Now showing items 17-36 of 104

    • Climate response to externally mixed black carbon as a function of altitude 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      The climate response to the presence of black carbon (BC) aerosol at a given altitude in the atmosphere is investigated using a global circulation model. The vertical dependence of the efficiency with which BC exerts ...
    • CO2 emissions from biomass combustion for bioenergy: atmospheric decay and contribution to global warming 

      Cherubini, Francesco; Peters, Glen Philip; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Strømman, Anders Hammer; Hertwich, Edgar G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from biomass combustion are traditionally assumed climate neutral if the bioenergy system is carbon (C) flux neutral, i.e. the CO2 released from biofuel combustion approximately equals the ...
    • Comparing approaches to valuing sectoral net investments 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      In the literature of comprehensive national accounts, national net investments are used to indicate dynamic welfare improvement in an economy. A well-known approach associates national net investments with the shadow value ...
    • COMPARING THE GTAP-MRIO AND WIOD DATABASES FOR CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS 

      Arto, I; Rueda-Cantuche, JM; Peters, Glen Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We explore two different worldwide multi-regional input–output (MRIO) databases (Global Trade Analysis Project-MRIO and World Input–Output Database) for the calculation of the global carbon footprint (CF) of nations. We ...
    • Conditional cooperation and cultural worldviews 

      Cherry, Todd; McEvoy, David M.; Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      We show that conditionally cooperative behavior depends on the cultural worldviews of players in a public goods game. While others have examined the interaction of culture and cooperative behavior by comparing results from ...
    • Consumption-based GHG emission accounting: a UK case study 

      Barrett, John; Peters, Glen Philip; Wiedmann, Thomas; Scott, Kate; Lenzen, Manfred; Roelich, Katy; Le Quéré, Corinne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Global GHG emissions continue to rise, with nearly a quarter of it due to trade that is not currently captured within global climate policy. In the context of current trade patterns and limited global cooperation on climate ...
    • Co-operation or co-optation? NGOs' roles in Norway's international climate and forest initiative 

      Hermansen, Erlend Andre T.; McNeill, Desmond; Kasa, Sjur; Rajao, Raoni (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      This paper investigates non-governmental organisation (NGO) involvement in policy processes related to Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) comparing four countries: Norway, Brazil, Indonesia, and ...
    • Cooperative Pastoral Production: Reconceptualizing the Relationship between Pastoral Labor and Production 

      Næss, Marius Warg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      A review of the literature concerning nomadic pastoralism reveals a prevalent assumption of a positive effect of labor inputs on pastoral production. However, studies that have tried to quantify the relationship between ...
    • Counteracting the climate effects of volcanic eruptions using short-lived greenhouse gases 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shine, Keith P (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      A large volcanic eruption might constitute a climate emergency, significantly altering global temperature and precipitation for several years. Major future eruptions will occur, but their size or timing cannot be predicted. ...
    • Distributive fairness: A mutual recognition approach 

      Underdal, Arild; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Can norms of distributive fairness serve as pillars of a new and more effective global climate regime? Three general principles – responsibilities, capabilities (capacity), and needs (or rights) – are frequently invoked ...
    • Downscaling probability of long heatwaves based on seasonal mean daily maximum temperatures 

      Benestad, Rasmus; van Oort, Bob; Justino, Flavio; Stordal, Frode; Parding, Kajsa; Mezghani, Abdelkader; Erlandsen, Helene B.; Sillmann, Jana; Pereira-Flores, Milton E (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      A methodology for estimating and downscaling the probability associated with the duration of heatwaves is presented and applied as a case study for Indian wheat crops. These probability estimates make use of empirical-statistical ...
    • Driving forces in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in east and south coastal China: commonality and variations 

      Gao, Chaochao; Liu, Yonghong; Jin, Jun; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhang, Jianying; Zhu, Lizhong (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      As the world's top carbon dioxide emitter, China is expected to reach its emissions peak by 2030. East and south coastal China contribute nearly one-third of the emissions in China, and therefore play a critical role in ...
    • Effectiveness of integrated low-carbon technologies: Evidence from a pilot agricultural experiment in Shanghai 

      Fan, Chunzeng; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Purpose – Constructing a low-carbon agriculture park is considered an effective means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. This study explores the effectiveness of integrated low-carbon agricultural ...
    • Electricity consumption: should there be a limit? Implications of people’s attitudes for the forming of sustainable energy policies 

      Westskog, Hege; Winther, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      The aim of this paper is to examine people’s attitudes towards electricity and electricity consumption within the Norwegian market context. The empirical material is based on 18 in-depth interviews and eight focus group ...
    • Elemental carbon measurements in European Arctic snow packs 

      Forsström, S.; Isaksson, Elisabeth; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Ström, Johan; Pedersen, CA; Hudson, S.R.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Lihavainen, H.; Godtliebsen, Fred; Gerland, Sebastian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      [1] Black carbon (BC) and other light-absorbing particles deposited on snow and ice are known to perturb the surface radiative balance. There are few published observations of the concentration of these particles in the ...
    • Endogenous Minimum Participation in International Environmental Agreements: An Experimental Analysis 

      McEvoy, DM; Cherry, Todd; Stranlund, JK (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Almost all international environmental treaties require a minimum number of countries to ratify the treaty before it enters into force. Despite the wide-spread use of this mechanism, little is known about its effectiveness ...
    • Energy market impacts of nuclear power phase-out policies 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Mideksa, Torben; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Since the Fukushima disaster in Japan in March 2011, safety concerns have escalated and policies toward nuclear power are being reconsidered in several countries. This article presents a study of the upward pressure on ...
    • Evaluation of ACCMIP outgoing longwave radiation from tropospheric ozone using TES satellite observations 

      Bowman, K.W.; Shindell, DT; Worden, HM; Lamarque, JF; Young, PJ; Stevenson, DS; Qu, Z; de la Torre, M; Bergmann, D; Cameron-Smith, PJ; Collins, WJ; Doherty, R; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, G; Folberth, G; Horowitz, LW; Josse, BM; Lee, YH; MacKenzie, IA; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T; Naik, V; Plummer, DA; Rumbold, ST; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Strode, SA; Sudo, K; Szopa, S; Voulgarakis, A; Zeng, G; Kulawik, SS; Aghedo, AM; Worden, JR (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      We use simultaneous observations of tropospheric ozone and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) sensitivity to tropospheric ozone from the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES) to evaluate model tropospheric ozone and its ...
    • Evaluation of preindustrial to present-day black carbon and its albedo forcing from Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Lee, Y.H.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Flanner, M.G.; Jiao, C.; Shindell, D.T.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bisiaux, M.M.; Cao, J.; Collins, W.J.; Curran, M.; Edwards, R.; Faluvegi, G.; Ghan, S.; Horowitz, L.W.; McConnell, J.R.; Ming, J.; Myhre, Gunnar; Nagashima, T.; Naik, V.; Rumbold, S.T.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, K.; Takemura, T.; Thevenon, F.; Xu, B.; Yoon, J.-H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      As part of the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP), we evaluate the historical black carbon (BC) aerosols simulated by 8 ACCMIP models against observations including 12 ice core records, ...
    • Extreme weather, food security and the capacity to adapt – the case of crops in China 

      Wei, Taoyuan; Glomsrød, Solveig; Zhang, Tianyi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Three extreme weather scenarios are examined for agriculture in China in this study. One scenario assumes a year when every province has precipitation corresponding to the lowest level experienced in the province over the ...