Now showing items 41-60 of 99

    • Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change 

      Silva, Raquel A.; West, J. Jason; Zhang, Yuqiang; Anenberg, Susan C.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Shindell, Drew T.; Collins, William J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, Greg; Folberth, Gerd; Horowitz, Larry W.; Nagashima, Tatasuya; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, Steven; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bergmann, Daniel; Cameron-Smith, Philip; Cionni, Irene; Doherty, Ruth M.; Eyring, Veronika; Josse, Béatrice; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Plummer, David; Righi, Mattia; Stevenson, David S.; Strode, Sarah; Szopa, Sophie; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    • Household Energy Use and Carbon Emissions in China: A decomposition analysis 

      Zhu, Qin; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Although its per capita carbon emissions are still relatively low, China’s aggregated carbon emissions have grown by nearly 4-fold in the last three decades, and now it is the biggest CO2 emitter in the world. There are ...
    • How will greenhouse gas emissions from motor vehicles be constrained in China around 2030? 

      Zheng, Bo; Zhang, Qiang; Borken-Kleefeld, Jens; Huo, Hong; Guan, Dabo; Klimont, Zbigniew; Peters, Glen Philip; He, Kebin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Increasing emissions from road transportation endanger China’s objective to reduce national greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The unconstrained growth of vehicle GHG emissions are mainly caused by the insufficient improvement ...
    • In the light of equity and science: scientific expertise and climate justice after Paris 

      Lahn, Bård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      The Paris Agreement is built on a tension between the common goal of limiting warming to 1.5 °C, and the differentiation that follows from the principle of equity. Scientific expertise is commonly seen as providing important ...
    • Internal migration and urbanization in China: Impacts on population exposure to household air pollution (2000-2010) 

      Aunan, Kristin; Wang, Shuxiao (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Exposure to fine particles ≤2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) from incomplete combustion of solid fuels in household stoves, denoted household air pollution (HAP), is a major contributor to ill health in China and ...
    • Internasjonale klimaforhandlinger: Nøkkelaktører og Norges handlingsrom 

      Bang, Guri (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
    • Kan karbonhåndtering redde klimaet? 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009)
    • Linking the emissions trading schemes of Europe and China - Combining climate and energy policy instruments 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Both Europe and China have announced targets for greenhouse gas emissions reduction and renewable energy development. To achieve their emissions targets, Europe has introduced emissions trading scheme (ETS) since 2005 and ...
    • Local biomass burning is a dominant cause of the observed precipitation reduction in southern Africa 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Forster, Piers M.; Sillmann, Jana; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations indicate a precipitation decline over large parts of southern Africa since the 1950s. Concurrently, atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases and aerosols have increased due to anthropogenic activities. ...
    • Market and Non-market Policies for Renewable Energy Diffusion: A Unifying Framework and Empirical Evidence from China’s Wind Power Sector 

      Liu, Yang; Wei, Taoyuan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We provide a comprehensive framework of analyzing the diffusion process of renewable technology, incorporating epidemic and pecuniary effects. Relying on a panel dataset consisting of information from 1207 CDM wind projects ...
    • Measuring a fair and ambitious climate agreement using cumulative emissions 

      Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie; Solomon, Susan; Friedlingstein, Pierre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Policy makers have called for a 'fair and ambitious' global climate agreement. Scientific constraints, such as the allowable carbon emissions to avoid exceeding a 2 °C global warming limit with 66% probability, can help ...
    • Metrics for linking emissions of gases and aerosols to global precipitation changes 

      Shine, K. P.; Allan, R.P.; Collins, William J.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Recent advances in understanding have made it possible to relate global precipitation changes directly to emissions of particular gases and aerosols that influence climate. Using these advances, new indices are developed ...
    • Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, W; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, M.; Forster, Piers; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Mulmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Prather, Michael J.; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schnell, Jordan; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Over the past few decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and air pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting ...
    • Observed and simulated temperature extremes during the recent warming hiatus 

      Sillmann, Jana; Donat, M. G.; Fyfe, J. C.; Zwiers, F. W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      The discrepancy between recent observed and simulated trends in global mean surface temperature has provoked a debate about possible causes and implications for future climate change projections. However, little has been ...
    • Percentile indices for assessing changes in heavy precipitation events 

      Schaer, Christoph; Ban, Nikolina; Fischer, Erich M.; Rajczak, Jan; Schmidli, Juerg; Frei, Christoph; Giorgi, Filippo; Karl, Thomas R.; Kendon, Elisabeth J.; Klein Tank, Albert M. G.; O'Gorman, Paul A.; Sillmann, Jana; Zhang, Xuebin; Zwiers, Francis W. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Many climate studies assess trends and projections in heavy precipitation events using precipitation percentile (or quantile) indices. Here we investigate three different percentile indices that are commonly used. We ...
    • Policy invention and entrepreneurship: Bankrolling the burying of carbon in the EU 

      Boasson, Elin Lerum; Wettestad, Jørgen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      This article presents the case of a policy invention where various kinds of entrepreneurship and a window of opportunity played important roles. In 2008 the EU adopted a new Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) policy with an ...
    • Pre-industrial to end 21st century projections of tropospheric ozone from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Young, P.J.; Archibald, A.T.; Bowman, K.W.; Lamarque, J. F.; Naik, V.; Stevenson, DS; Tilmes, S.; Voulgarakis, A.; Wild, O.; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Cionni, Irene; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, RM; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, B.; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; Plummer, D. A.; Righi, M.; Rumbold, Steven T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Strode, S.A.; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, Guangming (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Present day tropospheric ozone and its changes between 1850 and 2100 are considered, analysing 15 global models that participated in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP). The ensemble ...
    • Predicting Paris: Multi-Method Approaches to Forecast the Outcomes of Global Climate Negotiations 

      Sprinz, Detlef; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Kallbekken, Steffen; Stokman, Frans; Sælen, Håkon; Thomson, Robert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We examine the negotiations held under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change in Paris, December 2015. Prior to these negotiations, there was considerable uncertainty about whether an ...
    • Preindustrial to present-day changes in tropospheric hydroxyl radical and methane lifetime from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Naik, V; Voulgarakis, A; Fiore, AM; Horowitz, LW; Lamarque, JF; Lin, M; Prather, MJ; Young, PJ; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Cionni, I; Collins, WJ; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Doherty, R; Eyring, V; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, GA; Josse, B; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Nagashima, T; van Noije, TPC; Plummer, DA; Righi, M; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Shindell, DT; Stevenson, DS; Strode, S; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Zeng, G (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We have analysed time-slice simulations from 17 global models, participating in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), to explore changes in present-day (2000) hydroxyl radical (OH) ...
    • Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations 

      Shindell, D.T.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Schulz, M.; Flanner, M.; Jiao, C.; Chin, M.; Young, P.J.; Lee, Y.H.; Rotstayn, L.; Mahowald, N.; Milly, G.; Faluvegi, G.; Balkanski, Y.; Collins, W.J.; Conley, A.J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Easter, R.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.; Liu, X.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Szopa, S.; Takemura, T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Yoon, J.-H.; Lo, F. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) examined the short-lived drivers of climate change in current climate models. Here we evaluate the 10 ACCMIP models that included aerosols, 8 of ...