Now showing items 46-65 of 516

    • Betingete posisjoner i klimaforhandlingene 

      Hovi, Jon; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1997:09, Working paper, 1997)
    • Betting on negative emissions 

      Fuss, Sabine; Canadell, Josep G.; Peters, Glen Philip; Tavoni, M.; Andrew, Robbie; Ciais, Philippe; Jackson, Robert B.; Jones, Chris D.; Kraxner, Florian; Nakicenovic, Nebojsa; Le Quéré, Corinne; Raupach, Michael R.; Sharifi, Ayyoob; Smith, Pete; Yamagata, Yyoshiki (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage could be used to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. However, its credibility as a climate change mitigation option is unproven and its widespread deployment in climate ...
    • Betydningen av CF4 og C2F6 som klimagasser 

      Isaksen, Ivar S. A. (CICERO Policy Note;1991:01, Working paper, 1991)
    • Betydningen av kommunal klimapolitikk. Virkemidler, potensial og barrierer 

      Vevatne, Jonas; Westskog, Hege; Hauge, Karen Evelyn (CICERO Report;2005:06, Research report, 2005)
      Denne rapporten viser at kommunene besitter viktige klimavirkemidler og at potensialet for det lokale klimaarbeidet er av betydning. De spiller en viktig rolle i reduksjon av utslipp knyttet til valg av boligmønster og ...
    • Biological effects of climate change: An introduction to the field and a survey of current research 

      Kristiansen, Gørill (CICERO Report;1993:03, Research report, 1993)
      This report presents a survey of international (Chapter 2) as well as national research activities within 13 selected countries (Chapter 3) in the field of biological effects of climate change. In addition, a brief overview ...
    • Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Schulz, M.; Balkanski, Y.; Bauer, S.; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, H.; Bellouin, N.; Diehl, T.; Easter, R.C.; Ghan, S.J.; Iversen, Trond; Kinne, S.; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, J.-F.; Lin, G.; Liu, X.; Penner, J.E.; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, P.; Takemura, T.; Tsigaridis, K.; Zhang, K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      The impact of black carbon (BC) aerosols on the global radiation balance is not well constrained. Here twelve global aerosol models are used to show that at least 20% of the present uncertainty in modeled BC direct radiative ...
    • Broadening the climate regime: Design and feasibility of multi-stage climate agreements 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Bang, Guri; Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas (CICERO Report;2005:02, Research report, 2005)
      To meet a climate target like maximum 2 ºC temperature increase by 2100, participation in efforts to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases must be broader than that in the Kyoto Protocol. It will also require emission ...
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Criteria for evaluation and development of burden-sharing rules 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Working Paper;2000:01, Working paper, 2000)
      This article discusses nine criteria for evaluation of potential Burden Sharing Rules (BSRs) in climate policy agreements. Three of the criteria reflect fairness principles while six of them are operational requirements. ...
    • Burden differentiation of greenhouse gas abatement: Fairness principles and proposals 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Underdal, Arild (CICERO Working Paper;1999:13, Working paper, 1999)
      This report is the second working paper of the joint CICERO (Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo) and ECN (Netherlands Energy Research Foundation) project ‘Rules for Burden Differentiation of ...
    • Burden differentiation: GHG emissions, undercurrents and mitigation costs 

      Ybema, J.R.; Battjes, J.J.; Jansen, J.C.; Ormel, F.T. (CICERO Working Paper;1999:14, Working paper, 1999)
    • Business as UNusual: the implications of fossil divestment and green bonds for financial flows, economic growth and energy market 

      Glomsrød, Solveig; Wei, Taoyuan (CICERO Working Paper;2016:01, Working paper, 2016)
      Green bonds and fossil divestment has emerged as a bottom-up approach to climate action within the business community. Recent pledges by large banks and institutional investors have reached levels that have the potential ...
    • Byvekstavtaler i et flernivåperspektiv: helhetlig styringsverktøy med demokratiske utfordringer 

      Amundsen, Helene; Christiansen, Petter; Hanssen, Gro Sandkjær; Hofstad, Hege; Tønnesen, Anders; Westskog, Hege (CICERO Report;2019:13, Report, 2019-09)
      Prosjektet «Byvekstavtaler som redskap for bærekraftig bo-, areal- og transportutvikling» har som formål å studere byvekstavtalenes potensial for å oppnå en bærekraftig bo-, areal- og transportutvikling. CICERO Senter for ...
    • Bærekraftig matproduksjon - En diskursiv tilnærming til koordinering 

      Skagen, Katrine (CICERO Report;2020:06, Report, 2020-09)
      Fremveksten av komplekse og grenseoverskridende utfordringer har økt nødvendigheten av samarbeid og koordinering på tvers av sektorielle linjer. I denne masteroppgaven kombineres en kritisk diskursanalyse med koordineringsteori ...
    • Can conditional commitments break the climate change negotiations deadlock? 

      Underdal, Arild; Hovi, Jon; Kallbekken, Steffen; Skodvin, Tora (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Can a conditional commitment by a major actor (for example, the European Union) induce other major actors (such as the USA, China, India, or Japan) to do more to mitigate global climate change? We analyse this question by ...
    • Can geological carbon storage be competitive? 

      Kallbekken, Steffen; Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;2004:05, Working paper, 2004)
      In this paper we review the literature on the costs and benefits of geological carbon storage and the estimates of greenhouse gas permit prices under the Kyoto Protocol commitment period and beyond. Combining these results ...
    • Can multi-criteria rules fairly distribute climate burdens? OECD results from three burden-sharing rules 

      Ringius, Lasse; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1998:06, Working paper, 1998)
      An important feature of the Protocol concluded in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 is the differentiation of the climate targets of the industrialized countries. A more systematic approach to burden sharing than that leading ...
    • Can the Clean Development Mechanism attain both cost-effectiveness and sustainable development objectives? 

      Kolshus, Hans H.; Vevatne, Jonas; Torvanger, Asbjørn; Aunan, Kristin (CICERO Working Paper;2001:08, Working paper, 2001)
      The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), as defined in the Kyoto Protocol, has two objectives: to promote sustainable development in host developing countries, and to improve global cost-effectiveness by assisting developed ...
    • Capital Gains and Income Arising from Nonrenewable Resources 

      Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Should capital gains be included in income arising from nonrenewable resources? In the present paper, I show that capital gains from a nonrenewable resource can be divided into two terms: real price change effects and real ...
    • Carbon capture and storage projects under the climate policy regime: The case of Halten CO2 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn; Rypdal, Kristin; Tjernshaugen, Andreas (CICERO Report;2007:09, Research report, 2007)
      The report discusses institutional and policy issues associated with implementation of a planned carbon capture and storage plant in Mid-Norway under the international and national climate policy regime.
    • Carbon sequestration in sinks: An overview of potential and costs 

      Kolshus, Hans H. (CICERO Working Paper;2001:11, Working paper, 2001)
      Prior to the resumed climate negotiations in Bonn in July this year, it was thought that an agreement on the unresolved crunch issues of the Kyoto Protocol was unrealistic. This was primarily due to the US withdrawal from ...