• UNCED-prosessen og Nordens rolle 

      Hernes, Helga (CICERO Working Paper;1994:15, Working paper, 1994)
      Denne artikkelen tar opp dilemmaet mellom nasjonal suverenitet og behovet for internasjonalt forpliktende samarbeid innenfor miljø- og ressursforvaltning. UNCED-prosessen har vært preget av denne spenningen spesielt i ...
    • Uncertain climate change in an intergenerational planning model 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1993:01, Working paper, 1993)
    • Uncertainties around reductions in China's coal use and CO 2 emissions 

      Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Chinese coal consumption dropped 2.9% in 2014 according to preliminary official statistics1 released in 2015. This was hailed as historic after China’s meteoric growth in the 2000s2. The International Energy Agency used ...
    • United States participation in future climate agreements: An assessment 

      Tjernshaugen, Andreas (CICERO Policy Note;2005:01, Working paper, 2005)
      The report identifies the major obstacles to U.S. participation in an international treaty to control greenhouse gas emissions, and suggests some possible strategies for reengaging the United States. It proceeds as follows: ...
    • Upgrading to cleaner household stoves and reducing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among women in rural China — A cost-benefit analysis 

      Aunan, Kristin; Alnes, Line Winther Hansen; Berger, Janne; Dong, Zeqin; Ma, Liying; Staff, Heidi Elisabeth; Vennemo, Haakon; Wang, Shuxiao; Zhan, Wei (Journal article, 2013)
    • Urban infrastructure choices structure climate solutions 

      Creutzig, Felix; Agoston, Peter; Minx, Jan C; Canadell, Josep G.; Andrew, Robbie; Le Quéré, Corinne; Peters, Glen Philip; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Yamagata, Yyoshiki; Dhakal, Shobhakar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Cities are becoming increasingly important in combatting climate change, but their overall role in global solution pathways remains unclear. Here we suggest structuring urban climate solutions along the use of existing and ...
    • Utslipp til luft fra oljeindustrien: Tiltak, kostnader og virkemidler 

      Dragsund, Egil; Aunan, Kristin; Godal, Odd; Haugom, Gerd Petra; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Report;1999:02, Research report, 1999)
      Denne rapporten beskriver utviklingen i forurensende utslipp til luft fra oljeindustrien i Norge sammenlignet bidraget fra andre sektorer. Viktige tiltak som har bidratt til en reduksjon i utslippene per produsert enhet ...
    • Utviklingen av naturulykker som følge av klimaendringer: Utredning på oppdrag fra Statens Landbruksforvaltning 

      Førland, Eirik J.; Amundsen, Helene; Hovelsrud, Grete K. (CICERO Report;2007:03, Research report, 2007)
    • Verdien av klimatiltak 

      Aaheim, H. Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1996:01, Research report, 1996)
      The study surveys the literature on the economic costs of climate policy in different countries and world wide. Studies of costs to achieve national targets on emissions are partly based on bottom-up approaches, where ...
    • Virkemidler som virker i klimapolitikken? Om fleksible virkemidler og et nasjonalt kvotesystem 

      Alfsen, Knut H. (CICERO Policy Note;1999:02, Working paper, 1999)
      Debatten om norsk virkemiddelbruk i klimapolitikken tok et stort steg framover sommeren 1998 med Stortingets vedtak om utredning og innføring av et nasjonalt kvotesystem. Spørsmålet om hvilke virkemidler vi skal bruke i ...
    • Virkninger av klimaendringer i Norge 

      Sygna, Linda; O'Brien, Karen (CICERO Report;2001:01, Research report, 2001)
      Denne rapporten oppsummerer et seminar arrangert av CICERO Senter for klimaforskning om ”Virkninger av klimaendringer”. Seminaret fant sted på Håndverkeren i Oslo, 30.- 31. oktober 2000. Bakgrunnen for seminaret er et ...
    • Virksomme klimabudskap 

      Lannoo, Elisabeth; Reed, Eilif Ursin (CICERO Report;2016:01, Research report, 2016)
      Denne rapporten gir en kort oversikt over hva forskere og kommunikasjonseksperter mener er det viktigste som skal til for å få folk engasjert i klimasaken og hvilke verdier forskjellige målgrupper baserer sine valg på. Den ...
    • Visjoner av lavkarbon Norge 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bjørnæs, Christian; Lund, Harald Francke; Oort, Bob van (CICERO Reports;2016:09, Research report, 2016)
      Vi har utviklet visjoner av Norge i 2050 som et lavkarbon og klimarobust samfunn, basert på innspill fra en referansegruppe fra næringsliv, organisasjoner, myndigheter, forskningsmiljø og miljøorganisasjoner. De viktigste ...
    • Vulnerability to climate stress - local and regional perspectives 

      Eriksen, Siri E H; Owuor, B.; Nyukuri, Elvin; Orindi, Victor (CICERO Report;2006:01, Research report, 2006)
      This report presents the proceedings of two related workshops, taking place in January/February 2005, that presented findings of the project ”Adaptation as a livelihood struggle: conflict and vulnerability among dryland ...
    • Vurderinger av norsk klimapolitikk - En syntese av fire internasjonale rapporter 

      Alfsen, Knut H.; Bjørnæs, Christian; Reed, Eilif Ursin (CICERO Report;2011:02, Research report, 2011)
    • Wave transition in household energy use 

      Zhang, Rui; Wei, Taoyuan; Sun, Jie; Shi, Qinghua (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      The energy ladder model and energy stacking model have been proposed in the literature to describe the relations between income growth and transition of energy consumed by households. Both models are largely descriptive ...
    • Wealth, Welfare and Sustainable Growth and Development: Challenges of Economic- and Fiscal Policies in Resource-Producing Countries 

      Moe, Thorvald (CICERO Policy Note;2011:01, Working paper, 2011)
      This Policy Note discuses, based on modern development theory and wealth accounting, challenges for economic- and fiscal policies in resource-producing countries defined as countries - both developed and developing low ...
    • Wealth-dependent and interdependent strategies in the Saami reindeer husbandry, Norway 

      Næss, Marius Warg; Bårdsen, Bård-Jørgen; Tveraa, Torkild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      It has been argued that decisions in relation to choosing strategies to a large degree depend on an organism's state. For nomadic pastoralists, wealth is an important state variable since it has been argued that differences ...
    • What controls the vertical distribution of aerosol? Relationships between process sensitivity in HadGEM3-UKCA and inter-model variation from AeroCom Phase II 

      Kipling, Zak; Stier, Philip; Johnson, Colin E.; Mann, Graham W.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bergman, Tommi; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Ghan, Steven John; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; van Noije, Twan P.C.; Pringle, Kirsty J.; von Salzen, Knut; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Zhang, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      he vertical profile of aerosol is important for its radiative effects, but weakly constrained by observations on the global scale, and highly variable among different models. To investigate the controlling factors in one ...
    • What might be minimum requirements for making the mechanism of Joint Implementation under the Climate Convention credible and operational 

      Selrod, Rolf; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Report;1994:04, Research report, 1994)
      Joint implementation (JI) is a mechanism under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC). The criteria of the mechanism are yet to be decided upon, but discussions in the International Negotiating Committee (INC) ...