jan; Schulz, Michael; Iversen, Trond (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom phase III 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Gliss, Jonas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Ginoux, Paul; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Le Sager, Philippe; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Van Noije, Twan; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Rémy, Samuel; Schulz, Michael; Stier, Philip; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Aerosol-induced absorption of shortwave radiation can modify the climate through local atmospheric heating, which affects lapse rates, precipitation, and cloud formation. Presently, the total amount of aerosol absorption ...
    • Aerosols at the poles: an AeroCom Phase II multi-model evaluation 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Balkanski, Yves; Bauer, Susanne; Bellouin, Nicolas; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steve J.; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Lin, Guangxing; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; Myhre, Gunnar; Van Noije, Twan P.C.; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Yu, Fangqun; Zhang, Kai; Zhang, Hua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • Climate-driven chemistry and aerosol feedbacks in CMIP6 Earth system models 

      Thornhill, Gillian; Collins, William J.; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Archibald, Alexander T.; Bauer, Susanne E.; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Fiedler, Stephanie; Folberth, Gerd; Gjermundsen, Ada; Horowitz, Larry; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Michou, Martine; Mulcahy, Jane; Nabat, Pierre; Naik, Vaishali; M. O'Connor, Fiona; Paulot, Fabien; Schulz, Michael; Scott, Catherine E.; Séférian, Roland; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Weber, James (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Feedbacks play a fundamental role in determining the magnitude of the response of the climate system to external forcing, such as from anthropogenic emissions. The latest generation of Earth system models includes aerosol ...
    • Cloudy-sky contributions to the direct aerosol effect 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Alterskjær, Kari; Balkanski, Yves; Bellouin, Nicolas; Chin, Mian; Haywood, James; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Kinne, Stefan; Lin, Guangxing; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Schutgens, Nick; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Zhang, Kai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The radiative forcing of the aerosol–radiation interaction can be decomposed into clear-sky and cloudy-sky portions. Two sets of multi-model simulations within Aerosol Comparisons between Observations and Models (AeroCom), ...
    • Concentrations and radiative forcing of anthropogenic aerosols from 1750 to 2014 simulated with the Oslo CTM3 and CEDS emission inventory 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Myhre, Gunnar; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Griesfeller, Jan; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Kumar, Rajesh; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Schulz, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      We document the ability of the new-generation Oslo chemistry-transport model, Oslo CTM3, to accurately simulate present-day aerosol distributions. The model is then used with the new Community Emission Data System (CEDS) ...
    • Concentrations and radiative forcing of anthropogenic aerosols from 1750 to 2014 simulated with the Oslo CTM3 and CEDS emission inventory 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Myhre, Gunnar; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Griesfeller, Jan; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Kumar, Rajesh; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Schulz, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      We document the ability of the new-generation Oslo chemistry-transport model, Oslo CTM3, to accurately simulate present-day aerosol distributions. The model is then used with the new Community Emission Data System (CEDS) ...
    • Energy Budget Constraints on the Time History of Aerosol Forcing and Climate Sensitivity 

      Smith, Christopher J.; Harris, Glen R.; Palmer, Matthew D.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Collins, William J.; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, Michael; Golaz, Jean-Christophe; Ringer, Mark; Storelvmo, Trude; Forster, Piers M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      An observationally constrained time series of historical aerosol effective radiative forcing (ERF) from 1750 to 2019 is developed in this study. We find that the time history of aerosol ERFs diagnosed in CMIP6 models ...
    • Frequency of extreme precipitation increases extensively with event rareness under global warming 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Alterskjær, Kari; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Marelle, Louis; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Sillmann, Jana; Schaller, Nathalie; Fischer, Erich; Schulz, Michael; Stohl, Andreas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The intensity of the heaviest extreme precipitation events is known to increase with global warming. How often such events occur in a warmer world is however less well established, and the combined effect of changes in ...
    • Global and regional radiative forcing from 20 % reductions in BC, OC and SO4 - An HTAP2 multi-model study 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Davila, Yanko; Dentener, Frank; Emmons, Louisa; Flemming, Johannes; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Henze, Daven; Jonson, Jan Eiof; Kucsera, Tom; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Schulz, Michael; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      In the Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Phase 2 (HTAP2) exercise, a range of global atmospheric general circulation and chemical transport models performed coordinated perturbation experiments with 20 % reductions ...
    • Global and regional trends of atmospheric sulfur 

      Aas, Wenche; Mortier, Augustin; Bowersox, Van C.; Cherian, Ribu; Faluvegi, Greg; Fagerli, Hilde; Hand, Jenny; Klimont, Zbigniew; Galy-Lacaux, Corinne; Lehmann, Christopher M. B.; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Sato, Keiichi; Quaas, Johannes; Rao, P.S.P.; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stein, Ariel; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana; Vet, Robert; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The profound changes in global SO2 emissions over the last decades have affected atmospheric composition on a regional and global scale with large impact on air quality, atmospheric deposition and the radiative forcing of ...
    • A global model–measurement evaluation of particle light scattering coefficients at elevated relative humidity, 

      Burgos, María A.; Andrews, Elisabeth; Titos, Gloria; Benedetti, Angela; Bian, Huisheng; Buchard, Virginie; Curci, Gabriele; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Laakso, Anton; Letertre-Danczak, Julie; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Myhre, Gunnar; Randles, Cynthia; Schulz, Michael; Noije, Twan van; Zhang, Kai; Alados-Arboledas, Lucas; Baltensperger, Urs; Jefferson, Anne; Sherman, James; Sun, Junying; Weingartner, Ernest; Zieger, Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The uptake of water by atmospheric aerosols has a pronounced effect on particle light scattering properties, which in turn are strongly dependent on the ambient relative humidity (RH). Earth system models need to account ...
    • Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, W; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, M.; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Mulmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Prather, Michael J.; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schnell, Jordan; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Over the past few decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and air pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting ...
    • Recommendations for diagnosing effective radiative forcing from climate models for CMIP6 

      Forster, Piers M.; Richardson, T.; Maycock, A. C.; Smith, C. J.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Andrews, T.; Pincus, R.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The usefulness of previous Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP) exercises has been hampered by a lack of radiative forcing information. This has made it difficult to understand reasons for differences between model ...
    • Strong impacts on aerosol indirect effects from historical oxidant changes 

      Karset, Inger Helene H.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Storelvmo, Trude; Alterskjær, Kari; Grini, Alf; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Kirkevåg, Alf; Seland, Øyvind; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Flux Bias in the AeroCom Phase III Models: A Clear-Sky Perspective 

      Su, Wenying; Liang, Lusheng; Myhre, Gunnar; Thorsen, Tyler J.; Loeb, Norman G.; Schuster, Gregory L.; Ginoux, Paul; Paulot, Fabien; Neubauer, David; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Matsui, Hitoshi; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bauer, Susanne E.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Biases in aerosol optical depths (AOD) and land surface albedos in the AeroCom models are manifested in the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) clear-sky reflected shortwave (SW) fluxes. Biases in the SW fluxes from AeroCom models are ...
    • What controls the vertical distribution of aerosol? Relationships between process sensitivity in HadGEM3-UKCA and inter-model variation from AeroCom Phase II 

      Kipling, Zak; Stier, Philip; Johnson, Colin E.; Mann, Graham W.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bergman, Tommi; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Ghan, Steven John; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; van Noije, Twan P.C.; Pringle, Kirsty J.; von Salzen, Knut; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Zhang, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      he vertical profile of aerosol is important for its radiative effects, but weakly constrained by observations on the global scale, and highly variable among different models. To investigate the controlling factors in one ...