Now showing items 1004-1023 of 1101

    • Trading for the Future: Signaling in Permit Markets 

      Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Harstad, Bård (CICERO Working Paper;2007:01, Working paper, 2007)
      Tradable pollution permits are celebrated as a political instrument since they allow (i) firms to equalize marginal abatement costs through trade and (ii) they government to distribute the burden of the policy in a politically ...
    • The transformative potential of local-level planning and climate policies. Case studies from Norwegian municipalities 

      Westskog, Hege; Aarsæther, Nils Johan; Hovelsrud, Grete K.; Amundsen, Helene; West, Jennifer Joy; Dale, Ragnhild Freng (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      We analyse whether and how current municipal climate policies can be characterised as transformative and which factors and pathways may lead to transformative change at the municipal level. Based on 13 in-depth case studies ...
    • Transforming knowledge systems for life on Earth: Visions of future systems and how to get there 

      Fazey, Ioan; Schäpke, Niko; Rosenberg, Milda Nordbø; Caniglia, Guido; O'Brien, Karen; Hodgson, Anthony; Kendrick, Ian; Scoville-Simonds, Morgan; Gram-Hanssen, Irmelin; Amundsen, Helene; Grandin, Jakob; Dannevig, Halvor; Grenni, Sara; Gunnell, Jade Lauren; Gusmao, Felipe; Hamann, Maike; Harding, Brian; Harper, Gavin; Hesselgren, Mia; Hestad, Dina; Heykoop, Cheryl Anne; Holmén, Johan; Holstead, Kirsty; Hoolohan, Claire; Horcea-Milcu, Andra-Ioana; Horlings, Lummina Geertruida; Howden, Stuart Mark; Howell, Rachel Angharad; Huque, Sarah Insia; Inturias Canedo, Mirna Liz; Preiser, Rika; Rahman, Sajidur; Reed, Mark S.; Revell, Philip; Rodriguez, Iokiñe; Rogers, Briony Cathryn; Rohr, Jascha; Ross, Helen; Russell, Shona; Young, Hannah R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Formalised knowledge systems, including universities and research institutes, are important for contemporary societies. They are, however, also arguably failing humanity when their impact is measured against the level of ...
    • Transitions in pathways of human development and carbon emissions 

      Lamb, William; Steinberger, Julia; Bows-Larkin, Alice; Peters, Glen Philip; Roberts, JT; Wood, FR (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      Countries are known to follow diverse pathways of life expectancy and carbon emissions, but little is known about factors driving these dynamics. In this letter we estimate the cross-sectional economic, demographic and ...
    • Tredje hovedrapport fra FNs klimapanel (IPCC): Norsk oversettelse av sammendrag 

      Tjernshaugen, Andreas (CICERO Report;2004:06, Research report, 2004)
    • Trianon 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Second opinions;2019:007, Report, 2019-03-31)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Real Estate, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Medium Green
    • Tropospheric ozone changes, radiative forcing and attribution to emissions in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) 

      Stevenson, D.S.; Young, P.J.; Naik, V.; Lamarque, J.-F.; Shindell, D.T.; Voulgarakis, A.; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Gunnar; Berntsen, Terje Koren; Folberth, G.A.; Rumbold, S.T.; Collins, W.J.; MacKenzie, I.A.; Doherty, R.M.; Zeng, G.; van Noije, T.P.C; Strunk, A.; Bergmann, D.; Cameron-Smith, P.; Plummer, D.A.; Strode, S.A.; Horowitz, L.; Lee, Y.H.; Szopa, S.; Sudo, K.; Nagashima, T.; Josse, B.; Cionni, I.; Righi, M.; Eyring, V.; Conley, A.; Bowman, K.W.; Wild, O.; Archibald, A. T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Ozone (O3) from 17 atmospheric chemistry models taking part in the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP) has been used to calculate tropospheric ozone radiative forcings (RFs). All models ...
    • Troublesome leisure travel: Counterproductive sustainable transport policies 

      Holden, Erling; Linnerud, Kristin (Chapter, 2015)
      In this chapter, we present three well-established sustainable transport policies – developing more compact cities, building pro-environment awareness and attitudes, and promoting growth of information and communication ...
    • Troublesome Leisure Travel: The Contradictions of Three Sustainable Transport Policies 

      Holden, Erling; Linnerud, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      Sustainable passenger transport policies are most often directed towards everyday travel and ignore the large and expanding amount of leisure travel. The paper examines whether policies aimed at reducing energy consumption ...
    • Troublesome Leisure Travel: The Contradictions of Three Sustainable Transport Policies 

      Holden, Erling; Linnerud, Kristin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      Sustainable passenger transport policies are most often directed towards everyday travel and ignore the large and expanding amount of leisure travel. The paper examines whether policies aimed at reducing energy consumption ...
    • TrønderEnergi 

      CICERO Shades of Green AS (Report, 2021-02-11)
      Category: Second Opinion, Sector: Energy, Issuer type: Corporate, Shading: Dark Green
    • UNCED-prosessen og Nordens rolle 

      Hernes, Helga (CICERO Working Paper;1994:15, Working paper, 1994)
      Denne artikkelen tar opp dilemmaet mellom nasjonal suverenitet og behovet for internasjonalt forpliktende samarbeid innenfor miljø- og ressursforvaltning. UNCED-prosessen har vært preget av denne spenningen spesielt i ...
    • Uncertain climate change in an intergenerational planning model 

      Torvanger, Asbjørn (CICERO Working Paper;1993:01, Working paper, 1993)
    • Uncertain Climate Policy Decisions and Investment Timing: Evidence from Small Hydropower Plants 

      Heggedal, Ane Marte; Linnerud, Kristin; Fleten, Stein-Erik (Journal article, 2011)
    • Uncertainties around reductions in China's coal use and CO 2 emissions 

      Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen Philip; Andrew, Robbie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      Chinese coal consumption dropped 2.9% in 2014 according to preliminary official statistics1 released in 2015. This was hailed as historic after China’s meteoric growth in the 2000s2. The International Energy Agency used ...
    • Under what conditions will the paris process produce a cycle of increasing ambition sufficient to reach the 2°c goal? 

      Sælen, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Paris Agreement establishes a cycle where parties submit their nationally determined contributions (NDCs) every five years. First-round NDCs fail to put emissions on a path consistent with achieving the Agreement’s 2°C ...
    • Understanding and Managing Harmful Algal Bloom Risks in a Changing Climate: Lessons From the European CoCliME Project 

      West, Jennifer Joy; Järnberg, Linn; Berdalet, Elisa; Cusack, Caroline (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      This paper discusses the conceptual and methodological challenges to co-developing high-quality and transferable knowledge to understand and manage harmful algal bloom (HAB) risks as part of adaptation to changing aquatic ...
    • Understanding low-carbon food consumption transformation through social practice theory: The case of community supported agriculture in Norway 

      Standal, Karina; Westskog, Hege (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Drawing on a qualitative case study of consumers involved in community-supported agriculture farms in Norway, this article applies social practice theory to understand pro-environmental behaviour transformation in relation ...
    • Understanding model diversity in future precipitation projections for South America 

      Hodnebrog, Øivind; Steensen, Birthe Marie Rødssæteren; Marelle-Sebrechts, Louis; Alterskjær, Kari; Dalsøren, Stig Bjørløw; Myhre, Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Precipitation patterns are expected to change in the future climate, affecting humans through a number of factors. Global climate models (GCM) are our best tools for projecting large-scale changes in climate, but they ...
    • Understanding Top-of-Atmosphere Flux Bias in the AeroCom Phase III Models: A Clear-Sky Perspective 

      Su, Wenying; Liang, Lusheng; Myhre, Gunnar; Thorsen, Tyler J.; Loeb, Norman G.; Schuster, Gregory L.; Ginoux, Paul; Paulot, Fabien; Neubauer, David; Checa-Garcia, Ramiro; Matsui, Hitoshi; Tsigaridis, Kostas; Skeie, Ragnhild Bieltvedt; Takemura, Toshihiko; Bauer, Susanne E.; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Biases in aerosol optical depths (AOD) and land surface albedos in the AeroCom models are manifested in the top-of-atmosphere (TOA) clear-sky reflected shortwave (SW) fluxes. Biases in the SW fluxes from AeroCom models are ...