• Aerosol absorption in global models from AeroCom phase III 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Gliss, Jonas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Ginoux, Paul; Kipling, Zak; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Le Sager, Philippe; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Matsui, Hitoshi; Van Noije, Twan; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Rémy, Samuel; Schulz, Michael; Stier, Philip; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Tsyro, Svetlana; Watson-Parris, Duncan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Aerosol-induced absorption of shortwave radiation can modify the climate through local atmospheric heating, which affects lapse rates, precipitation, and cloud formation. Presently, the total amount of aerosol absorption ...
    • Aerosols at the poles: an AeroCom Phase II multi-model evaluation 

      Sand, Maria; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Balkanski, Yves; Bauer, Susanne; Bellouin, Nicolas; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Easter, Richard; Ghan, Steve J.; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Lin, Guangxing; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; Myhre, Gunnar; Van Noije, Twan P.C.; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Yu, Fangqun; Zhang, Kai; Zhang, Hua (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • Climate-driven chemistry and aerosol feedbacks in CMIP6 Earth system models 

      Thornhill, Gillian; Collins, William J.; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Archibald, Alexander T.; Bauer, Susanne E.; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Fiedler, Stephanie; Folberth, Gerd; Gjermundsen, Ada; Horowitz, Larry; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Michou, Martine; Mulcahy, Jane; Nabat, Pierre; Naik, Vaishali; M. O'Connor, Fiona; Paulot, Fabien; Schulz, Michael; Scott, Catherine E.; Séférian, Roland; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Weber, James (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Feedbacks play a fundamental role in determining the magnitude of the response of the climate system to external forcing, such as from anthropogenic emissions. The latest generation of Earth system models includes aerosol ...
    • Cloudy-sky contributions to the direct aerosol effect 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Alterskjær, Kari; Balkanski, Yves; Bellouin, Nicolas; Chin, Mian; Haywood, James; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Kinne, Stefan; Lin, Guangxing; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Penner, Joyce E.; Schulz, Michael; Schutgens, Nick; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stier, Philip; Takemura, Toshihiko; Zhang, Kai (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The radiative forcing of the aerosol–radiation interaction can be decomposed into clear-sky and cloudy-sky portions. Two sets of multi-model simulations within Aerosol Comparisons between Observations and Models (AeroCom), ...
    • Distinct responses of Asian summer monsoon to black carbon aerosols and greenhouse gases 

      Xie, Xiaoning; Myhre, Gunnar; Liu, Xiaodong; Li, Xinzhou; Shi, Zhengguo; Wang, Hongli; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko; Liu, Yangang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols emitted from natural and anthropogenic sources induce positive radiative forcing and global warming, which in turn significantly affect the Asian summer monsoon (ASM). However, many aspects of ...
    • Distinct surface response to black carbon aerosols 

      Tang, Tao; Shindell, Drew; Zhang, Yuqiang; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Myhre, Gunnar; Faluvegi, Greg; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Andrews, Timothy; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Lee, Xuhui (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      For the radiative impact of individual climate forcings, most previous studies focused on the global mean values at the top of the atmosphere (TOA), and less attention has been paid to surface processes, especially for ...
    • Dynamical response of Mediterranean precipitation to greenhouse gases and aerosols 

      Tang, Tao; Shindell, Drew; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Boucher, Olivier; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Sillmann, Jana; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Gregory S.; Fläschner, Dagmar; Iversen, Trond; Kasoar, Matthew; Kharin, Viatcheslav; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Richardson, Thomas; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • The effect of rapid adjustments to halocarbons and N2O on radiative forcing 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Kramer, Ryan J.; Shine, Keith P.; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Greg; Kasoar, Matthew; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Mülmenstädt, Johannes; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Shindell, Drew; Smith, Christopher J.; Takemura, Toshihiko; Voulgarakis, Apostolos (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Rapid adjustments occur after initial perturbation of an external climate driver (e.g., CO2) and involve changes in, e.g. atmospheric temperature, water vapour and clouds, independent of sea surface temperature changes. ...
    • Global and regional radiative forcing from 20 % reductions in BC, OC and SO4 - An HTAP2 multi-model study 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar; Bian, Huisheng; Chin, Mian; Davila, Yanko; Dentener, Frank; Emmons, Louisa; Flemming, Johannes; Haslerud, Amund Søvde; Henze, Daven; Jonson, Jan Eiof; Kucsera, Tom; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Schulz, Michael; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      In the Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Phase 2 (HTAP2) exercise, a range of global atmospheric general circulation and chemical transport models performed coordinated perturbation experiments with 20 % reductions ...
    • Global and regional trends of atmospheric sulfur 

      Aas, Wenche; Mortier, Augustin; Bowersox, Van C.; Cherian, Ribu; Faluvegi, Greg; Fagerli, Hilde; Hand, Jenny; Klimont, Zbigniew; Galy-Lacaux, Corinne; Lehmann, Christopher M. B.; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Myhre, Gunnar; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Sato, Keiichi; Quaas, Johannes; Rao, P.S.P.; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Stein, Ariel; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana; Vet, Robert; Xu, Xiaobin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The profound changes in global SO2 emissions over the last decades have affected atmospheric composition on a regional and global scale with large impact on air quality, atmospheric deposition and the radiative forcing of ...
    • Global premature mortality due to anthropogenic outdoor air pollution and the contribution of past climate change 

      Silva, Raquel A.; West, J. Jason; Zhang, Yuqiang; Anenberg, Susan C.; Lamarque, Jean-François; Shindell, Drew T.; Collins, William J.; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Faluvegi, Greg; Folberth, Gerd; Horowitz, Larry W.; Nagashima, Tatasuya; Naik, Vaishali; Rumbold, Steven; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Sudo, Kengo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, Philip; Cionni, Irene; Doherty, Ruth M.; Eyring, Veronika; Josse, Béatrice; MacKenzie, Ian A.; Plummer, David; Righi, Mattia; Stevenson, David S.; Strode, Sarah; Szopa, Sophie; Zeng, Guang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
    • Historical total ozone radiative forcing derived from CMIP6 simulations 

      Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Myhre, Gunnar; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Cameron-Smith, Philip J.; Deushi, Makoto; Hegglin, Michaela I.; Horowitz, Larry W.; Kramer, Ryan J.; Michou, Martine; Mills, Michael J.; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; O’Connor, Fiona M.; Paynter, David; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Sellar, Alistair; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tilmes, Simone; Wu, Tongwen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Radiative forcing (RF) time series for total ozone from 1850 up to the present day are calculated based on historical simulations of ozone from 10 climate models contributing to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project ...
    • How aerosols and greenhouse gases influence the diurnal temperature range 

      Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Boucher, Olivier; Iversen, Trond; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Myhre, Gunnar; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The diurnal temperature range (DTR) (or difference between the maximum and minimum temperature within a day) is one of many climate parameters that affects health, agriculture and society. Understanding how DTR evolves ...
    • Multi-model simulations of aerosol and ozone radiative forcing due to anthropogenic emission changes during the period 1990-2015 

      Myhre, Gunnar; Aas, Wenche; Cherian, Ribu; Collins, W; Faluvegi, Greg; Flanner, M.; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Klimont, Zbigniew; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Mulmenstädt, Johannes; Myhre, Cathrine Lund; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Prather, Michael J.; Quaas, Johannes; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Schnell, Jordan; Schulz, Michael; Shindell, Drew; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsyro, Svetlana G. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Over the past few decades, the geographical distribution of emissions of substances that alter the atmospheric energy balance has changed due to economic growth and air pollution regulations. Here, we show the resulting ...
    • Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Flux Bias in the AeroCom Phase III Models: A Clear-Sky Perspective 

      Su, Wenying; Liang, Lusheng; Myhre, Gunnar; Thorsen, Tyler J.; Loeb, Norman G.; Schuster, Gregory L.; Ginoux, Paul; Paulot, Fabien; Neubauer, David; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Matsui, Hitoshi; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bauer, Susanne E.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Biases in aerosol optical depths (AOD) and land surface albedos in the AeroCom models are manifested in the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) clear-sky reflected shortwave (SW) fluxes. Biases in the SW fluxes from AeroCom models are ...
    • What controls the vertical distribution of aerosol? Relationships between process sensitivity in HadGEM3-UKCA and inter-model variation from AeroCom Phase II 

      Kipling, Zak; Stier, Philip; Johnson, Colin E.; Mann, Graham W.; Bellouin, Nicolas; Bauer, Susanne E.; Bergman, Tommi; Chin, Mian; Diehl, Thomas; Ghan, Steven John; Iversen, Trond; Kirkevåg, Alf; Kokkola, Harri; Liu, Xiaohong; Luo, Gan; van Noije, Twan P.C.; Pringle, Kirsty J.; von Salzen, Knut; Schulz, Michael; Seland, Øyvind; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Zhang, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      he vertical profile of aerosol is important for its radiative effects, but weakly constrained by observations on the global scale, and highly variable among different models. To investigate the controlling factors in one ...