Now showing items 23-42 of 225

    • California?s cap-and-trade system: Diffusion and lessons 

      Bang, Guri; Victor, David G.; Andresen, Steinar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This article investigates the roles of policy diffusion and policy learning in shaping the design of California’s cap-and-trade system. On the surface, it is very similar to other cap-and-trade programs, but in practice ...
    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Car sharing and transformations in households travel patterns: Insights from emerging proto-practices in Norway 

      Julsrud, Tom Erik; Farstad, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Over the last decades car sharing has been recognized as a socio-technical innovation that can help to reduce or replace the use of fossil-fueled private cars in urban regions. To understand how car sharing may be used in ...
    • Caribbean Small-Scale Fishers’ Strategies for Extreme Weather Events: Lessons for Adaptive Capacity from the Dominican Republic and Belize 

      Karlsson, Marianne; McLean, Elizabeth L (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Understanding how Caribbean small-scale fishers can adapt to climate change is critical to sustaining coastal communities and livelihoods in the region. Fishers continuously adapt their practices to climate variability and ...
    • Climate Change and International Relations (After Kyoto) 

      Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This review “diagnoses” climate change as an international governance challenge and explores the political feasibility of alternative “cures.” Human activities’ growing effect on Earth's climate system is extremely ...
    • Climate Change and International Relations (After Kyoto) 

      Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This review “diagnoses” climate change as an international governance challenge and explores the political feasibility of alternative “cures.” Human activities’ growing effect on Earth's climate system is extremely ...
    • Climate change impacts on crop yield: Evidence from China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Cherry, Todd; Glomsrød, Solveig; Zhang, Tianyi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      When estimating climate change impact on crop yield, a typical assumption is constant elasticity of yield with respect to a climate variable even though the elasticity may be inconstant. After estimating both constant and ...
    • Climate change, risk management and the end of Nomadic pastoralism 

      Næss, Marius Warg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Mobility has been argued to be the single factor explaining why some pastoralists do relatively well during extreme climatic events, while others do not, because mobility works by taking advantage of the spatial and temporal ...
    • Climate Clubs: a Gateway to Effective Climate Cooperation? 

      Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef F.; Sælen, Håkon; Underdal, Arild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Although the Paris Agreement arguably made some progress, interest in supplementary approaches to climate change co-operation persist. This article examines the conditions under which a climate club might emerge and grow. ...
    • Climate effects of non-compliant Volkswagen diesel cars 

      Tanaka, Katsumasa; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Aamaas, Borgar; Berntsen, Terje Koren (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Climate impacts of short-lived climate forcers versus CO2 from biodiesel: A case of the EU on-road sector 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Biofuels are proposed to play an important role in several mitigation strategies to meet future CO2 emission targets for the transport sector but remain controversial due to significant uncertainties in net impacts on ...
    • Climate Leadership by Conditional Commitments 

      Helland, Leif; Hovi, Jon; Sælen, Håkon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Under the 2015 Paris climate agreement, each Party sets its own mitigation target by submitting a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) every five years. An important question is whether including conditional components ...
    • Climate policy and dependence on traded carbon 

      Andrew, Robbie; Davis, Steven J.; Peters, Glen Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      A growing number of countries regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions occurring within their borders, but due to rapid growth in international trade, the products consumed in many of the same countries increasingly rely ...
    • Climate response to externally mixed black carbon as a function of altitude 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The climate response to the presence of black carbon (BC) aerosol at a given altitude in the atmosphere is investigated using a global circulation model. The vertical dependence of the efficiency with which BC exerts ...
    • Climate sensitivity estimates - Sensitivity to radiative forcing time series and observational data 

      Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Aldrin, Magne Tommy; Holden, Marit; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Inferred effective climate sensitivity (ECSinf) is estimated using a method combining radiative forcing (RF) time series and several series of observed ocean heat content (OHC) and near-surface temperature change in a ...
    • The climate spiral demonstrates the power of sharing creative ideas 

      Hawkins, Ed; Fæhn, Taran; Fuglestvedt, Jan S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Graphical visualisations have the potential to engage diverse audiences in understanding the changes to our climate, especially when spread worldwide using both traditional and social media. The animated global temperature ...
    • Climate warming feedback from mountain birch forest expansion: Reduced albedo dominates carbon uptake 

      de Wit, Heleen; Bryn, Anders; Hofgaard, Annika; Karstensen, Jonas; Kvalevåg, Maria Malene; Peters, Glen Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Expanding high elevation and high latitude forest has contrasting climate feedbacks through carbon sequestration (cooling) and reduced surface reflectance (warming), which are yet poorly quantified. Here, we present an ...
    • Co-operation or co-optation? NGOs' roles in Norway's international climate and forest initiative 

      Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; McNeill, Desmond; Kasa, Sjur; Rajao, Raoni (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This paper investigates non-governmental organisation (NGO) involvement in policy processes related to Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) comparing four countries: Norway, Brazil, Indonesia, and ...
    • CO2 emissions from biomass combustion for bioenergy: atmospheric decay and contribution to global warming 

      Cherubini, Francesco; Peters, Glen Philip; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Strømman, Anders Hammer; Hertwich, Edgar G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from biomass combustion are traditionally assumed climate neutral if the bioenergy system is carbon (C) flux neutral, i.e. the CO2 released from biofuel combustion approximately equals the ...