Now showing items 21-40 of 513

    • A simple model for scenario studies of changes in global climate: Version 1.0 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje (CICERO Working Paper;1999:02, Working paper, 1999)
      This paper gives a documentation of a simple climate model for studying the effects of future climate gas emissions on global mean temperature and sea level. Input to the model is global emissions of 29 gases. Atmospheric ...
    • A two-track CDM: improved incentives for sustainable development and offset production 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Shrivastava, Manish K.; Pandey, Nimisha; Tørnblad, Silje Hexeberg (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has been criticized in the literature for encouraging a focus on offset production (OP) at the expense of achieving or encouraging sustainable development (SD). It is argued that one ...
    • A warmer policy for a colder climate: Can China both reduce poverty and cap carbon emissions? 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan; Aamaas, Borgar; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Reducing global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is often thought to be at odds with economic growth and poverty reduction. Using an integrated assessment modeling approach, we find that China can cap CO2 emissions at 2015 ...
    • ACIA og IPCC - en sammenligning av mottakelsen i amerikansk offentlighet 

      Tjernshaugen, Andreas; Bang, Guri (CICERO Report;2005:04, Research report, 2005)
      Denne rapporten sammenligner mottakelsen av to vitenskapelige utredninger om klimaendringer i amerikansk offentlighet og politisk liv: Arctic Climate Impact Assessment (ACIA) og Den tredje hovedrapporten fra FNs klimapanel ...
    • Adjustment costs for investments in the abatement of climate change under uncertainty 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2000:05, Working paper, 2000)
      This paper studies optimal abatement of CO2 emissions, when investments in abatement measures are subject to adjustment costs. Decisions are made under uncertainty about the damages of climate change. Optimal abatement is ...
    • AfDB – Second opinion 

      Alfsen, Knut H. (Second opinions;2013:001, Report, 2013-09-01)
      CICERO - Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo, has considered the framework for the Green project portfolio of the African Development Bank (AfDB) with respect to their likely impact on climate change.
    • Air Pollution and Congestion in Bangkok- Developing analytical tools, and implications 

      Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Mideksa, Torben Kenea (CICERO Report;2009:01, Research report, 2009)
      In a congested city with air pollution like Bangkok, there are gains to analyzing and addressing them in coordination. Higher speed, tremendously valuable in itself for firms and households, also reduce the costs of air ...
    • Air quality estimates in Taiyan, Shanxi Province, China 

      Mestl, Heidi Elizabeth Staff; Fang, Jinghua (CICERO Report;2003:01, Research report, 2003)
      In a previous cost-benefit analysis of local air quality improvements in Shanxi, a simple linear relationship between emissions and surface concentrations was assumed (Aunan et al., 2004). This study looks more closely at ...
    • An alternative to the Global Warming Potential for comparing climate impacts of emissions of greenhouse gases 

      Shine, Keith P.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Stuber, Nicola (CICERO Working Paper;2003:03, Working paper, 2003)
      The Global Warming Potential (GWP) is used within the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as a metric for weighting the climatic impact of emissions of different greenhouse gases. ...
    • An analysis of the Bonn agreement: Background information for evaluating business implications 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2001:03, Research report, 2001)
      This report has been commissioned by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and written in August 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, ...
    • An assessment of experiences in the U.S.A. with power and emissions disclosure information for energy consumers 

      Wilhite, Harold Langford (CICERO Report;2007:02, Research report, 2007)
      A new Norwegian electricity directive that will take effect in 2007 will mandate the compliance of Norwegian electricity utilities with the European Unions EL Directive (2003/54/EC, par 6). The EU Directive states that all ...
    • An assessment of the role of CF4 and C2F6 as greenhouse gases 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Brühl, Christoph; Molina, Mario; Schiff, Harold; Shine, Keith P.; Stordal, Frode (CICERO Policy Note;1992:06, Working paper, 1992)
    • An economic approach to monitoring pollution accidents 

      Gottinger, Hans W. (CICERO Working Paper;1994:07, Working paper, 1994)
      _________________________________________________________ The author of this report, Hans Gottinger, has been regrettably found guilty of several counts of plagiarism. While we have no definitive proof that this particular ...
    • An economic approach to the analysis of country interests and positions in climate negotiations 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1998:14, Working paper, 1998)
      The publication develops an approach to the appraisal of economic interests and positions in climate negotiations. The approach is based on a full-scale analysis of costs and benefits of climate treaties. Interest is ...
    • An efficient and accurate carbon cycle model for use in simple climate models 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Berntsen, Terje (CICERO Working Paper;1999:01, Working paper, 1999)
      The aim of this publication is to document a simple model of the atmospheric CO2 concentration based on exogenous input of anthropogenic emission of CO2 and taking air-sea exchange and biospheric responses into account. ...
    • An evaluation of business implications of the Kyoto Protocol 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;2001:05, Research report, 2001)
      This report has been commissioned by Norsk Hydro ASA and written in November-December 2001. The aim of the report is to present and analyze the newest developments in the climate negotiations, particularly the seventh ...
    • An International Regulatory Framework for Risk Governance of Carbon Capture and Storage 

      Vajjhala, Shalini; Gode, Jenny; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Policy Note;2007:01, Policy note, 2007)
      CO2 capture and storage (CCS) in geological structures and its possible risks have been topics of extensive study in recent years. In contrast, the legal and regulatory structures necessary to support widespread capture ...
    • Analysis of EU member states' national allocation plans 

      Kolshus, Hans H.; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2005:02, Working paper, 2005)
      The European Union’s (EU) emissions trading scheme (ETS) started on 01 January 2005. The ETS covers CO2 emissions from large emitters in the power and heat generation industry and selected energy-intensive industrial ...
    • Aspects of burden-sharing of common action to mitigate climate change 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1995:02, Working paper, 1995)
      The paper discusses burden-sharing of a common 'ceiling' for total emissions of CO2 for a group of countries. The distribution of quotas is assumed to be based on the anticipated emissions in each country after a uniform ...
    • Assessing compliance with the Kyoto Protocol: Expert reviews, inverse modelling, or both? 

      Rypdal, Kristin; Stordal, Frode; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Berntsen, Terje (CICERO Working Paper;2003:07, Working paper, 2003)
      The Kyoto Protocol has an ambitious reporting and review system to assess nations’ compliance with their emission commitments. This system requires considerable resources to assure that the Parties report accurate emission ...