Now showing items 263-282 of 1101

    • Developing strategies for climate change: The UNEP country studies on climate change impacts and adaptations assessment 

      Unknown author (CICERO Report;2000:02, Research report, 2000)
      This report summarizes four country studies that were undertaken as part of the UNEP "Country Case Studies on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations Assessment." These studies, carried out in Antigua and Barbuda, Cameroon, ...
    • Differentiation, leaders and fairness: Negotiating climate commitments in the European Community 

      Ringius, Lasse (CICERO Report;1997:08, Research report, 1998)
      This report shows that it is possible to negotiate and reach asymmetrical environmental agreements that take into account significant national dissimilarities. The report argues that analytical models and intuitively ...
    • Diös 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:022, Report, 2019-08-15)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Direct and indirect global warming potentials of source gases 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Isaksen, Ivar S. A.; Wang, Wei-Chyung (CICERO Report;1994:01, Research report, 1994)
      Global Warming Potentials for emissions of CH4, CO and NOx that take into account indirect chemical effects have been estimated for five time horizons. The indirect effects of methane emissions that have been considered ...
    • Direkte og indirekte klimaeffekter av ozonnedbrytende stoffer 

      Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Seip, Hans Martin (CICERO Policy Note;1999:07, Working paper, 1999)
      Viktige ozonnedbrytende stoffer som KFK-11 og KFK-12 er sterke drivhusgasser med direkte oppvarmingseffekt. Men fordi disse gassene bryter ned ozonlaget, har de også flere indirekte effekter som sannsynligvis virker ...
    • Dirty air offsets inequality 

      Lund, Marianne Tronstad (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Atmospheric aerosols have probably masked a significant portion of the greenhouse-gas-induced warming so far. Research now shows that this also may have masked some of the world’s increasing economic inequality.
    • Disaggregating the Electricity Sector in the GRACE Model. 

      Rive, Nathan; Mideksa, Torben Kenea (CICERO Report;2009:02, Research report, 2009)
    • Distinct responses of Asian summer monsoon to black carbon aerosols and greenhouse gases 

      Xie, Xiaoning; Myhre, Gunnar; Liu, Xiaodong; Li, Xinzhou; Shi, Zhengguo; Wang, Hongli; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Shindell, Drew; Takemura, Toshihiko; Liu, Yangang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Black carbon (BC) aerosols emitted from natural and anthropogenic sources induce positive radiative forcing and global warming, which in turn significantly affect the Asian summer monsoon (ASM). However, many aspects of ...
    • Distinct surface response to black carbon aerosols 

      Tang, Tao; Shindell, Drew; Zhang, Yuqiang; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Myhre, Gunnar; Faluvegi, Greg; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Andrews, Timothy; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Takemura, Toshihiko; Lee, Xuhui (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      For the radiative impact of individual climate forcings, most previous studies focused on the global mean values at the top of the atmosphere (TOA), and less attention has been paid to surface processes, especially for ...
    • Distribution of emission costs under different regulation schemes in Norway 

      Godal, Odd; Holtsmark, Bjart (CICERO Working Paper;1998:08, Working paper, 1998)
      The main aim of this paper is to describe how today's carbon dioxide (CO2) tax scheme affects the various sectors of the Norwegian economy. Furthermore, we want to illuminate some possible distributive consequences that ...
    • Distributive fairness: A mutual recognition approach 

      Underdal, Arild; Wei, Taoyuan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Can norms of distributive fairness serve as pillars of a new and more effective global climate regime? Three general principles – responsibilities, capabilities (capacity), and needs (or rights) – are frequently invoked ...
    • Does solar geoengineering crowd-out climate change mitigation efforts? Evidence from a stated preference referendum on a carbon tax 

      Cherry, Todd; Kallbekken, Steffen; Kroll, Stephan; McEvoy, Dave (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Solar geoengineering is increasingly being considered a realistic approach to managing climate change. One crucial concern is whether geoengineering crowds out efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Adding to a ...
    • Dominant agents and intertemporal emissions trading 

      Hagem, Cathrine; Westskog, Hege (CICERO Working Paper;2004:11, Working paper, 2004)
      In this paper we analyze how restricting intertemporal trading by prohibiting borrowing of emission permits affects the ability of a dominant agent to exploit its market power, and the consequences this has for the ...
    • Downscaling probability of long heatwaves based on seasonal mean daily maximum temperatures 

      Benestad, Rasmus; Oort, Bob van; Justino, Flavio; Stordal, Frode; Parding, Kajsa; Mezghani, Abdelkader; Erlandsen, Helene B.; Sillmann, Jana; Pereira-Flores, Milton E (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      A methodology for estimating and downscaling the probability associated with the duration of heatwaves is presented and applied as a case study for Indian wheat crops. These probability estimates make use of empirical-statistical ...
    • Driving forces in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions in east and south coastal China: commonality and variations 

      Gao, Chaochao; Liu, Yonghong; Jin, Jun; Wei, Taoyuan; Zhang, Jianying; Zhu, Lizhong (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      As the world's top carbon dioxide emitter, China is expected to reach its emissions peak by 2030. East and south coastal China contribute nearly one-third of the emissions in China, and therefore play a critical role in ...
    • Dynamical response of Mediterranean precipitation to greenhouse gases and aerosols 

      Tang, Tao; Shindell, Drew; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Boucher, Olivier; Forster, Piers M.; Hodnebrog, Øivind; Myhre, Gunnar; Sillmann, Jana; Voulgarakis, Apostolos; Andrews, Timothy; Faluvegi, Gregory S.; Fläschner, Dagmar; Iversen, Trond; Kasoar, Matthew; Kharin, Viatcheslav; Kirkevåg, Alf; Lamarque, Jean-Francois; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Richardson, Thomas; Stjern, Camilla Weum; Takemura, Toshihiko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Earlier emergence of a temperature response to mitigation by filtering annual variability 

      Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Zhou, C.; Fuglestvedt, Jan S.; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Marotzke, J.; Zelinka, M.D. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The rate of global surface warming is crucial for tracking progress towards global climate targets, but is strongly influenced by interannual-to-decadal variability, which precludes rapid detection of the temperature ...
    • Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0-diagnostics for extreme events, regional and impact evaluation, and analysis of Earth system models in CMIP 

      Weigel, Katja; Bock, Lisa; Gier, Bettina K.; Lauer, Axel; Righi, Mattia; Schlund, Manuel; Adeniyi, Kemisola; Andela, Bouwe; Arnone, Enrico; Berg, Peter; Caron, Louis-Philippe; Cionni, Irene; Corti, Susanna; Drost, Niels; Hunter, Alasdair; Lledó, Llorenç; Mohr, Christian Wilhelm; Paçal, Aytaç; Pérez-Zanón, Núria; Predoi, Valeriu; Sandstad, Marit; Sillmann, Jana; Sterl, Andreas; Vegas-Regidor, Javier; Von Hardenberg, Jost; Eyring, Veronika (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper complements a series of now four publications that document the release of the Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (ESMValTool) v2.0. It describes new diagnostics on the hydrological cycle, extreme events, impact ...
    • East Renewable 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:018, Report, 2019-06-12)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • Eastnine 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2020:037, Report, 2020-09-24)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green