Now showing items 15-34 of 348

    • Adapting Accountability and Emerging Challenges: Contracting-out in the Transport Sector in Switzerland, Norway and Sweden 

      Lieberherr, Eva; Hansson, Lisa; Leiren, Merethe Dotterud; Schmid, Jonas (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Government reforms such as contracting-out continue to influence public service provision within infrastructure sectors. Contracting-out involves a detachment of the operators from political decision-making and the creation ...
    • Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom phase III 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Gliss, Jonas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Ginoux, Paul; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Le Sager, Philippe; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Van Noije, Twan; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Rémy, Samuel; Schulz, Michael; Stier, Philip; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Aerosol-induced absorption of shortwave radiation can modify the climate through local atmospheric heating, which affects lapse rates, precipitation, and cloud formation. Presently, the total amount of aerosol absorption ...
    • Aerosols at the poles: an AeroCom Phase II multi-model evaluation 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Balkanski, Yves; Bauer, Susanne; Bellouin, Nicolas; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steve J.; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Lin, Guangxing; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; Myhre, Gunnar; Van Noije, Twan P.C.; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Yu, Fangqun; Zhang, Kai; Zhang, Hua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • African heritage sites threatened as sea-level rise accelerates 

      Vousdoukas, Michalis I.; Clarke, Joanne; Ranasinghe, Roshanka; Reimann, Lena; Khalaf, Nadia; Duong, Trang Minh; Ouweneel, Birgitt; Sabour, Salma; Iles, Carley Elizabeth; Trisos, Christopher H.; Feyen, Luc; Mentaschi, Lorenzo; Simpson, Nicholas P. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The African coast contains heritage sites of ‘Outstanding Universal Value’ that face increasing risk from anthropogenic climate change. Here, we generated a database of 213 natural and 71 cultural African heritage sites ...
    • An application of automated mediation to international climate treaty negotiation 

      Ding, P; Gerst, MD; Bang, Guri; Borsuk, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      A generic framework for automated mediation of multi-attribute negotiation has recently been reported (Lai and Sycara in Group Decis Negot 18:169–187, 2009). This framework seeks to shorten time to agreement, achieve ...
    • An economic evaluation of solar radiation management 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn; Romstad, Bård; Wei, Taoyuan; Kristjansson, Jon Egill; Muri, Helene; Niemeier, Ulrike; Schmidt, Hauke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
    • Arctic air pollution: Challenges and opportunities for the next decade 

      Arnold, Steve R.; Law, Kathy S.; Brock, Charles A.; Thomas, Jennie L.; Starkweather, Sandra M.; von Salzen, Knut; Stohl, Andreas; Sharma, Sangeeta; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Flanner, Mark G.; Petäjä, Tuukka; Tanimoto, Hiroshi; Gamble, Jim; Dibb, Jack E.; Melamed, Megan; Johnson, Noor; Fidel, Maryann; Tynkkynen, Veli-Pekka; Baklanov, Alexander; Eckhardt, Sabine; Monks, Sarah A.; Browse, Jo; Bozem, Heike (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
    • Asking the right questions in adaptation research and practice: Seeing beyond climate impacts in rural Nepal 

      Ensor, Jonathan Edward; Wennstroem, Patrick; Bhatterai, Anil; Nightingale, Andrea Joslyn; Eriksen, Siri; Sillmann, Jana (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Adaptation research and practice too often overlooks the wider social context within which climate change is experienced. Mainstream approaches frame adaptation problems in terms of the consequences that flow from biophysical ...
    • Assessment of the European Climate Projections as Simulated by the Large EURO-CORDEX Regional and Global Climate Model Ensemble 

      Coppola, Erika; Nogherotto, Rita; Ciarlo', James M.; Giorgi, Filippo; Van Meijgaard, Erik; Kadygrov, N.; Iles, Carley; Corre, Lola; Sandstad, Marit; Somot, Samuel; Nabat, Pierre; Vautard, Robert; Levavasseur, Guillaume; Schwingshackl, Clemens; Sillmann, Jana; Kjellström, Erik; Nikulin, Grigory; Aalbers, Emma; Lenderink, Geert; Christensen, Ole Bøssing; Boberg, Fredrik; Sørland, Silje Lund; Demory, Marie-Estelle; Bülow, Katharina; Teichmann, Claas; Warrach-Sagi, Kirsten; Wulfmeyer, Volker (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper analyzes the ensemble of regional climate model (RCM) projections for Europe completed within the EURO-CORDEX project. Projections are available for the two greenhouse gas concentration scenarios RCP2.6 (22 ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Assessment of the optimal rebound effects from energy intensity reduction 

      Xing, Lirong; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhuo, Yanchen; Li, Guozhi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Energy efficiency improvement is widely recognized as a cost-effective measure for clean production. In literature, the rebound effects of energy efficiency improvement represented by energy intensity reductions, potential ...
    • Atmospheric methane evolution the last 40 years 

      Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Gomez-Pelaez, Angel J.; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Weiss, Ray F.; Harth, Christina M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Observations at surface sites show an increase in global mean surface methane (CH4) of about 180 parts per billion (ppb) (above 10 %) over the period 1984–2012. Over this period there are large fluctuations in the annual ...
    • Balancing cost and justice concerns in the energy transition: comparing coal phase-out policies in Germany and the UK 

      Bang, Guri; Rosendahl, Knut Einar; Böhringer, Christoph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Europe’s two largest economies – Germany and the UK – are phasing out coal from electricity production as part of European efforts to fulfil increased climate policy ambitions that require comprehensive energy system ...
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Biofuel burning and human respiration bias on satellite estimates of fossil fuel CO2 emissions 

      Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Yilong; Andrew, Robbie; Bréon, François-Marie; Chevallier, Frédéric; Broquet, Grégoire; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; Peters, Glen Philip; McGrath, Matthew; Meng, Wenjun; Zheng, Bo; Tao, Shu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The satellites that have been designed to support the monitoring of fossil fuel CO2 emissions aim to systematically measure atmospheric CO2 plumes generated by intense emissions from large cities, power plants and industrial ...
    • Black Carbon and Precipitation: An Energetics Perspective 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols influence precipitation through a range of processes. The climate response to the presence of BC is however highly dependent on its vertical distribution. Here, we analyze the changes in the ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Blocking and its Response to Climate Change 

      Woollings, Tim; Barriopedro, David E.; Methven, John; Son, Seok-Woo; Martius, Olivia; Harvey, Ben; Sillmann, Jana; Lupo, Anthony R.; Seneviratne, Sonia I. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Purpose of Review Atmospheric blocking events represent some of the most high-impact weather patterns in the mid-latitudes, yet they have often been a cause for concern in future climate projections. There has been low ...
    • Business Models for Negative Emissions From Waste-to-Energy Plants 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Negative emissions of carbon dioxide will likely be needed to meet the <2°C warming above the pre-industrial level goal of the Paris Agreement. A major technology option is combining Biomass Energy with Carbon Capture and ...
    • BVOC-aerosol-climate feedbacks investigated using NorESM 

      Sporre, Moa Kristina; Blichner, Sara Marie; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Makkonen, Risto; Berntsen, Terje Koren (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Both higher temperatures and increased CO2 con centrations are (separately) expected to increase the emis sions of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs). This has been proposed to initiate negative climate feedback ...