• CICERO MILESTONES 2018. A practitioner's perpective on the Green Bond Market 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Dejonckheere, Sophie; Lund, Harald Francke; Schiessl, Bernhard; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2018:11, Research report, 2018-09-07)
      Celebrating our 10th anniversary of providing second opinions, this report summarizes CICERO's approach and best practice application of our methodology. The green bond market has developed significantly since we assessed ...
    • Climate scenarios demystified. A climate scenario guide for investors 

      Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Lannoo, Elisabeth; Peters, Glen (CICERO Report;2018:02, Research report, 2018-01-31)
    • Flomrisiko i Norge: Hvem betaler for framtidens våtere klima? 

      Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Lannoo, Elisabeth; Pillay, Kamleshan (CICERO Report;2018:06, Report, 2018-05-09)
      Norge er ett flomutsatt land og vi kan forvente oss mer flom i fremtiden. Som en følge av klimaendringer, vil mengden ekstrem nedbør øke og regnflommer vil bli større og komme oftere. Alle økonomiske sektorer kan bli ...
    • Flood Risk for Investors. Are you prepared? 

      Alnes, Kristina; Berg, Alexander O.; Clapp, Christa; Lannoo, Elisabeth; Pillay, Kamleshan (CICERO Reports;2018:05, Research report, 2018-05-04)
      The report discusses how climate change will affect the frequency and intensity of flooding events. Looking at four case studies, it maps the total costs of flood events and analyses who ultimately pays the costs. The case ...
    • Green Bonds and Environmental Integrity: Insights from CICERO Second Opinions 

      Clapp, Christa; Alfsen, Knut H.; Lund, Harald Francke; Pillay, Kamleshan (CICERO Policy Note;2016:01, Policy Note, 2016)
      This policy note shares insights from CICERO's experience in producing over 60 second opinions. Insights on the environmental integrity of green bonds include: 1) Management that is aligned for climate risk can give greater ...
    • Instruments to incentivize private climate finance for developing countries 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Narbel, Patrick; Pillay, Kamleshan; Clapp, Christa (CICERO Report;2016:08, Research report, 2016)
      Multiple financial instruments are available to de-risk or reduce costs related to climate mitigation measures and projects in developing countries. The financial instruments can be divided into the categories: revenue ...
    • Physical climate risk: Investor needs and information gaps 

      Bruin, Karianne de; Romain, Hubert; Evain, Julie; Clapp, Christa; Dahl, Miriam Stackpole; Bolt, Jaclyn (CICERO Report;2019:03, Report, 2019-03-11)
      While investors are paying more attention to climate change, there is a lack of granular data designed to support financial decisions. Climate science can provide improved indicators and metrics to help investors better ...
    • Shades of Climate Risk. Categorizing climate risk for investors 

      Clapp, Christa; Lund, Harald Francke; Aamaas, Borgar; Lannoo, Elisabeth (CICERO Report;2017:01, Research report, 2017)
      Taking a starting point in the latest climate science, this report categorizes climate change risk according to timeframe and probability by region and highlights risks that require immediate attention from investors. ...
    • Sustainable Edge: Exploring green shading for companies 

      Alnes, Kristina; Schiessl, Bernhard; Lund, Harald Francke; Berg, Alexander O.; Dahl, Miriam Stackpole; Clapp, Christa (CICERO Report;2019:01, Report, 2019-01-29)
      Despite the importance of finance in driving the green economic transition, it is not easy for investors to analyze the degree of sustainability and climate risk exposure of their portfolios – and to fully exploit the value ...